Hilleman, Dr. Maurice, National Medal of Science, 1988
Six vials of vaccines and report describing their development
"Discoveries of the cause for diseases and their prevention by vaccines.
These discoveries and developments have been a hallmark for
twentieth-century medicine and provide a remarkable heritage for the
people of the future...Present vaccines now prevent more than 4 million
deaths per year worldwide. Prevention of one million deaths per year occurs from application of measles vaccine alone."