PRESIDENT CLINTON AND VICE PRESIDENT GORE'S
PRESIDENT CLINTON AND VICE PRESIDENT GORE'S
EXPANDING ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY FOR ALL
- Unemployment Down to 3.7%: The unemployment rate in Michigan has declined from 7.4% to 3.7% since 1993.
- 642,600 New Jobs: 642,600 new jobs have been created in Michigan since 1993 – an average of 82,034 jobs per year, compared to an average of just 22,125 jobs per year during the previous administration.
- 605,100 New Private Sector Jobs: Since 1993, 605,100 new private sector jobs have been created in Michigan—an average of 77,247 jobs per year, compared to an average of just 16,425 private sector jobs per year in the previous administration.
- 55,100 New Manufacturing Jobs: 55,100 manufacturing jobs have been created in Michigan since 1993 -- an average of 7,034 jobs per year. In contrast, an average of 18,600 manufacturing jobs were lost each year during the previous administration.
- 65,300 New Construction Jobs: 65,300 construction jobs have been created in Michigan since 1993 -- an average of 8,426 jobs per year. In contrast, an average of 1,175 construction jobs were lost each year during the previous administration.
- 380,000 Have Received a Raise: Approximately 142,000 Michigan workers benefited from an increase in the minimum wage—from $4.25 to $4.75 -- on October 1, 1996. They, along with about 238,000 more received an additional raise—from $4.75 to $5.15 -- on September 1, 1997. President Clinton and Vice President Gore have called on Congress to raise the minimum wage by an additional $1.00 over two years.
- Poverty Has Fallen: Nationally, the poverty rate has fallen from 15.1% in 1993 to 11.8% in 1999, the lowest level since 1979. In Michigan, the poverty rate has fallen from 15.4% in 1993 to 10.3% in 1999. [Census Bureau]
- A $500 Child Tax Credit to Help Families Raising Children: To help make it easier for families to raise their children, the balanced budget included a $500 per-child tax credit for children under 17. Thanks to President Clinton, the Balanced Budget delivers a child tax credit to 982,000 families in Michigan.
- Business Failures Down 7.5%: Business failures in Michigan have dropped an average of 7.5% per year since 1993, after increasing 12.3% per year during the previous twelve years. [Oct. 98 data]
- Homeownership Has Increased in Michigan: Homeownership in Michigan has increased from 72.6% to 76.5% since 1993.
- Home Building Up 4.2%: Home building in Michigan has increased by an average of 4.2% per year since 1993, after falling by over 4.7% per year during the previous administration.
- Michigan's Families Reap Benefits of Deficit Reduction: Public debt is on track to be $2.4 trillion lower in 2000 than was projected in 1993. Debt reduction brings real benefits for the American people -- a family in Michigan with a home mortgage of $100,000 might expect to save roughly $2,000 per year in mortgage payments. Reduced debt also means lower interest rates and reduced payments on car loans and student loans.
- 4.1% Growth in Total Bank Loans and Leases: Michigan has seen a 4.1% average growth rate in total bank loans and leases per year since 1993.
- 7.3% Growth in Commercial and Industrial Loans and Leases: Since 1993, Michigan has experienced a 7.3% annual growth rate in commercial and industrial loans and leases. In contrast, commercial and industrial loans and leases fell by an annual average of 1.1% during the previous administration.
EXPANDING ACCESS TO EDUCATION
- Over 33,400 Children in Head Start: 33,422 Michigan children were enrolled in Head Start in 1999. In FY00, Michigan will receive $190.3 million in Head Start funding, an increase of $82.6 million over 1993.
- More High-Quality Teachers With Smaller Class Sizes for Michigan's Schools: Thanks to the Class Size Reduction Initiative, Michigan received $50.3 million in 1999 to hire about 1,293 new, well-prepared public school teachers and reduce class size in the early grades. President Clinton secured funding for a second and third installment of the plan, giving Michigan $54.5 million in 2000 and $68 million in 2001.
- $45.9 Million for School Repairs: President Clinton fought for and won a new initiative to repair America's schools, providing $1.2 billion in the FY 2001 budget for urgent school renovation. Michigan will receive $45.9 million in school renovation grants.
- $17.7 Million for Technology Literacy: This year [FY01], Michigan receives $17.7 million for the Technology Literacy Challenge Fund which helps communities and the private sector ensure that every student is equipped with the computer literacy skills needed for the 21st century.
- $349.4 Million for Students Most in Need: Michigan receives $349.4 million in Title I Grants (to Local Educational Agencies) providing extra help in the basics for students most in need, particularly communities and schools with high concentrations of children in low-income families [FY01].
- Turning Around Failing Schools: Michigan will receive $9.5 million in Title I Accountability Grants in 2001. President Clinton created the accountability fund to help turn around the worst performing schools through such measures as overhauling curriculum, improving staffing, or even closing schools and reopening them as charter schools.
- $228.1 Million in Pell Grants: This year [FY01], Michigan will receive $228.1 million in Pell Grants for low-income students going to college.
- Expanded Work-Study To Help More Students Work Their Way Through College: Michigan will receive $29.2 million in Work-Study funding in 2001 to help Michigan students work their way through college.
- Nearly 3,300 Have Served in Michigan through AmeriCorps: Since the National Service program began in 1993, 3,274 AmeriCorps participants have earned money for college while working in Michigan's schools, hospitals, neighborhoods or parks. [through 2/00]
- Tuition Tax Credits in Balanced Budget Open the Doors of College and Promote Lifelong Learning: The balanced budget included both President Clinton's $1,500 HOPE Scholarship to help make the first two years of college as universal as a high school diploma and a Lifetime Learning Tax Credit for college juniors, seniors, graduate students and working Americans pursuing lifelong learning to upgrade their skills. This 20% tax credit will be applied to the first $5,000 of tuition and fees through 2002 and to the first $10,000 thereafter. 226,000 students in Michigan will receive a HOPE Scholarship tax credit of up to $1,500. 277,000 students in Michigan will receive the Lifetime Learning Tax Credit. [fully phased-in FY2000 estimate]
- Expanded Job Training to Michigan's Dislocated Workers: President Clinton's FY 2001 budget would triple funding for the dislocated workers program over 1992 levels. Michigan received $21.6 million in 1999 to help 12,790 dislocated workers get the training and reemployment services they need to return to work as quickly as possible. In FY 2000, Michigan will receive over $22.1 million to provide job training for dislocated workers.
FIGHTING CRIME AND VIOLENCE
- Violent Crime Falls 21% in Michigan: Under the Clinton-Gore Administration, America has experienced the longest continuous drop in crime on record. Since 1992, serious crime in Michigan has fallen 9%. Violent crime and property crime have also declined 21% and 7% respectively. In Michigan's cities, between 1992 and 1997, serious crime, as indicated by the crime index, has declined 15% in Flint and 17% in Grand Rapids. In addition, murder has declined 21% in Detroit, with a 33% drop in robbery. In Flint, murder has dropped 63% with robbery declining 16%. [1992 and 1997 Uniform Crime Reports]
- Juvenile Arrests Down in Michigan: Michigan's juvenile murder arrests have decreased 47% between 1992 and 1997. [FBI, Uniform Crime Report, 1992 and 1997]
- 3,460 More Police: The President's 1994 Crime Bill has funded 3,460 new police officers to date in communities across Michigan. [through 1/01]
- Flint and Muskegon Will Receive Targeted Funding to Hire More Community Police: Flint and Muskegon were selected as pilot cities for the President's new effort to target high crime neighborhoods. The pilot program will provide full funding for new officers by waiving the usual matching requirements. Flint and Muskegon will deploy new officers to help meet the unique needs of their communities, such as combating gangs or targeting drug "hot spots."
- Reducing Crime with Drug Courts: Working to reduce drug-related crime in Michigan, the Clinton Administration has awarded Drug Court grants to the communities of Charlotte, Detroit, Kalamazoo and Eaton. The Administration had previously awarded grants to the Michigan communities of Mt. Clemens and Sault Ste. Marie. Drug courts use the coercive power of the criminal justice system to combine drug testing, sanctions, supervision and treatment to push nonviolent, drug-abusing offenders to stop using drugs and committing crimes.
- $48.9 Million to Combat Domestic Violence: Through the Violence Against Women Act, Michigan has received approximately $48.9 million in federal funds to establish more women's shelters and bolster law enforcement, prosecution and victims' services. And in October 1999, Michigan State University was awarded nearly $420,000 to help address sexual assault, domestic violence, and stalking on campus. [through 9/2000]
- $2.1 Million in Grants for Battered Women and Children: In FY99, Michigan received nearly $2.1 million in HHS's Family Violence Prevention Program grants to assist women and children fleeing domestic abuse.
- $16.2 Million to Keep Drugs & Violence Out of Michigan's Schools: Michigan receives $16.2 million in FY01 for the Safe & Drug Free Schools Program, which invests in school security and drug prevention programs.
MOVING MICHIGAN RESIDENTS FROM WELFARE TO WORK
- 441,735 Fewer People on Welfare: There are 441,735 fewer people on welfare in Michigan now than there were at the beginning of 1993 -- a 64% decrease. [through 6/99]
- Child Support Collections Up 47%: Child support collections have increased by more than $369 million—or 47% -- in Michigan since FY92. [through FY98]
- Encouraging Responsible Choices—Preventing Teen Pregnancy in Michigan: Since 1993, President Clinton and Vice President Gore have supported innovative and promising teen pregnancy prevention strategies, with significant components of the strategy becoming law in the 1996 Personal Responsibility Act. The law requires unmarried minor parents to stay in school and live at home or in a supervised setting; encourages "second chance homes" to provide teen parents with the skills and support they need; and provides $50 million a year in new funding for state abstinence education activities. Efforts are making a difference, adolescent pregnancy rates and teen abortion rates are declining. And between 1991 and 1997, teen birth rates declined 25.6% in Michigan.
- $86.4 Million for Michigan Welfare-to-Work: In 1998 and 1999, Michigan received a total of $81.6 million in Federal welfare-to-work state formula grants, helping Michigan welfare recipients get and keep jobs. In addition, $4.8 million in competitive grants were awarded to Michigan localities to support innovative welfare-to-work strategies and Native American tribes in Michigan received $733,000 in Federal funding. Part of the President's comprehensive efforts to move recipients from welfare to work, this funding was included in the $3 billion welfare to work fund in the 1997 Balanced Budget Act.
- Helping People Get to Work: Through the Access to Jobs initiative, the Clinton-Gore Administration is working with communities across the country to design transportation solutions to help welfare recipients and other low-income workers get to and from work. Statewide, Michigan has received $851,190 this year to fund innovative transit projects. In addition to this funding, Detroit has received $1.38 million for these transportation projects.
INVESTING IN MICHIGAN'S HEALTH
- Health Care for Over 26,600 Uninsured Michigan Children: In 1997, President Clinton passed the largest single investment in health care for children since 1965 -- an unprecedented $24 billion over five years to cover as many as five million children throughout the nation. This investment guarantees the full range of benefits that children need to grow up strong and healthy. Two million children nationwide have health care coverage thanks to the President's plan, including 26,652 in Michigan. [HHS, Health Care Financing Administration, FY99 SCHIP enrollment data]
- Helping Nearly 215,000 Michigan Women and Children with WIC: The Clinton Administration is committed to full funding in the Special Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC). In FY99, Michigan received $115.2 million in total WIC grant funding, helping 214,752 women, infants and children in need receive health and food assistance, 10,000 more than in 1994. [through 8/99]
- More Toddlers Are Being Immunized: As a result of the President's 1993 Childhood Immunization Initiative, childhood immunization rates have reached an historic high. According to the CDC, 90% or more of America's toddlers received the most critical doses of each of the routinely recommended vaccines in 1996, 1997, and again in 1998 —surpassing the President's 1993 goal. In Michigan in 1998, 92% of two-year olds received the vaccines for diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis; 90% received the vaccine for polio; 91% received the vaccine for measles, and 92% received the vaccine for Haemophilus influenzae B, the bacteria causing a form of meningitis.
- Funding for HIV/AIDS Assistance Programs: In FY 2000, Michigan will receive over $4 million in Ryan White Title II formula grants. This funding provides people living with HIV and AIDS medical and support services. Also through the Ryan White Act, Michigan will receive nearly $7.8 million for state AIDS Drug Assistance Programs (ADAPs), which help those without insurance obtain much needed prescription drugs. There has been a tenfold increase in ADAP funding in the last four years, up from $52 million in 1996 to $528 million in 2000. [HHS, Health Resources and Services Administration, 4/7/00]
- Tobacco Plan Will Cut Smoking and Premature Deaths by 34% in Michigan: The Clinton Administration's tobacco proposal, combined with the recently enacted state tobacco settlements, will cut youth smoking and resulting premature deaths 34% in Michigan by 2004. Between 2000 and 2004, 114,500 of Michigan's youth will be kept from smoking and 36,600 will be spared a premature tobacco-related death. [Treasury Dept., 2/99]
- 5,320,000 Americans in Michigan Cannot Be Assured They Have Patient Protections: Even if Michigan enacted all the protections in the Patients' Bill of Rights, 5,320,000 people in Michigan cannot be assured they have the comprehensive patient protections recommended by the President's Advisory Commission. This is because the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) may preempt state-enacted protections. That is why the President has called on Congress to pass a federally enforceable patients' bill of rights so that everyone enrolled in managed care may have a basic set of protections. Notably, 2,560,000 Michigan women are in ERISA health plans and are therefore not necessarily protected. Women are particularly vulnerable without these protections because they are greater users of health care services, they make three-quarters of the health care decisions for their families, and they have specific health care needs addressed by a patients' bill of rights.
PROTECTING THE ENVIRONMENT
- Brownfields -- Revitalizing Communities in Michigan:
part of the Clinton-Gore Administration's efforts to clean up Brownfields, the EPA has awarded grants to counties and communities in Michigan—Detroit, Flint, Saginaw, Kalamazoo, Ypsilanti, St. Joseph, Benton Harbor, Benton Charter Township, Chippewa County, Kinross Township, and Wayne County for environmental clean-up and economic revitalization. In addition, the Downriver Community Conference, including the communities of Monroe, Trenton, and Riverview, will benefit from a Brownfields grant. These projects are intended to jump-start local clean-up efforts by providing funds to return unproductive, abandoned, contaminated urban properties to productive use.
- 42 Toxic Waste Sites Cleaned Up: Since 1993, the EPA has completed 42 Superfund toxic waste cleanups in Michigan – more than any other state except Pennsylvania. This is more than five times the number of sites cleaned up in Michigan during the previous twelve years. [through 3/1/00]
- $22.8 Million in Safe Drinking Water Funding:
[FY00], thanks to President Clinton, Michigan will receive $22.8 million for the Drinking Water State Revolving Funds to provide low-interest loans to municipalities to build, improve, and prevent pollution of drinking water systems.
- Improving Water Quality in Michigan: Michigan is receiving $130 million through the USDA's Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program (CREP), as well as $35 million from non-federal sources, to help protect about 80,000 acres of fragile farmland and improve water quality improved in the connecting waterways between Lake Huron and Lake Erie. CREP is a new voluntary initiative where the Agriculture Department partners with State governments and local interests to address local environmental problems related to agriculture.
CARING FOR OUR VETERANS
- Invested More Than $1 Billion in Michigan's Veterans: President Clinton and Vice President Gore are committed to caring for Michigan's 949,000 veterans. The Veterans Administration invested more than $1 billion in Michigan in 1999 alone. In 1999, 83,821 Michigan veterans received disability compensation or pension payments, nearly 8,500 went to college on the GI Bill, and 9,148 bought a home using VA loan guarantees.
- Providing Health Care for Michigan's Veterans: Since 1993, the VA health system has increased the number of patients treated every year by over 29 percent; treated 83 percent more homeless patients; organized approximately 1,300 sites of care delivery under 22 Veterans Integrated Service Networks; and established more than 250 new community-based outpatient clinics. In Michigan, the VA operates major medical centers at Ann Arbor, Battle Creek, Detroit, Saginaw and Iron Mountain, as well as community based outpatient clinics operate in Gaylord, Yale, Muskegon, Lansing, Traverse City, Jackson, Marquette, Sault St. Marie, Hancock, Rhinelander, Menominee and Ironwood and Grand Rapids. In 1999, 86,000 veterans received health care in Michigan's VA facilities.
SPEARHEADING URBAN RENEWAL EFFORTS
- Revitalizing Michigan's Communities: Detroit was designated an Empowerment Zone in December, 1994 and was awarded $100 million to create more jobs, housing, and economic opportunity. Similarly in 1994, Muskegon, Flint, and Lake County were each named Enterprise Communities. In 1999, Harrison was designated a Rural Enterprise Community.
- Expanding the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Will Help Develop 5,600 To 6,700 New Affordable Housing Units in Michigan Over the Next 5 years: Last year, the President and Vice President pushed for a 40-percent expansion in the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit. This year, the President and Vice President will try again to enact tax incentives to develop affordable housing. In Michigan alone, this proposal would mean an additional 5,600 - 6,700 quality rental housing units for low-income American families during the next five years.
PROVIDING DISASTER RELIEF
- $112.4 Million in Federal Emergency Assistance: Since 1993, Michigan has received $112.4 million in disaster relief. This includes $32 million in aid to the damage caused by severe storms and straight line winds in 1998. [FEMA, 2/29/00]
EXPANDING FUNDS FOR TRANSPORTATION IMPROVEMENT
- Over $2.4 Billion in Federal Highway Aid: Since 1993, Michigan has received over $2.4 billion in federal highway aid, including $600,000 for emergency relief in response to natural disasters and $200,000 for scenic byways. These funds have helped generate 101,122 jobs. [through FY99]
- Over $362.8 Million in Aviation Funds: From FY93-FY99 Michigan received over $362.8 million in Airport Improvement Program funds to help build and renovate airports, and, when necessary, to provide funds for noise abatement to improve the quality of life for residents who live near airports.
- Over $531.9 Million in Transit Funds: Michigan has received over $531.9 million in Federal Transit funds since 1993 to support mass transportation in Michigan. The funds have been used to replace and repair the state's bus system and upgrade facilities.
- Saving Lives and Property: In 1999, the United States Coast Guard saved 99 lives and over $25.5 million of property in Michigan.