THE WHITE HOUSE
Office of the Press Secretary
(Shanghai, People's Republic of China)
For Immediate Release
June 30, 1998
PRESS BRIEFING BY
PRESS SECRETARY MIKE MCCURRY,
SECRETARY OF COMMERCE WILLIAM DALEY,
AND SPECIAL ASSISTANT TO THE PRESIDENT FOR
INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC POLICY LAEL BRAINARD
Portman Ritz Carlton
Shanghai, People's Republic of China
5:1 P.M. (L)
MR. MCCURRY: I really don't have a whole lot that I am
here. I'm stalling until Secretary of Commerce Bill Daley, and Lael
from the National Economic Council staff, come to tell you a little bit
about the context of the President's visit to Shanghai, what it says about
some of our efforts to promote economic cooperation between the People's
Republic and the United States, and the window that Shanghai is into the
possible future for China as you see around you the enormous results of the
economic change that is occurring here in South China.
So they'll be talking about that, talking a little bit
the importance of the President's visit tomorrow with young entrepreneurs
some of the other elements of the schedule. So, for the wires in the
they will set up tomorrow for you pretty well. And I can just do clean-up
anything else that you need.
Q There are a lot of holes in tomorrow's schedule. The
whole afternoon is open, the whole evening is open. Can you fill that in
MR. MCCURRY: Not -- as I said, a lot of time tomorrow
afternoon, and there are a couple of different possibilities of things he
might do. Most of it will be consistent with some of the touring he's been
doing, but we are looking at perhaps an opportunity to do some more
to the Chinese people. We'll alert you to that if we nail it down.
Q Tomorrow night?
MR. MCCURRY: Tomorrow night? I don't have any
indication of a plan yet for tomorrow night.
Q Can you give us your own personal or the
President's comparison of talk radio between the United States
and what he did here?
MR. MCCURRY: I think he enjoyed it, and I think the
questions -- they tended to be curious about Bill Clinton as a
person, as you could tell from some of the people who dialed in.
And that most likely is because there's not the same level of
attention to the personal side of leadership here in China that
there is in the United States. So obvious questions that an
American audience would know the answer to might be of somewhat
greater interest here. But you could see a range of questions
from people who clearly enjoy the opportunity to question leaders
about issues that are central in their own lives.
And with that respect, talk radio or emerging talk
radio in China is very similar to talk radio in the United States
-- that there's a high degree of interest in things that
substantively impact the lives of average citizens. Now, that
said, as all of you know, some venues of talk radio in the United
States are much more prone to political discourse and political
combat. I don't think that they've reached that point yet here
in China and maybe that's to their benefit.
Q Mike, were there any agreements on screening
the callers as to the nature of the questions that would be put
MR. MCCURRY: No, we asked only that they follow
what their normal practice is and try to encourage as diverse a
possible range of questions that would be appropriate for the
President. But we didn't put any restrictures on the
questioning. And I'm not -- as far as I know, the station and
the program conducted their call-ins the way they normally do.
Q Mike, just to follow, do you know if the
callers are required some way to identify themselves so they can
be later identified?
MR. MCCURRY: You'd really have to pose that
question to the station. I don't know the answer to that. They
obviously were referring to people by name as they called in, so
they had some idea of who they were.
Q Mike, what effect do you think this commitment
statement of the three no's by the President will now have on the
cross-straits dialogue? What do you hope that will achieve?
MR. MCCURRY: Well, I don't know that it has great
significance because it's merely a reiteration of longstanding
U.S. policy that had previously been reiterated by the Secretary
of State and by the National Security Advisor. The President
himself had indicated prior to coming here that he would reaffirm
longstanding U.S. policy, and he did so. And I believe that
during the course of this visit we've made it clear both publicly
and privately that we hope the people of Taiwan and the people of
the People's Republic find an amicable resolution to the question
of Taiwan. And that obviously would be a useful outcome of a
Q Was there any particular reason why he stated
the three no's here rather than in Beijing? He had a couple of
opportunities when he was specifically asked about Taiwan back in
Beijing and he didn't --
MR. MCCURRY: I think no particular reason. He knew
he would have some opportunity to do it and the opportunity arose
Q Mike, is there any reason the President didn't
challenge the comment of Mr. Wu: "I think the importance of such
relations will overpass that of U.S.-Japan relations. I'm
optimistic about that"? That was at the end of the question.
The President then gave a Taiwan answer.
MR. MCCURRY: The President has in other settings
addressed that question. This is not devil-take-the-hindmost in
Asia-U.S. diplomacy; this is about building more constructive,
useful relationships throughout this region. Our interests in
this region, particularly with respect to security, are defined
by our alliances with our five longtime and closest treaty
partners in Asia, and that's the bedrock foundation of American
presence and policy in Asia. That's the longstanding view of the
Q Has the U.S. written -- given any written
commitment to the three no's?
MR. MCCURRY: None that I'm aware of. There are,
obviously, the three communiques and the Taiwan Relations Act and
Q Mike, Mr. Wu was not originally planned to
attend this discussion meeting. Originally, it was that Mr.
Chen, the expert on the Internet, who was invited to speak. But
we learned from him that he was bumped this morning when he got
MR. MCCURRY: I don't know the answer to that. I'll
have to look into that and see if I can get an answer.
Q -- said that he just took the opportunity of
reiterating the three no's today. In fact, he had an opportunity
at Beijing University, when somebody asked specifically about
MR. MCCURRY: You're correct. I should have pointed
out that at Beijing University yesterday he obviously said the
same thing and reaffirmed U.S. policy towards Taiwan -- you're
Q -- no big deal, but you must know the Taiwanese
are treating it like an enormous deal and some of them are very
MR. MCCURRY: I don't know why they would be upset
at a reiteration and restatement of longstanding United States
policy that they're well familiar with.
Q Because a U.S. President has never said that
MR. MCCURRY: Well, administrations have said that.
The Secretary of State has said that recently. The National
Security Advisor has said it. I don't think it's a surprise the
President would reiterate longstanding policy.
Q Mike, the point is that the President of the
United States -- it's the first time that he has said it, not an
official, not a lower ranking guy, right? And don't the Chinese
place a lot of importance on that?
MR. MCCURRY: Whoever chooses to attach special
significance to that will. We understand that.
Q What did he mean when he said "statehood" in
that three no's clause -- and the U.S. is a state, Taiwan is kind
of like a province, but now the Chinese use the word sovereign
MR. MCCURRY: I think he meant in the sense of
sovereign nation. I think we're being a little exegetical here.
Q We're being what?
MR. MCCURRY: Exegetical. It's a tendency to look
for illumination in text.
Q Was there any conscious decision for the
President to make the statement here in Shanghai instead of
MR. MCCURRY: I think there was some -- as I told
many of you, some likelihood that he would find some opportunity
during the course of the trip and it happened here in Shanghai.
Okay. I don't have anything to add on that subject.
Q Has the President or administration officials
raised this --
MR. MCCURRY: We, at a variety of levels, are
working that issue. I'm not aware that the President himself has
raised it yet. But we certainly are well aware of the issue and
hope that the people of new York have an opportunity to benefit
from the rich culture that China has to offer the world.
Q Why didn't the President have anything to say
when the bishop stated his view about repression of religious
Catholics here in the country? It seems that his view is more
optimistic than the U.S. government's view.
MR. MCCURRY: Well, the President obviously has
concerns and has spoken directly to them and is aware that there
are others who don't share the Bishop's optimistic outlook. But
the President also believes that having been incarcerated for 27
years, the bishop is entitled to state whatever view he has on
Q Does that include his wonderment, the bishop's
wonderment -- "I don't quite understand why those people should
do this kind of thing," talking about underground religious
activities. The President understands why they do it, doesn't
MR. MCCURRY: Oh, I think the President has already
addressed that when he's talked about the importance we attach to
the ability to freely express one's religious faith without
interference by government. And we're well aware of the concerns
of those in China who believe that sometimes there are fetters
placed on the practice of religion and the expression of
religious faith. And we take those concerns seriously.
Q Mike, what's the status of the Guilin visit?
There were heavy rains or something. Is it still on?
MR. MCCURRY: Our advance team reports that there
have been very heavy rains and obviously a lot of flood damage,
but that the community still is excited about the President
coming and that the effects of the flooding from the last several
days seem to be subsiding, and that should not at this point pose
any interference. But they will keep an eye on it.
Q The boat ride is on as well?
MR. MCCURRY: I don't know what adjustments they're
making given the flooding that's occurred there. But it's
obviously extensive flooding; it's been some of the worst that
they've had in 50 years. I think four people have lost their
lives and a number of people are homeless.
Q Mike, in the hours and days since the two
televised press conferences and the speech at the university,
what kind of reaction or ramifications have you detected seeing
as a result of those two telecasts?
MR. MCCURRY: I think we had some of our -- you mean
here in China? Well, we spoke yesterday to that, or some of our
top China folks tried to assess it. And I think it's a little
bit early for us to make any preliminary conclusions on what the
impact of those events are. I think they are extraordinary in
that clearly that type of thing has not happened before.
Anecdotally, we do believe that it has triggered some type of
discussion within the body politic of China. But that is good in
and of itself.
Where it leads or what it amounts to or what
additional things might happen as a result of that type of
opening is something that's not entirely clear to us. Maybe it's
not even clear to the Chinese authorities themselves. But it was
clearly a useful thing for the people of China to have exposure
to the views of the President of the United States. It was
welcomed by the President and by our delegation. And we hope it
signals some reconsideration of the degree to which this has been
a very closed political culture. We hope so. We have no way of
knowing whether it will be. But having made a conscious decision
to be that open, it sometimes becomes hard to reverse decisions
like that. So, hopefully, that will be something that will
Q In the pool report you were quoted as saying
something to the effect -- I don't want to misquote you -- that
as a result of this gesture by the Chinese, the U.S. has to be
very careful or go out of its way to reward them, to pay them
MR. MCCURRY: No, no, no. That's not what I said
and I want you to go back and look at that carefully. I said
that there is some risk associated with the openness that
President Jiang Zemin has allowed. And we recognize that and we
obviously want to encourage openness and spirited public debate
and find the right ways to do that and reward that type of
openness. And there's a lot of different ways that that could
Q What did you mean by, reward that kind of open
MR. MCCURRY: Well, to try to provide momentum for
it, to try to encourage more discussion like it, to try to
encourage progress on other fronts and to recognize that project
as it achieves, clearly.
Q -- after that also about minimizing the
opportunity for those who may not agree with his decision --
MR. MCCURRY: That's correct. We understand, too,
that that's a very complicated political dynamic that exists in
this country and that there are no doubt within the ruling elite
people who question some of the decisions that have been made
associated with the President's trip, and that, as in any
political environment, people will look to try to calculate their
own opportunities. And so we obviously want to try to help the
good guys as much as we can.
Q -- is there some U.S. official going to Taiwan
to brief going to Taiwan to brief --
MR. MCCURRY: Yes, he addressed yesterday that,
consistent with our informal, unofficial relations, Mr. Bush, who
is head of our coordination office, would provide a briefing at
an appropriate point.
Q On another subject, do you think Ken Starr
should have put off Linda Tripp's testimony to --
MR. MCCURRY: I don't know enough about his inquiry
to know what decisions he's made with respect to timing and what
factors went into it. So I don't have any comment.
Q How do you think that it would impact the
investigation and this trip?
MR. MCCURRY: I have no way of speculating on that.
It hasn't had any impact on our work here.
Q In his two private occasions, tonight and
tomorrow, is the gentleman, Mr. Wang Dao Han being invited? The
last time Tony Lake tried to meet with him, I guess due to the
weather he was not able to fly from Beijing to Shanghai. So will
this time Mr. President himself or the senior staff going to meet
MR. MCCURRY: I don't know the answer to that. I am
not aware of any plans for that. His work is, of course, widely
known in our government. Both his radio program and his
newsletter are considered good, authoritative sources of
information on the condition of workers in South China. But I'm
not aware at this point of any plans for anyone in our delegation
to see him.
Q Mike, did that flag and the documents, the
Declaration of Independence and the Constitution, get presented
to the Chinese officials?
MR. MCCURRY: My understanding is that, as I
indicated to you, that they were presented by our staff as they
did the official exchange of gifts. I have to confess I never
did track down what was exactly exchanged. I don't think we --
unless we put that out and I didn't know about it, I'd have to go
find that out.
Q Could you take that question?
MR. MCCURRY: Yes.
Q And see if there was any response from the
Chinese officials to that particular set of gifts.
MR. MCCURRY: I will.
Secretary of Commerce, William Daley, who we're
delighted to have with us as part of this delegation, who has
been busy promoting economic opportunity for the citizens of the
United States of America, is here and present with us. And it's
an honor, sir, to have you here. Thanks.
SECRETARY DALEY: Thanks, Mike.
Let me just for a few minutes make a couple of
remarks and then obviously open it up.
This is a very multifaceted trip by the President,
lots of issues that he has been dealing with. Obviously, the
commercial relationship between the United States and China is
important, it is important to our economy. We have seen
tremendous opportunities come about for U.S. businesses in China
The growth of investment in China is enormous. Shanghai, I
think, as a city -- if you look you see the new China and a
different China from the other visits to parts of the country
that we've gone to.
We've had numerous successes in this trip. I think
one of the most, for me, rewarding visits was to visit a brand
new hospital that opened in Beijing. It was the first majority
privately-owned hospital opened in China by women-owned business.
The name of the company was Chindex, small company opened a
24-room hospital to bring American-type patient service to China.
It's a small hospital, but I think it symbolizes a changing China
and new opportunities for American businesses. We are all well
aware of the large investments that have been made in China and
we are also well aware of the market access issues that we've
talked about repeatedly.
And I have, as I've been here meeting with U.S.
business representatives, been made once again well aware of the
lack of opportunities in many ways for American businesses. But
at the same time, every one of the businesses I spoke to,
business leaders have indicated strongly that they believe that
there is a change that has occurred over the last two years and
it is extremely positive. We see opportunities in the aviation
sector, as the aviation infrastructure is improved in China there
will be tremendous opportunities for U.S. businesses. In the
housing arena also, as they begin to privatize.
Probably the most important sector, of course, is
the infrastructure of China which needs to expand and grow --
whether it's bridges, power -- power development, bridges, roads,
airports, a whole host of areas. I will be leading as the
President announced in his list of items of this trip an
infrastructure development mission early in 1999 of U.S.
businesses and a number of federal agencies along with that trip,
to look for opportunities for U.S. businesses to participate in
this growing infrastructure of China.
So we feel very positive about the commercial
developments in this trip, look forward to the visit tomorrow of
the President to the exchange and his speech tomorrow before the
Chamber here in Shanghai.
So I would open it up at this point to any questions
which you may have.
Q What kinds of themes do you expect the
President to touch on?
SECRETARY DALEY: I think Mike's going to brief on
the speech tomorrow, to be honest with you. Or someone else is.
I know he said I was, and I told him when he asked me if I was
going to brief on it I said, if I do, it will be a very short
Q As a result of this trip are the Chinese any
closer to membership in the WTO?
SECRETARY DALEY: I would hope so. I think both
Presidents statements on Saturday about their strong commitment
to it -- but what has been said repeatedly by us, by Ambassador
Barshefsky, by the President, is that it must be on commercially
meaningful terms. It is not a political decision, it is a
Q -- progress made as a result of this trip?
SECRETARY DALEY: I think the progress was made
right before the trip in the negotiations between the Ambassador
Barshefsky and the MOFTEC people. There was progress made there
and I think it was substantial.
Q Can you tell us what the obstacles are? Can
you elaborate a little bit more on that, please?
SECRETARY DALEY: There's a whole host of them that
I know the Ambassador has elaborated on. They relate to market
access and the market must be open more. The offers that have
been put forward just aren't sufficient at this point to allow us
to move forward.
Q Mr. Secretary, that's not just a U.S. decision,
is it? Are there other countries involved in seeking --
SECRETARY DALEY: Yes, and they have the same
concerns -- the European Union has the same concerns about the
openness of this market. So it's not a deal that's done with the
United States alone -- obviously, we're an important player but
it's not --
Q Would there still be a European --
SECRETARY DALEY: It could be. The odds are if the
U.S. comes to terms then most of the world will be with us. But
the bottom line is they also have to move.
Q Could you describe for us how the satellite
controversy back in the states affected either the tone or the
outcome of any of your talks?
SECRETARY DALEY: No one mentioned it to me in any
of our discussions at all. I don't think it had much of an
impact, to be frank with you, with the people that we've talked
to you, whether the governmental or it's not been raised by any
of the businesspeople, U.S. businesspeople that I've talked to.
Q You yourself and the President also mentioned
that the skyrocketing U.S. trade deficit to China was
unacceptable. Do you find anything that can make it acceptable
now, or is there any concrete commitment made by the Chinese side
that we would be able to see the shrinking of the deficit?
SECRETARY DALEY: I think there has been an
acknowledgement that they understand that this has the potential
to be a political issue, and that we do have a disagreement over
the amount of the deficit. They believe it's much smaller than
our figures. But the bottom line is, our exports have not grown
anywhere near the degree that their exports to the United States
have. But as far as concrete steps that have been taken in the
last five days, no.
Q Mr. Secretary, do you think that you've seen
any progress in terms of the President's engagement policy
politically over the past few days, with the discussions on human
rights, his live telecasts, and so forth, very friendly meeting
on Saturday. Do you think that any of the warming of the
political side of the relationship will have some fungibility
when it comes to the commercial side and spark them to be more
compromising on market access questions?
SECRETARY DALEY: I think it will, and I'll base
that primarily on the comments of the U.S. businesspeople that
we've met with. They feel that this trip and the tone that the
President has set, and obviously the fact that he went through
with the trip after some criticism at home, was an incredibly
important thing for them and for the opportunities that they see
We, in the commercial service operation department
of Commerce, have a whole list of projects that we advocate on
day in and day out in China. And most of the people who we
advocate on behalf of that we've talked to feel that this trip
will give them a substantial boost in their discussions as we go
forward. So I think it does go a long way in helping with the
commercial relationship and the opportunities for American
Q Why didn't you bring any business leaders with
you? Why no business delegation?
SECRETARY DALEY: Well, I think the only pure
business delegation that was ever taken on a presidential trip
was when President Bush went to Japan with three auto-making --
auto manufacturer CEOs. There's been some business people on
other trips, but I think the decision was to keep this strictly
Q You took businessmen to Africa.
SECRETARY DALEY: A couple of businesspeople as part
of a much larger delegation. Not just businesspeople, but a
whole host of different -- people from different arenas,
including Congress. But it was not -- there was never, in any of
the discussions that I've had discussed as far as a business
trip, many months ago, even when this trip was first talked
Q There was a lot of anticipation here that the
President might visit an American plant or factory, such as the
GM plant or Motorola, and there were a lot of talks about that.
Has anything like that been scheduled, and if not, why not? It
seems like a good way to show how Americans are engaging here.
SECRETARY DALEY: No, I think -- a lot of the
companies talked about trying to get the President to do a whole
host of things, visit their plants, visit schools that they
support, and a whole host of them. But I never was involved in
any discussions about him coming out, but a lot of businesses
were trying to get him out to them.
I think that the message that the President has
delivered, basically relating back to the question that was asked
a few minutes ago, of greater cooperation is the most important
thing that could happen in this and the symbolic visit to a U.S.
business here would just, in my opinion, be nowhere near the
impact -- positive impact for U.S. businesses that the overall
message of engagement has been for them.
Q As a result of the end-use site visits, are
there any licenses in the pipeline that would now be approved,
any specifics you can tell us about?
SECRETARY DALEY: Well, I think that's a framework.
A lot has to be developed, to be frank with you, exactly how we
move forward as far as end-use visits are concerned. But it's
the first time in 13 years that the Chinese government -- the
U.S. government's been pushing to try to get a discussion about
end-use. We finally got a framework to move forward, on a
case-by-case basis, look at the opportunity to have visits. So I
think it's important as a start, but there's a long way to go in
trying to get that.
Q Do you anticipate that Commerce is going to
have to hire more people to make these visits, or do you have --
SECRETARY DALEY: No, not at this point we don't.
We have plenty of people.
MR. TOIV: Lael is going to get up now and give you
a little idea of what we're doing tomorrow.
MS. BRAINARD: Hi. The President is going to spend
a lot of tomorrow focusing on the economic reforms and economic
dynamism in China and the related commercial opportunities and
commercial ties that are growing between our two countries. This
is something that Shanghai provides a fairly unique opportunity
to do. I hope all of you have had a chance to wander around
Shanghai has been at the forefront of China's
economic reforms. It has frequently been the test city for a lot
of reforms that have been introduced then on to the national
scene in China. And so this is a sort of unique opportunity for
him to talk about the economic reforms and how they're changing
ordinary citizens' lives in China, how they're creating
opportunities for American businesses, and also how they are
creating challenges that all of us face in our own economies, but
in China in particularly noticeable ways. It will also give him
an opportunity to wander around and to see some of those reforms
having an effect on people's lives.
In the morning he will give a set of remarks at the
AM-CHAM. And there I think he'll want to focus a little bit more
than he has in his previous remarks on the economic
transformation that is really sweeping the landscape in China;
talk about how American businesses have been part of that, the
kinds of opportunities that are created for American business,
but also very much the challenges that are faced by Chinese
people who are changing their jobs, leaving state-owned
enterprises, facing the private job market for the first time,
trying to start their own businesses, owning their own companies,
And he'll also want to talk a little bit about, I
would imagine, the sort of financial -- the broader financial
context that China is facing, which he has discussed with both
President Jiang and Premier Zhu when he was in Beijing.
And then in terms of the day --
Q What is AM-CHAM?
MS. BRAINARD: The American Chamber of Commerce in
Shanghai, sorry. He'll be giving his remarks at the American
Chamber in Shanghai, which I believe is the fastest growing
American Chamber in all of Asia, which tells you something about
In terms of the other things that he will be doing
over the course of the day, he'll probably stop by to see the
Shanghai Stock Exchange for himself. As those of you who have
seen it will know, it's really very modern. I believe it is the
first of two stock exchanges in all of China, and obviously it's
a real symbolism of the capitalist transformation of the economy.
He will also visit with a number of entrepreneurs
who represent the different types of Chinese citizens who are
starting to own and run their own businesses -- from people who
have been laid off from state enterprises to members of the
younger generation who have really aspired from day one to go
into the private sector. So it will be an opportunity for him to
ask how they view the economic environment and what kinds of
impediments they face in starting businesses, et cetera.
He will also spend some time at a housing
development, a fairly new housing development where he will meet
with a Chinese family that is purchasing or has purchased its own
home for the first time. The housing sector is undergoing really
a fundamental transformation in China as well. This is one of
the reforms that Premier Zhu has pointed to as something that he
really wants to see undertaken starting this year. And I believe
July 1 is an important date, that on that date work units, which
are the traditional source of housing, subsidized rental housing,
will phase out subsidized rental housing over time and mortgages
will become more available to ordinary Chinese, so that, for the
first time a lot of Chinese families will be able to choose where
they want to live of right track first time and obviously that
will free them up to look for the best economic opportunity, as
So that's quite a dramatic change, but obviously
it's going to play out over a long time horizon. So I think
those are all the pieces of his day tomorrow. If anybody has any
questions on any of them I'd be happy to answer.
Q What about the speech, the themes of his
MS. BRAINARD: The themes of his speech, I think
he'll be talking about how China's economic reforms have changed
the lives of ordinary citizens, expanding the kinds of personal
freedoms that they have, the kinds of opportunities that has
created for American businesses, the kind of challenges American
businesses still face selling into the Chinese market -- which is
something that he also raised in his government meetings in
Beijing and which are an ongoing source of concern to our private
sector -- and talking a little bit about the reform challenges
Q Can you give us some figures? Do you have any
numbers on how much has been invested in the real estate here in
Shanghai and how important it is for the general development of
the economy in China and whether America can count on that so
that the Chinese economy can start to develop and help out,
MS. BRAINARD: I, unfortunately, don't have numbers
on the housing market in Shanghai. We could perhaps try to get
some for you. I have seen a variety of estimates of how much
stimulus the housing reforms would provide to the Chinese
economy. But we don't have any analyses of those ourselves. I
think they're sort of the ones that you will have seen in
articles that are readily accessible to you. I haven't seen any
independent economic analyses of those.
Q You mentioned he'll say something about reform
challenges ahead. What are some of those?
MS. BRAINARD: Well, I think China is in the midst
of a quite fundamental transformation. Obviously the economy has
changed massively in the last two decades. But they still have a
long way to go in terms of reforming the state owned enterprises,
restructuring the financial system -- the obvious kinds of
things, creating a social safety net that is independent of the
state owned enterprises.
Q The current Japanese recession-depression
started with the real estate bubble. Shanghai is the epitome of
a different kind but nonetheless a big real estate problem for
China with all this over building, these huge vacancy rates here
especially. In your discussions here do you guys have any sense
of how big a problem this is -- have a better idea and is this
likely to trip up China's growth?
MS. BRAINARD: I don't have any sort of independent
sources on that issue. I think we obviously have had real estate
and financial problems in the past. I think loads of economies
have experienced them. And one of the things that we are doing
with the Chinese that is significant is we are trying to engage
them on a variety of different areas where we might provide
technical assistance based on our past experiences and expertise,
among which is included the banking system.
Q Thank you.