PRESIDENT CLINTON AND VICE PRESIDENT GORE:
PROGRESS ON AMERICA?S PRIORITIES
December 15, 2000
The budget is a victory for President Clinton and Vice President Gore?s
stand for fiscal discipline. By balancing competing needs and maintaining
fiscal discipline, the Fiscal Year 2001 budget continues the successful
strategy that has fostered the longest economic expansion in the nation's
history. America can stay on course to pay off the debt held by the public
by 2012 for the first time since Andrew Jackson was president.
? The National Debt Quadrupled between 1981 and 1992. Between 1981 and
1992, the debt held by the public quadrupled. When President Clinton took
office in 1992, the budget deficit was $290 billion. In 1992, the deficit
was projected to grow to more than $455 billion by 2000.
? President Clinton?s Tough Choices Led to Largest Surplus Ever. As a
result of the tough and sometimes unpopular choices made by President
Clinton?including the deficit reduction legislation of 1993 and 1997?we
have seen eight consecutive years of fiscal improvement for the first time
in America?s history. Last year, the federal government has a unified
surplus of $237 billion, the largest ever. Federal spending as a share of
the economy is the lowest since 1966.
? America Has Paid Down $363 Billion in Debt Held by the Public over the
Last Three Years, the Largest Debt Pay-Down Ever. The debt at the end of
FY 2000 was $2.4 trillion lower than it was projected to be in the last
forecast before the President's program was put in place. Under the
President's budget, publicly held debt can be eliminated by 2012. This
achievement has kept interest rates down and confidence and investment up,
contributing to the strongest American economy in generations.
? The Solvency of Social Security and Medicare Has Been Extended. In
his 1998 and 1999 State of the Union addresses, President Clinton called on
the nation to save the surplus until the solvency of Social Security is
assured, leading to a bipartisan consensus on saving the surplus and paying
down the debt. When President Clinton took office, Medicare was expected to
become insolvent in 1999, then only six years away. The 1993 deficit
reduction act dedicated some of the taxes paid by Social Security
beneficiaries to the Medicare Trust Fund and extended the life of Medicare
by three years to 2002. Thanks to additional provisions to combat waste,
fraud and abuse and bipartisan cooperation in the 1997 balanced budget
agreement, Medicare is now expected to remain solvent until 2025.
? The President Stopped Republican Attempts to Reverse this Fiscal
Discipline. The Republican Congress?s policies would have threatened the
nation?s fiscal discipline. According to Congress' own calculations, the
tax cuts House Republicans passed this year would have cost $734 billion
over 10 years, which with interest would have drained over $900 billion
from the surplus. The tax cuts passed this year and those endorsed for
next year by the Republican Party would drain over $2 trillion, more than
the entire budget surplus (projected to be $1.8 trillion). Twice this
year, President Clinton vetoed tax legislation to maintain our fiscal
discipline and prevent American from being plunged back into deficits.
? Debt Reduction Benefits the Economy and American Families. The lower
? Keeps investment and growth strong. With the government no longer
draining resources from capital markets, interest rates are lower and
businesses have more funds for productive investment. Paying off the debt
will continue to help fuel investment and productivity growth while
increasing productive capacity and restraining inflation.
? Saves money for families. Because of the deficit and debt reduction
we have already done, a typical family can expect to save $2,000 a year on
their home mortgage.
? Saves money for taxpayers. Currently we spend 12 cents of every
federal dollar on net interest payments. These payments, which were once
projected to grow to 25 percent of all federal spending in 2012, can be
completely eliminated by following the President's plan.
? Prepares for retiring baby boomers. By paying off the debt,
eliminating interest payments, and dedicating the resulting benefits to
extending Medicare and Social Security solvency, debt reduction can free up
funds for investment and boost workers' productivity and incomes and help
the nation prepare for the challenge of the retiring baby boomers.
EDUCATION AND TRAINING
Over the past eight years, President Clinton and Vice President Gore have
invested more in our schools and demanded more from them. The
implementation of this approach has helped test scores rise. SAT and ACT
scores have also risen in the 1990s and are now at the highest level in a
quarter of a century, even as more minority, low-income, and limited
English proficient students take these tests. More students than ever
before are graduating from high school and enrolling in college. This
year, President Clinton and Vice President Gore again delivered on their
ambitious education agenda.
? Building and Modernizing Schools. An estimated 3.5 million students
attend schools that need extensive repair or replacement. Research shows
that the physical structure of the school building directly affects the
ability of students to learn. President Clinton fought for a federal
investment in our schools because all students deserve a safe, healthy, and
modern place to learn. The final budget includes:
? $1.2 Billion for Urgent Repairs. The final budget includes a $1.2
billion initiative for emergency school renovation, based on the proposal
in President Clinton?s budget. The Republican budget did not provide
dedicated funding for school renovation. The initiative will help schools
make much-needed repairs, such as roofs, heating and cooling systems, and
electrical wiring. The assistance would be targeted to high-need districts
and includes $75 million for public schools with high concentrations of
Native American students. Up to one-fourth of the funds could be used for
special education and technology.
? Native American Schools. President Clinton has won $293 million?a
$160 million increase and more than double last year?s level of $133
million?to replace and repair BIA-funded schools on reservations. This is
the largest investment ever in a single year for BIA school construction
and repair. These schools have an $800 million backlog in health, safety,
and other critical needs.
? Ensuring More High-Quality Teachers for Smaller Classes. The final
budget provides a $323 million increase to improve educational results by
reducing class size in the early grades to 18 or below with well-qualified
teachers in the early grades. These resources will keep us on the path to
our goal of hiring 100,000 high-quality teachers across the country by
? Increasing the Number of Children in After-School. The final budget
provides a $392 million increase for 21st Century Community Learning
Centers, nearly doubling funding to $846 million. This initiative will
provide more high-quality extended learning opportunities for 1.3 million
children, offering a safe place for ?latch-key? children to learn in the
? Strengthening Accountability for Fixing Failing Schools. The budget
provides $225 million?a $91 million increase?to accelerate efforts by
states and school districts to improve accountability and turn around
failing schools. These resources will help states and districts invest in
proven reforms, such as research-based curricula, professional development
and smaller classes, to fix failing schools.
? Strengthening Teacher Quality. The budget provides an increase of
almost $200 million to enhance teacher quality and make progress towards
ensuring a qualified teacher in every classroom. The agreement includes:
$485 million for Eisenhower Professional Development Grants to promote
professional development along with school and classroom-based improvements
linked to state standards and assessments; $45 million to help states align
teaching with their accountability systems under Title I; $30 million to
help recruit talented mid-career professionals and college graduates into
teaching while retaining more good teachers with mentoring and other
supports; and $15 million to train early childhood educators and caregivers
in advancing children?s language and literacy skills to help prevent later
difficulties in learning and reading.
? Expanding College Opportunity. More and higher quality education is
more important to economic opportunity than ever before. The final budget
includes key elements of the President?s request for a $1 billion boost in
investments to make college more affordable for economically disadvantaged
? Largest Maximum Pell Grant Award Ever. Pell scholarships for needy
students are the foundation of student aid. The final budget provides $8.8
billion for Pell Grants, increasing the maximum Pell Grant award from
$3,300 last year to $3,750. The maximum award has increased by 63 percent
since President Clinton and Vice President Gore took office in 1993, when
it was $2,300. The final budget also includes the President?s requested
$60 million increase for Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants, the
largest increase in a decade.
? Support for One Million Students To Work Their Way Through College.
The final budget includes the President?s request for $1 billion for
Federal Work-Study to meet his commitment to allowing one million students
the opportunity to earn money for college through part-time work.
? Early Intervention to Help Disadvantaged Students Prepare for College.
House Republicans proposed to freeze the President?s GEAR UP college
preparation initiative for low-income students at $200 million, a level
that would have forced existing GEAR UP programs to scrap plans to help
250,000 new disadvantaged 6th and 7th graders. The final budget provides
$295 million for GEAR UP, supporting state projects and partnerships of
colleges, high-poverty schools, and community organizations, to help 1.2
million students aspire to and prepare for college starting in the 7th
? TRIO and Key Elements of College Completion Challenge Grants. This
year, President Clinton?s budget included the largest one-year ever
requested by any President. The final budget funds TRIO at $730 million?a
$85 million increase, the second largest ever?to help motivate and prepare
765,000 low-income and first-generation-college students to go to and stay
in college. In addition, the budget includes key elements of the
President?s College Completion Challenge Grants proposal to provide
additional scholarships, support services, and summer programs to help more
at-risk youth succeed in college.
? Strengthening the Hispanic Education Action Plan. The budget includes
over $1 billion in increases to programs that help Latino students succeed,
including a $660 million increase for Title I grants to school districts; a
$91 million increase for Adult Education, including $70 million for English
Literacy/Civics; an additional $48 million for Bilingual Education; an $85
million increase for TRIO and a $95 million increase for GEAR UP; and an $8
million increase for the High School Equivalency and College Assistance
? Creating Smaller, Safer and More Successful High Schools. The budget
provides $125 million, an $80 million increase, to help create smaller and
more supportive learning environments in approximately 1,000 of the
nation's largest high schools through innovations like
schools-within-schools or career academies that allow teachers to spend
more quality instructional time with students.
? Expanding Public School Choice with More Support for Charter Schools.
This $45 million increase will support the start up of 450 new or
redesigned schools that offer enhanced public school choice and have the
flexibility to offer innovative educational programs in exchange for
greater accountability for student achievement. There was one charter
school at the start of this Administration. With this budget increase, the
Administration will have supported 2,800 charter schools. One of the
biggest stumbling blocks facing charter schools is the lack of appropriate
facilities, and the budget builds on the Clinton-Gore legacy of support for
charters and public school choice by creating a $25 million demonstration
program that will allow nonprofit organizations to leverage federal funds
to help charter schools secure better facilities.
? Promoting Safer Schools and Healthier Students. The budget provides a
$75 increase for Safe Schools/Healthy Students, to $222 million. The
President launched this initiative in 1999 to provide students, schools and
communities the benefit of enhanced comprehensive educational, mental
health, social service, and law enforcement services. Last year, $147
million was provided to 77 local education authorities that established
formal partnerships with local mental health and law enforcement agencies.
? Creating Economic Opportunities through Job Training. The budget
expands successful training programs and implements new ones focused on
providing needed training for young people, displaced workers and
individuals with disabilities.
? Youth Opportunity Grants and Youth Training Activities Grants. Youth
Opportunity Grants are an initiative to provide comprehensive employment
and training assistance to all out-of-school young people in high poverty
areas. The final budget provides $275 million, enough to serve an
estimated 63,000 youth in high poverty areas. In addition, the final
budget provides a $102 million increase (to $1.1 billion) to the Youth
Activities Formula Grants, enough to provide job training and summer job
opportunities to roughly 660,000 disadvantaged young people.
? Youthbuild. Through the Youthbuild program, 16-to-24-year-old
high-school dropouts rehabilitate and build housing for low-income and
homeless people. The program provides youth with education and employment
skills while expanding affordable housing. Funded at $60 million, the
Youthbuild programs will provide opportunities for approximately 3,400
trainees, 1,400 more than this year.
? Job Corps. Job Corps is the nation?s largest and most comprehensive
residential education and job training program targeted at impoverished
young people. The final budget increases Job Corps funding by $42 million
to $1.4 billion, helping 74,000 youth.
? Universal Reemployment Initiative. This initiative includes the
Dislocated Worker program and new Reemployment Services grants. The $1.6
billion Dislocated Worker Training program provides training and support
services to help permanently dislocated workers return to productive,
unsubsidized employment. The final budget includes $25 million for
Reemployment grants that will provide services to 156,000 Unemployment
Insurance claimants to help them get jobs faster.
? Promoting Responsible Reintegration for Young Offenders. The budget
provides $55 million for a new initiative in the Department of Labor to
help young offenders under the age of 35 successfully reintegrate into the
mainstream economy. Competitive grants will be made to partnerships
between the criminal justice system and local workforce investment systems.
Partnerships will coordinate with reentry partnerships and reentry courts
funded through the Department of Justice and substance abuse and mental
health funding from the Department of Health and Human Services.
The number of children with parents who work outside of the home is higher
than ever before. In 1996, three out of four mothers with young children
worked outside of the home, compared to one in four in 1965. During the
Clinton-Gore Administration, funding for child care has more than doubled.
Still, many eligible children do not receive assistance. The Clinton-Gore
Administration proposed, fought for, and won major components of a
comprehensive child care initiative to address the struggles our nation's
working parents face in finding child care they can afford, trust and rely
? Providing More Children Access to Head Start than Ever Before.
President Clinton won $6.2 billion in funding for Head Start?a $933 million
increase over last year and the largest funding request ever proposed or
received for the program. It will provide access to Head Start and Early
Head Start for approximately 935,000 children in 2001, and is a large step
toward the goal of serving one million children in 2002. Head Start
prepares low-income children for a lifetime of learning and development by
providing early, continuous and comprehensive child development and family
? Helping More Low-Income Families Afford Child Care. The President
fought for an $817 million increase for the Child Care and Development
Block Grant, to $2 billion. This increase will enable the program to
provide child care subsidies for nearly 150,000 more children in 2001.
These new resources, combined with the child care funds provided in welfare
reform, will serve over 2.2 million children in 2001, an increase of nearly
1 million since 1997. The Child Care and Development Block Grant is the
primary federal effort to help low-income families pay for child care,
helping low-income parents to work. The final negotiations with Congress
also included $272 million for improving the quality of child care, $100
million of which must be used to improve the quality of infant and toddler
care; $10 million for child care research; and $19 million for school-aged
care and to improve information for parents about child care in their
communities, including $1 million for a toll-free child care information
hotline for parents.
? Promoting Early Learning by Improving the Quality of Child Care. At
the beginning of this year, President Clinton called on Congress to include
an Early Learning Fund in the budget to help improve child care quality and
early childhood education for children under five years old. The final
budget included the Stevens-Kennedy Early Learning Opportunities Act and
provided $20 million to allow states to help communities foster cognitive
development, improve child care quality and promote readiness for school.
Resources could be used to: help child care providers get training or
certification; teach parents and caregivers how to facilitate development
of cognitive skills and language comprehension; increase access to existing
child care programs by expanding the days or times that children are
served; enhance childhood literacy; improve quality of existing early
learning programs through recruitment, retention and professional
development incentives; and increase early learning opportunities for
children with special needs.
? Encouraging the Pursuit of Higher Education by Offering College
Campus-Based Child Care. To enable low-income parents to pursue higher
education, the budget includes $25 million?a $20 million increase over last
year?s funding level?to provide an additional 300 college campuses with
grants to support the establishment or expansion of child care services for
students. States may also use a share of the Child Care and Development
Block Grant for this purpose.
The President negotiated $35 billion in gross new investments over five
years in Medicare, Medicaid, and S-CHIP beneficiaries and providers. He
also won a $5 billion investment in public health programs with the
Department of Health and Human Services, 16 percent above last year?s
level, to strengthen the public health infrastructure, provide critical
prevention and treatment services to individuals with mental illness.
Overall, the Health and Human Services budget increased by nearly $9
billion (or 22 percent) this year and $23 billion (or 90 percent) since
1993. The budget will advance biomedical research with a historic
investment of $20.5 billion.
? Investing in Medicare, Medicaid, and S-CHIP Beneficiaries and
Providers. The budget enacts the Medicare, Medicaid and the State
Children?s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) Benefits Improvement and
Protection Act (BIPA), investing nearly $35 billion over five years to:
? Improves Service to Medicare Beneficiaries, Including Preventative
Care. The bill expands Medicare?s preventive benefits to include new
nutrition therapy and glaucoma screening and greater access to colon and
cervical cancer screening. It reduces the cost-sharing that beneficiaries
have to pay for hospital outpatient services; provides permanent coverage
of drugs that help prevent the rejection of organ transplants; and
facilitates the use of therapeutic adult day care services for persons with
Alzheimer?s disease. It waives the 24-month waiting period for Medicare
for people with Lou Gehrig?s Disease (ALS).
? Provides Health Coverage for Vulnerable Populations. The budget:
- Expands Medicaid coverage for people leaving welfare for work. BIPA
extends for another year a program that provides health care coverage for
persons leaving welfare for work.
- Enhances outreach and enrollment for children eligible for Medicaid
and S-CHIP. BIPA permits states to enroll uninsured but eligible children
in Medicaid and SCHIP at schools, child support enforcement agencies,
program eligibility centers, and other sites.
- Simplifies enrollment of low-income Medicare beneficiaries in
cost-assistance programs through a uniform application and outreach through
? Restore Reimbursements to Medicare and Medicaid Providers. The BIPA
addresses the needs of health care providers affected by the
disproportionate cuts of the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 by increasing
Medicare and Medicaid reimbursement to.
- Hospitals receive a full inflation update for 2001; two years of a 6.5
percent indirect medical education teaching adjustment; higher
reimbursement for outpatient services in 2001; improvements for rural
hospitals; greater funding for safety hospitals that serve low-income and
uninsured populations; and more funding for specialty hospitals such as
long-term care, psychiatric and rehabilitation facilities.
- Home Health Agencies receive an extra year?s delay in a 15 percent cut
in reimbursement; a full inflation update in 2001; and additional payments
for agencies that serve rural beneficiaries.
- Skilled Nursing Facilities receive a full inflation update in 2001;
greater payments for nursing costs; a further delay in the use of caps on
therapy services; and increased reimbursement for rehabilitation therapy
- Managed Care Plans receive an increase in the minimum floor payments;
a one-time increase in the minimum annual update from 2 to 3 percent;
phase-in of risk-adjustment to pay plans appropriately based on a patient?s
health; and improved accountability for plans by increasing penalties for
plans that break their Medicare contracts.
- Other Providers receive a rate increase, such as dialysis facilities;
a 5 percent increase in hospice payments; inflation updates for suppliers
of durable medical equipment and orthotics and prosthetics; a rate update
for ambulance providers; and a prospective payment system for community
health centers and rural health clinics that ensures adequate reimbursement
? Makes Other Important Reforms. The bill incorporates an
Administration regulation closing a loophole in Medicaid reimbursement
policy that threatens its fiscal integrity; reallocates a portion of unused
SCHIP funds among states that have exhausted their allotments and enables
other states to retain a portion of their expiring SCHIP allotment;
increases funding for research and education for juvenile diabetes and
diabetes among Native Americans; and increases the authorization for the
Title V Maternal and Child Health program.
? Investing in Health Research. The budget provides an historic
investment of $20.3 billion in the National Institutes of Health, a 14
percent increase over last year. These resources will support new methods
for detecting, treating, and curing diseases such as cancer, Alzheimer?s,
and diabetes as well as continue to support cutting-edge research such as
the Human Genome Project. NIH resources have increased by $10 billion
during the Clinton Administration and are now nearly double the 1993 level
of $10.3 billion.
? Increasing Funding to Explore the Environmental Causes of Disease. The
budget provides $49 million, a 169 percent increase, to assist communities
investigating unusual incidence of cancer or other diseases; identify
regions of the country in which individuals are at increased risk of
dangerous exposure to toxic substances; and ensure rapid evaluation of the
impact of public health emergencies.
? Supporting Graduate Medical Education at Children?s Hospitals. The
budget provides $235 million to reimburse freestanding children?s hospitals
that train and educate physicians to care for children, a five-fold
increase over last year.
? Expanding AIDS Care, Prevention, and Research. Building on the
historic reauthorization of the Ryan White CARE Act, this budget includes:
a $94 million increase in funding for domestic HIV prevention activities;
$213 million for the Ryan White CARE Act that helps provide primary care
and support for Americans living with HIV/AIDS; and an estimated $200
million in additional funds for AIDS-related research at the NIH. The
budget also added nearly $100 million in funding to the Minority AIDS
Initiative, which utilizes existing programs to reach African-Americans,
Latinos, and other racial and ethnic minorities that are disproportionately
impacted by HIV/AIDS. CDC received an additional $70 million to fight AIDS
? Funding the Ricky Ray Hemophilia Relief Trust Fund Act. The budget
provides $580 million for a total funding of $665 million for the Ricky Ray
Hemophilia Relief Trust Fund, which provides one-time payments of $100,000
to Americans with hemophilia who were infected with HIV by blood solids
during the 1980s.
? Creating the Family Caregivers Program. The budget provides a major
new investment of $125 million in the Older Americans Act to provide states
with funding for quality respite care and other essential services for
family caregivers, a proposal advocated by Vice President Gore. This
program is a critical piece of the President?s historic long-term care
? Improving Nursing Home Safety. The budget includes a $32 million (68
percent) increase for the new Nursing Home Initiative for more rigorous
inspections of nursing facilities and improved federal oversight and
enforcement of nursing home quality.
? Increasing Access to Health Care for the Uninsured. The budget invests
$125 million to develop integrated systems of care for the uninsured
through coordination between public hospitals, health centers, and other
community-based providers, increase the number of services delivered and
establishing accountability in the system to assure adequate patient care.
? Making Our Food Safe. The President won his entire request of $422
million for food safety, a $68 million increase over last year. These
resources will support enhanced and expanded food safety inspections;
outbreak responses; research, risk assessment and education activities; and
implementation of the Egg Safety Action Plan adopted by the President's
Council on Food Safety.
? Improving States? Capacity to Deliver Health Care Services to the
Mentally Ill. The budget provides an additional $64 million above the FY
2000 funding level for the Mental Health Block Grant, an 18 percent
increase over FY 2000. It also includes $25 million for a new Target
Capacity Expansion program to focus on prevention and those who are not
severely mentally ill.
? Expanding Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment. The budget
continues the Administration?s commitment to expanding substance abuse
prevention and treatment with a $135 million increase to $2.1 billion total
, a 31 percent increase since 1993. This includes an additional $74
million for Targeted Capacity Expansion grants to help communities address
gaps in substance abuse services for emerging areas of need. Combined with
an additional $65 million for the Substance Abuse Block Grant, the budget
will provide treatment for another 27,000 individuals.
? Promoting Community-Based Care for Americans with Disabilities. The
budget invests $50 million to help states develop comprehensive plans to
care for persons with disabilities in the most appropriate setting.
? Protecting Patient Safety. To reduce medical errors, the budget
provides the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality with $50 million
for research and the creation of a new Center for Patient Safety. In
2001, the Food and Drug Administration received a 35 percent increase in
funding over FY 2000, to $27 million, to fund the modernization of its
existing adverse event reporting systems.
? Preparing for and Preventing Bioterrorist Attacks. The budget fully
funds President Clinton?s request of $326 million to stockpile vaccines,
antibiotics, and other medical supplies to deploy in the event of a
chemical or biological terrorist attack and carry out related research and
? Reducing Racial Disparities in Health Status. The budget provides an
additional $8 million, a 26 percent increase over the FY 2000 funding
level, for health research and prevention activities to better understand
and address health disparities among minority populations.
? Providing Quality Health Care to Native Americans: The budget provides
$2.6 billion, a 9 percent increase, for high-quality health care services
on American Indian and Alaska Native reservations. This is the largest
increase in history and it will fund:
? Clinical Services: The budget provides $80 billion, $168 million over
last year, including funds to hire health care professionals to provide
additional primary care services at IHS hospitals and clinics and to
purchase additional basic and specialty health care services from local and
community health care providers.
? Contract Support Costs: The budget provides $249 million, $20 million
over the FY 2000 enacted level, to support tribes as they assume
responsibility for providing direct health care services.
? Indian Health Care Improvement Fund: Within Hospital and Clinics, the
budget provides $30 million to address funding disparities by targeting
increases to tribes most in need.
? Facilities: The budget provides $364 million, $47 million over FY 2000
enacted, to make much needed improvements to IHS' infrastructure for the
delivery of health care services to patients.
? Preventing Childhood Diseases. The budget provides an additional $78
million, a 15 percent increase over last year, to increase childhood
immunization rates and eradicate polio worldwide.
? Controlling the Spread of Infectious Disease. The budget provides
$265 million to the Center for Disease Control, a 34 percent increase, for
infectious disease programs and disease surveillance systems.
? Expanding Family Planning Services. The President secured $254 million
in FY 2001 for family planning, a $15 million (6 percent) increase. This
initiative will allow family planning clinics to provide reproductive
health services and clinical care to millions of underserved Americans,
including testing and treatment for sexually-transmitted diseases, cancer
screenings, and HIV prevention and counseling.
? Keeping the Health Care Promise for Retired Coal Miners and Their
Families. The budget provides an additional $97 million to help continue
the retirement health care that the nation promised about 65,000 retired
coal miners and their families.
President Clinton and Vice President Gore made significant strides for the
environment in the fiscal year 2001 budget that proposed a record $42.3
billion to protect our natural resources, communities and families ? an 11
percent increase over last year. The final budget includes increased
funding for protection of America?s parks, forests, green spaces, coastal
areas and wildlife. The budget will provide Americans with increased
resources for wild fire management, clean water and energy security. At the
same time, the President and Vice President fought back numerous,
anti-environmental riders that would have traded hard-won environmental
safeguards for short-term special interest gains.
? Preserving America?s Lands. The President and Vice President, with
bipartisan congressional support, won unprecedented dedicated funding for
the conservation of America?s land and coastal resources. Totaling $12
billion over six years, this historic conservation funding level will more
than triple the current funding for these programs by 2006. The bill
creates a new ?conservation spending? category ? protected from being spent
on any other programs ? for federal, state and local needs, and for
maintaining existing parks and other conservation and recreation needs.
? Protecting the Environment. The budget provides $3.9 billion for the
EPA operating program, a 9 percent increase, to strengthen the backbone of
the nation?s environmental protection efforts. In recent years, Congress?s
failure to fully fund the President?s budget proposals has jeopardized the
EPA?s ability to protect public health and the environment. These
resources will enable EPA to continue to provide American communities with
cleaner air, cleaner water, and improved quality of life. In addition,
President Clinton won more resources for ?the environmental cop on the
beat? to enforce environmental laws against pollution.
? Promoting Clean Water. The budget includes an 8 percent increase?to
$165 million?for President Clinton?s Clean Water Action Plan. Forty
percent of our nation?s waters don?t meet water quality standards. The EPA
and the Departments of Agriculture, the Interior, and Commerce will
implement the plan together, including monitoring activities, watershed
improvements, and private forest stewardship, and reclaiming abandoned mine
land. The budget includes a $38 million increase for controlling non-point
source pollution, the greatest remaining source of poor water quality, and
a $56 million increase to help states and tribes strengthen water quality
? Fighting Global Warming. The budget includes $1.2 billion, a 13
percent increase, for President Clinton?s Climate Change Technology
Initiative. This initiative is the backbone of the national effort to
reduce greenhouse gases, while creating jobs and saving consumers money.
It supports the research, development, and deployment of solar and
renewable energy technologies and energy-efficient products. It includes
$375 million for Department of Energy solar and renewable energy research
(a 21 percent increase); $626 million for energy efficiency research (an 8
percent increase); and $123 million for EPA to promote energy efficiency (a
19 percent increase).
? Restoring the Florida Everglades, a National Treasure. This year?s
budget includes $118 million for Army Corps of Engineers projects to
restore wetlands and natural waterflows in this internationally important
ecosystem. This project is an important step to implement the President?s
$7.8 billion Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan, which has
unprecedented support from Congress, agricultural, community, business and
environmental groups. The restoration of America?s Everglades will help
ensure a safe supply of water for Florida?s cities and farming communities
into the future.
? Protecting the Global Environment: The budget includes $100 million, a
61 percent increase, for USAID?s tropical forest and biodiversity
conservation budget to protect key ecosystems around the under the
President?s Greening the Globe initiative. The budget also includes $108
million, a 200 percent increase, in U.S. funding for the Global Environment
Facility (GEF), the primary international fund for global environment
priorities including biodiversity conservation, international waters,
protection of the ozone layer and climate change.
The President fought for important initiatives in his budget to help
working families and ensure that all Americans can share in prosperity.
? Protecting Workers. The final budget includes $1.2 billion to enforce
federal safety, health, pensions, wages, and nondiscrimination practices.
This $102 million increase will support 1,500 inspections to ensure safe
and healthy workplaces. In addition, it supports efforts to increase labor
law compliance, including child labor, and to expand public
education/outreach efforts related to workers' pensions.
? Helping Hard-Pressed Working Families Meet Their Nutritional Needs.
Congress approved an important reform proposed by the Administration to
allow 245,000 people to own a reliable car and still be eligible for food
stamp assistance. Many of these families need a car to get to jobs, job
training, and child care. Another change also helps over 1.5 million
people put food on the table by ensuring that the food stamp program more
accurately recognizes high housing costs faced by many low-income working
? Helping Former Welfare Recipients and other Low-Income Workers Get to
their Jobs. Congress provided guaranteed funding of $100 million for the
Job Access and Reverse Commute program, a critical component of the
Administration?s effort to move families from welfare to work and support
working families. This is an increase of $25 million over the FY 2000
level, but less than the $150 million requested by the Administration.
Regrettably, Congress earmarked 75 percent of the funds and failed to allow
Native American tribes to apply directly for Job Access grants.
? Expanding Nutrition and Health Care for Women and Young Children. The
final budget provides $4.05 billion for the Special Supplemental Nutrition
Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), an increase of $20 million
over FY 2000. The budget will provide vouchers for nutritional food
packages, nutrition education and counseling, and health care and
immunization referrals to more than 7 million women, infants, and children
? Creating 79,000 New Housing Vouchers. With the Administration's
leadership, the budget includes $453 million for new vouchers that
subsidize the rents of low-income Americans. These vouchers will expand
the supply of affordable housing for the 5.4 million very-low-income
families who pay more than half their incomes for housing or live in
severely inadequate units, including a growing number of families working
full time. Vouchers often enable families to move closer to job
opportunities. This budget builds on the 110,000 new vouchers secured
through the President?s leadership in the past two years.
? Increasing Voucher Use and Tenant Housing Options. The budget helps
Public Housing Authorities use some housing vouchers to expand tenant
rental opportunities. For the first time, tenants moving into housing that
has a designated voucher will not have to give up their rental assistance
if their family needs to move.
? Expanding the Home Investment Partnership. The budget provides $1.8
billion for the Home Investment Partnership Program, a $200 million
increase, to build, buy, and renovate affordable housing for low-income
families. The program also supports housing vouchers and homeownership
counseling. These funds will create homeownership opportunities and
affordable housing for an estimated 67,000 families in the next year.
? Funding to States for Critical Local Needs. Congress approved $1.7
billion for the Social Services Block Grant which plays a critical role in
funding child welfare and child protection services, as well as services to
the elderly, disabled, and child care for children of hard-pressed working
? Extending Welfare-To-Work Funding. To help more long-term welfare
recipients and low-income fathers go to work and support their families,
the Administration proposed and Congress approved giving state, local,
tribal, and community- and faith-based grantees an additional two years to
spend existing Welfare-to-Work funds. This will give grantees an
opportunity to fully implement the $3 billion Welfare-to-Work initiative
the Administration fought to include in the 1997 Balanced Budget Act, as
well as the program eligibility improvements enacted last year with the
? Promoting Employment Opportunities for Americans with Disabilities.
The budget includes $23 million to establish a new Office of Disability
Policy, Evaluation and Technical Assistance (ODPET), headed by a new
Assistant Secretary at the Department of Labor, to take the lead on policy
development, technical assistance, research and public education on
disability employment. The budget also includes $20 million to continue
the Work Incentive Assistance Grants program to ensure that people with
disabilities who want to return to work have access to the full range of
employment and reemployment services under the Workforce Investment Act.
The United States is currently in the midst of the longest expansion in its
history. The strength and duration of this expansion have helped bring
economic opportunity to millions of people once cut off from the economic
mainstream. However, too many urban and rural areas have not participated
in this growth. Moreover, the President believes that parents who work hard
and play by the rules should not have to raise their children in poverty.
? Enacting the New Markets Initiative. President Clinton and Congress
have worked together on this bipartisan initiative to stimulate new private
capital investments in economically distressed communities and build a
network of private investment institutions to funnel credit, equity and
technical assistance to businesses in America's new markets. Together,
these initiatives expand the range of ?bankable? deals and will stimulate
additional private business activity. The agreement includes:
? The New Markets Tax Credit. The credit will spur $15 billion in
equity investment for business growth in low- and moderate-income rural and
urban communities throughout the United States and Puerto Rico. The
credit, worth over 30 percent of the amount invested (in present value
terms), will be available to taxpayers who invest in a wide range of
privately managed community development investment funds, such as community
development banks and other CDFIs, venture funds, and new investment
companies, that finance businesses in low- and moderate-income communities.
? New Markets Venture Capital (NMVC) Firms. The legislation provides
for venture capital firms that would target smaller businesses located in
low- and moderate-income communities. NMVC firms will provide expert
guidance to small business entrepreneurs in inner city and rural areas.
The legislation authorizes guarantees for $150 million in loans that will
match $100 million in private equity, and provides $30 million for
technical assistance for small business.
? Strengthened Empowerment Zones. President Clinton and Vice President
Gore established nine EZs in 1993. Today, there are 31 across America.
This legislation provides:
- A third round of 9 new EZs, bringing the total number to 40, and
extends all EZs to 2009.
- An additional $110 million, for a total of $200 million in
discretionary investment this year for existing EZs.
- Expansion of 20% EZ wage credit (first $15,000 in annual wages for
each worker), increased small business expensing (up to $35,000 more than
in current law for equipment), and enhanced tax-exempt bonds to all EZs.
- Tax-free rollovers for EZ investments, and 60% capital gains exclusion
for investment in small EZ businesses.
? Renewal Communities. The tax incentives for the 40 new Renewal
- Zero capital gains rate on the sales of certain assets held for more
than 5 years.
- Increased small business expensing (up to $35,000 more than in current
law for equipment).
- 15% employment wage credit (first $10,000 in annual income for each
- Commercial revitalization deductions for taxpayers who revitalize
buildings in a Renewal Community.
? An Expanded Low-Income Housing Tax Credit. This bill increases the
Low-Income Housing Tax Credit by more than 40 percent over two years and
then indexes the credit for inflation thereafter. The increase will help
to create an additional 180,000 units of affordable housing for working
families over the next five years. The credit will increase to $1.50 per
capita for each state in 2001 and $1.75 per capita in 2002.
? A Higher Private Activity Bond Cap. The legislation increases the
state private activity bond cap from $50 per resident to $75 per resident,
phased in 2001 to 2002.
? Bolstered District of Columbia Tax Incentives. The bill provides
Washington, DC priority in receiving status under the Renewal Community
program. In addition, the agreement also extends the District?s current
tax incentives, which are set to expire in 2002, to 2003.
? Local BusinessLINC Coalitions. BusinessLINC (Learning, Investment,
Networking and Collaboration), is an innovative public-private partnership
launched by Vice President Gore to encourage large businesses to work with
and mentor small businesses located in distressed communities. This bill
provides $7 million for BusinessLINC local coalitions forming across the
? Helping Low-Income Families Invest for the Future. Congress approved
the President?s budget request of $25 million to create Individual
Development Accounts to empower low-income working families to save for a
first home, postsecondary education, or to start a new business. Congress
also approved the Administration?s proposed changes that make it simpler
and easier for community-based organizations and individuals to participate
in this national demonstration program. This builds on President Clinton?s
longstanding support for empowering individuals to save through IDAs.
? Developing the Mississippi Delta Region. The budget funds a new
federal-state partnership to fight for economic growth in the Mississippi
Delta region, a seven-State area which includes some of the most distressed
communities in the nation, including:
? $20 million for the Delta Regional Authority, a federal-state
partnership. Resources will be focused on the more than two million people
living in the Delta's distressed areas. These areas have a poverty rate
that is over 30 percent, twice the national average. The funding will
support area development and technical assistance to participating State
and local economic development entities.
? $6 million to improve rural economic opportunity by allowing the
Department of Agriculture to fund activities such as financing loans to
intermediary borrowers who re-lend funds to rural businesses and community
development corporations; and
? $226 million to improve the transportation infrastructure in the Delta
region through Department of Transportation transit and highway projects.
? Makes Capital Available through Community Development Financial
Institutions. The President won $118 million for the Community Development
Financial Institutions (CDFI) Fund. The Fund has a record of supporting
local specialized lenders and investors?as well as traditional financial
institutions?that make loans and equity investments in under-served
communities. It is a vital source of capital to build a national network of
community development lenders, following through on one of the President?s
original commitments. The Administration is especially pleased that
Congress provided the requested $5 million for technical assistance and
training to benefit Native American communities.
? Creating Economic Opportunity in Distressed Communities. The budget
provides over $5 billion?a $324 million increase?for the Community
Development Block Grant to improve housing, strengthen public works,
promote economic development, and acquire or clear land.
? Offers More Emergency Food and Shelter. The budget includes President
Clinton?s request to increase funding for the Federal Emergency Management
Agency?s grants by $30 million, to $140 million. These grants go to the
states and are distributed locally to community based organizations to
assist families and individuals who need emergency housing and food. As a
result of this law, needy Americans will receive 25 million more meals and
1.1 million additional nights of shelter next year.
? Increases Homeless Assistance. The President and Vice President
proposed a major expansion of HUD?s continuum of care program to help
homeless persons obtain temporary and permanent housing and supportive
services. The final budget includes $1.125 billion in funds for the
homeless assistance including $100 million for Shelter Plus Care renewals,
a 10 percent increase over last year?s budget.
? Promoting Community Service. The final budget includes more than $767
million for national and community service, a $36 million increase. It
will allow AmeriCorps to surpass 250,000 members who have served their
communities since 1994, helping to close the digital divide, improve
education, build public housing, and meet critical social and environmental
needs. It will also allow hundreds more National Civilian Community Corps
members to continue to provide desperately needed help for communities
faced with ravaging fires or devastating floods. The bill includes $7.5
million for America's Promise?the community service initiative led by
General Colin Powell that stemmed from the Presidents' Summit for America's
Future?to ensure that children grow into healthy, strong, and productive
FROM DIGITAL DIVIDE TO DIGITAL OPPORTUNITY
Access to computers and the Internet and the ability to use this technology
effectively are becoming increasingly important for full participation in
America's economic, social and political life. Unfortunately, there is
strong evidence of a "digital divide"?unequal access to technology by
income, education level, race, and geography. We also need to give people
skills to use technology and to promote content and applications of
technology that will help empower under-served communities.
? Establishing Community Technology Centers. $65 million to create up
to 650 Community Technology Centers in low-income urban and rural
communities, up from $10 million two years ago and doubling the $32.5
million last year. This initiative will help close the "digital divide" by
providing computers and Information Age tools to children and adults who
can not afford them at home.
? Preparing Tomorrow?s Teachers to Use Technology. The final budget
includes $125 million to train new teachers to use technology effectively
in the classroom, up from $75 million last year. Under the leadership of
President Clinton and Vice President Gore, the United States has made
enormous progress in connecting schools to the Internet and increasing the
number of modern computers in the classroom. However, access to computers
and the Internet will not help students achieve high academic standards
unless teachers are as comfortable with a computer as they are with a
? Supporting Innovative Applications of Technology. President Clinton's
budget will increase the investment in the Department of Commerce's
successful Technology Opportunities Program (TOP) to $45.5 million-?triple
the current level of $15 million. TOP funds innovative uses of technology
to assist in the delivery of health care and public health services, help
public safety officials, increase low-income families' access to computers
and the Internet, support lifelong learning, and strengthen local
communities by fostering communication and collaboration through electronic
? Creating Digital Opportunity for Americans with Disabilities. The
budget provides $142 million for R&D and support for programs to make
information and communications technologies more accessible for people with
disabilities, and to make assistive technologies more affordable.
? Giving all of our Children Access to Educational Technology. The
budget provides a total of $872 million for educational technology,
including $450 million for the Technology Literacy Challenge Fund. Under
Clinton-Gore, spending on educational technology is up from $23 million in
FY93, an increase of over 3,600%. These programs help local communities
meet the ?four pillars? of the President's Educational Technology
Initiative: Internet access, modem computers, educational content, and
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
For the seventh straight year, President Clinton and Vice President Gore
have requested, and negotiated, increases in Federal funding for
fundamental research. Increased investment in science and technology leads
to economic growth, the creation of high-tech, high-wage jobs, cures for
diseases, and a cleaner environment for future generations of Americans.
The 21st Century Research Fund consists of the Federal government?s
long-term investments directed toward creating new knowledge and developing
new technologies. In FY 2001, these investments will total $44.9 billion,
an increase of nearly $5 billion (12 percent) over last year.
? Investing in Health Research. This year, the National Institutes of
Health will receive $20.3 billion, an increase of $2.5 billion (14 percent)
over last year to broaden research on diseases such as diabetes, cancer,
and brain disorders, and disease prevention strategies and vaccines. NIH
resources have doubled in the Clinton Administration from $10.3 billion in
? Sustains U.S. Leadership across the Scientific Frontiers. The budget
contains a $529 million increase for the National Science Foundation?the
largest increase ever?for a total investment of $4.4 billion. It boosts
university-based research and insure balanced support for all science and
engineering disciplines. Increased investments will spur new discoveries
in the fields of information technology, nanotechnology, biocompexity, and
other areas of fundamental science and engineering.
? Information Technology. The budget includes a $424 million increase
for information technology to $2 billion. The information technology
industry accounts for a third of our economic growth and also creates
high-tech, high-wage jobs.
? Nanotechnology. The budget increases resources for nanotechnology
research by $151 million to $422 million. Nanotechnology? the manipulation
of matter at the atomic and molecular level?could lead to breakthroughs
such as the ability to store the equivalent of the Library of Congress in a
device the size of a sugar cube, materials 10 times stronger than steel and
a fraction of the weight, and the ability to detect tumors when they are
only a few cells in size.
? Core Research Areas. The budget also provides a $189 million (or 7
percent) increase for fundamental mathematics, functional genomics,
physics, chemistry, geology, psychology, and cognitive and linguistic
sciences to help sustain the flow of new discoveries and promote the
emergence of new disciplines, fields, and technologies. These priority
areas hold great promise for breakthroughs that are revolutionary, likely
reshaping science and engineering, and changing the way we think and live.
? Investing in Energy Research. As part of the Clinton-Gore plan to
reduce our nation?s reliance on oil and lower the nation?s fuel bills, the
budget includes increases for the Department of Energy?s domestic energy
research and development programs: a $65 million increase for solar and
renewable energy; $49 million (8 percent) for energy efficiency (including
$13 million for hybrid vehicle or ?supercar? research); and $111 million
(27 percent) increase for fossil energy. It also includes a $20 million
increase at the Environmental Protection Agency for energy efficiency
research and development. These initiatives will help our nation achieve
greater energy security, reduce pollution, and create new high-tech
industries and jobs. The budget also boosts basic research in the
Department of Energy?s Office of Science by $399 million, or 14 percent.
? Expanding the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The final
budget includes a $684 million increase, to $14.3 billion, for the National
Aeronautics and Space Administration. These resources will help NASA meet
its human space flight needs more safely and at lower cost through a new
generation of space launch vehicles and enable it to establish a sustained
human presence in earth orbit and a robotic presence on Mars.
? Investing in Advanced Technology. President Clinton won continued
funding for the Advanced Technology Program, which the House Republican
budget proposed to eliminate. This year, ATP will make an additional $61
million in new awards. ATP supports the development of risky technologies
with significant promise for widespread economic benefits.
? Encouraging Innovation through Patents and Trademarks. The budget
increases funding for the Patent and Trademark Office by 19 percent over
last year, to over $1 billion. These resources will allow the office to
accommodate its surging workload and issue patents and trademarks without
delays, encouraging investment and innovation, particularly in industries
that are key to sustaining the economic expansion like biotechnology and
Under the Clinton-Gore Administration, crime has fallen to its lowest rate
in a generation. The final budget proposes a series of measures to
continue to make progress toward the goal of making America the safest big
country in the world.
? Enforcing Gun Laws. The final budget contains nearly $200 million to
fund the President?s Gun Enforcement Initiative?the largest national gun
enforcement initiative in history. This will fund 500 new ATF firearms
agents and inspectors, expand crime gun tracing and ballistics testing; and
support over 600 new federal, state and local gun prosecutors to crack down
on gun criminals. This funding will also help the ATF expand the
President?s successful Youth Crime Gun Interdiction Initiative (YCGII),
which helps law enforcement crack down on the illegal gun traffickers that
supply firearms to juveniles and criminals, from 38 to 50 cities.
? Putting More Police on the Streets. Last year, President Clinton and
Vice President Gore met their commitment to fund 100,000 new police
officers for our streets ahead of schedule and under budget. As called for
by the President, the final budget contains over $1 billion to help
communities take the next step and hire up to 50,000 more police officers
by FY 2005; the budget also provides other critical resources for law
? Hiring More Community Prosecutors. The budget includes $25 million
for the Administration's initiative to extend the success of community
policing to local prosecutors by helping states and localities hire new
community prosecutors to address public safety and quality of life issues.
? Fighting against Domestic Violence. The President and Vice President
have championed reauthorization of the historic Violence Against Women Act,
which the President recently signed. The President won $504 million in FY
2001 to combat domestic violence?$289 at the Department of Justice and $215
at the Department of Health and Human Services. These funds will help
communities to expand prevention efforts and enhance the safety of more
victims of domestic violence and sexual assault.
? Saving Lives by Preventing Drunk Driving. Congress has also reached
agreement on a critical measure to help set a nationwide impaired driving
standard of .08 blood alcohol content. This common-sense nationwide limit
will save an estimated 500 lives a year and prevent thousands of injuries.
? Developing Smart Gun Technology. To help prevent accidental gun death
and injuries of children who obtain access to guns, as well as other
unauthorized gun use, the Administration won $8 million to expand the
development of "smart" gun technologies. These state-of-the-art gun safety
technologies can limit a gun's use to its proper adult owner or other
? Investing in Law Enforcement Technology. The final budget provides
$270 million within COPS to provide law enforcement with the latest
crime-fighting and crime-solving technology.
? Strengthening Police Integrity and Fighting Hate Crimes. The budget
provides $17 million to help strengthen police integrity including hate
crimes training for Federal, state, and local law enforcement, data
collection on ?racial profiling,? and other innovative initiatives to build
trust between police and communities and promote police accountability.
? Increasing Community Supervision of Released Offenders. The budget
contains a total of $30 million for Project Reentry, an innovative
Administration initiative to create "reentry partnerships" and "reentry
courts" to help communities reduce recidivism for offenders returning to
their communities from prison. This will complement $75 million for
Responsible Reintegration for Young Offenders grants and $10 million in
substance abuse and mental health services grants targeted towards reentry
? Continue the Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign. The Administration
secured $185 million to continue the successful national media campaign to
regularly reach our youth with the message that drugs are wrong, dangerous
AMERICA?S ARMED FORCES AND LEADERSHIP IN THE WORLD
At the start of a new century, the United States is faced with new
opportunities and new challenges as a global leader and the world's
strongest force for peace and prosperity. American leadership has been
instrumental in seizing new opportunities for peace, including reversing
ethnic cleansing and restoring stability to the Balkans; ending bloodshed
in Northern Ireland; brokering peace in the Middle East between Israel and
its neighbors; restoring democracy in East Timor; supporting Russia's
transformation to democracy and free markets; and integrating China into
the international community. U.S. leadership has also been decisive in
meeting new challenges and combating new threats such as weapons
proliferation, terrorism, and drug-trafficking.
The FY 2001 budget builds upon past success to advance America's leadership
position in the world, funding a number of new initiatives designed seize
the new opportunities and face the new challenges the 21st century
? Meeting our International Obligations. Foreign Operations funding
enables the United States to fulfill its international
responsibilities?bolstering security for us and our allies, alleviating
poverty and disease, promoting democracy and expanding markets for exports.
Congress initially provided nearly $2 billion less than the President
requested for Foreign Operations. In the end, Congress will provide $14.9
billion, only about $200 million below our request.
? Providing Debt Relief. President Clinton won $435 million for the
Heavily Indebted Poor Country debt initiative. Under the Cologne Debt
Initiative, countries receiving debt relief will direct their savings to
education, health care, AIDS prevention, and other critical needs. The
budget also includes $13 million for the Tropical Forest Initiative to use
debt relief funds in support of conservation and authorizes the use of
proceeds from IMF gold sales for debt reduction. Unsustainable debt keeps
many countries in poverty. For the average HIPC country, the share of
scarce government revenue devoted to debt service could fall by 25 percent
to 50 percent if they comply with their obligation to pursue economic
reforms and promote poverty reduction.
? Fighting AIDS and Funding Vaccines. President Clinton won $554
million to combat HIV/AIDS and $125 million for other infectious diseases
that plague the developing world. The budget also funds the President's
Millennium Vaccine Initiative, including $50 million for the Global
Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization, over $270 million for AIDS vaccine
research and malaria and TB vaccine research. The AIDS vaccine research
program is part of the Administration?s overall AIDS research effort, which
will receive an unprecedented level of support in this budget?over $2
? Fighting Child Labor and Expanding Education in Developing Countries.
President Clinton won a $37 million increase to strengthen educational
systems in areas of developing countries, especially where abusive child
labor is prevalent. Better access to basic education can be a catalyst for
poverty reduction, maternal and infant health, the prevention and treatment
of HIV-AIDS and other infectious diseases, and the elimination of abusive
child labor. The budget also includes $10 million to enforce custom laws
against child labor customs enforcement and $45 million for the
International Program for the Elimination of Child Labor. Since 1995, the
U.S. has funded projects to prevent or remove some 120,500 children in
Africa, Asia and Latin America from dangerous or abusive work in many
industries (including commercial agriculture, mining, fishing, the
production of soccer balls, carpets, garments, fireworks, and footwear), as
well as prostitution and domestic service.
? Migration and Refugee Assistance Account. This $700 million provides
emergency food shelter and repatriation assistance to refugees overseas and
allows refugee resettlement in the United States. This is significant
because it is even more than we requested and will make a huge difference
in our ability to provide essential assistance and protection to a
worldwide refugee population that has increased by over half a million in
the last six months.
? International Family Planning. The budget provides $425 million?a
significant increase from last year?s level of $373 million?will promotes
women?s health and saves women?s lives. However, funds for these programs
may not be obligated until February 15th, 2001.
? Maintaining a Strong and Capable Military. Last year, President
Clinton and Vice President Gore initiated a long-term, sustained increase
in defense spending to protect our high level of military readiness and
procure modern and effective weapons systems. This year?s budget includes:
? More Resources. The FY 2001 budget will pay for the Department of
Defense's most critical needs, consistent with the President?s budget
request. The appropriation for the Department of Defense provides $296.4
billion in discretionary budget authority, a $15.8 billion increase over
the FY 2000 level (excluding supplemental appropriations for defense
programs in FY 2000, such as contingency operations).
? Military Readiness. The FY 2001 budget fully funds key compensation
initiatives, including the Administration?s requests for a 3.7 percent pay
increase for military personnel, training, spare parts, equipment
maintenance, and base operations. It also fully funds a new pharmacy
benefit for military retirees over the age of 65, ensuring that those who
dedicated their lives to military service benefit from comprehensive
prescription drug coverage.
? Modernized Weapons Systems. The bill fully funds key modernization
programs such as the F-22 fighter aircraft, the CVN-77 Nuclear Aircraft
Carrier, and National Missile Defense. America?s armed forces must
maintain their status as the best-equipped in the world.
? Keeping the Peace. Our ability to pay our share of international
peacekeeping missions is a crucial part of fulfilling our international
security responsibilities and ensuring that other nations share the burden
with us. The budget provides our full request of $835 million for CIPA
(Contributions for International Peacekeeping Activities).
? Reducing the Threat of Weapons of Mass Destruction. The budget
provides $870 million for the Expanded Threat Reduction Initiative to
contain the spread of weapons of mass destruction from the former Soviet
Union and to promote stability.
? Fighting Terrorism. The bombing of the U.S.S. Cole reminds us of the
increased threat of terrorism abroad. The $1 billion for the Department of
State embassy security initiatives is a steadfast commitment to the
security of our employees overseas, including full funding for security
readiness measures, substantial increases for security improvements to
existing facilities to deter and reduce the effects of attack, and a robust
program of new construction to replace inadequate and vulnerable
facilities. In addition, the budget includes $205 million for new
counter-terrorism and cyber-crime initiatives in the Departments of
Treasury and Justice, including adding agents to Joint Terrorism Task
Forces, enhancing technology and intelligence gathering along the northern
border, enabling Treasury law enforcement to respond to unanticipated
terrorist incidents, and improving the tracking of terrorist assets.
? Promoting Cybersecurity. The information technology revolution that
has fueled the tremendous growth in our economy has also made us more
vulnerable to cyber attack. The budget includes $27 million to enable us
to recruit and educate cyber experts, set up a team of experts to assist
agencies in adhering to federal computer security requirements, develop a
government-wide intrusion detection and response system, and run the
Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office that coordinates with the private
? Promoting Democracy and Stability. The budget includes $250 million
to bolster democracy in Kosovo and support the newly elected democratic
government in Serbia. It provides $421 million to promote the political
and economic integration of the Balkans into Europe and into the global
community and economy. Finally, it provides $1.8 billion from the Economic
Support Fund and $3.4 billion from Foreign Military Financing to support
the next phase of negotiations between Israel and its neighbors.
? Colombia Assistance. Congress provided $1.3 billion in FY2000
emergency supplemental appropriations for assistance to Colombia, matching
the funding level of the President's two-year request. These funds will
support programs to stem the flow of illegal drugs coming from Colombia to
the United States and to bring greater stability to Colombia and the Andean
? Meeting the Chemical Weapons Convention. The budget meets U.S.
obligations under the Chemical Weapons Convention banning chemical weapons
and monitoring the production of toxic chemicals, as well as protect
confidential U.S. business information.
FARM SAFETY NET
Because the 1996 Farm Bill fails to sufficiently support farm family
incomes when crop prices fall or natural disasters strike, President
Clinton and Vice President Gore proposed counter-cyclical income
assistance, crop insurance reform, a major farm conservation program
initiative (much of which extends beyond 2002), and targeted assistance to
certain segments of the farm and rural communities.
? Helping farmers and ranchers recover from natural disasters and low
prices for their commodities. The budget includes over $4 billion in
assistance to farmers, ranchers, and rural residents who suffered losses
from natural disasters, such as this summer?s severe drought that impacted
many parts of the country. This includes over $2 billion to compensate
crop producers for quantity and quality losses and over $1 billion for
livestock feed and dairy income assistance. In addition, the budget
includes the President?s proposal to extend the dairy price support
program, providing further income support and security for dairy farmers.
? Closing the ?economic divide? in rural America. The budget provides
increases of $2.2 billion for loans and grants for high-priority rural
development programs which will improve the quality of life for rural
residents, strengthen rural communities, and diversify the rural economy.
More than 1.5 million more rural residents will receive access to safe,
affordable drinking water through water and wastewater loans and grants;
nearly 100,000 jobs will be created or saved through $2.5 billion in
guaranteed loans to rural businesses; and, over 60,000 very-low to moderate
income rural families will receive single-family housing loans and loan
guarantees, allowing many to own their own homes for the first time.
Other Clinton-Gore initiatives funded by the 2001 budget include:
? Expanding Civil Rights Enforcement. The President won nearly all of
his requested increase for civil rights enforcement, bringing the total
commitment to more than $1 billion per year. Funding for the Civil Rights
Division of Justice was expanded from $82 million in FY 2000 to $92 million
in FY 2001, a 12 percent increase. Funding for the Equal Employment
Opportunity Commission increased from $281 million to $304 million in FY
2000, an eight percent increase.
? Ensuring Equal Pay. The President won $42 million for his Equal Pay
Initiative to train to employers on wage discrimination; train women in
nontraditional jobs; provide for apprenticeships; and support industry
partnerships. Within this initiative, the National Science Foundation (NSF)
will invest $20 million to remove barriers to career advancement for women
scientists and engineers.
? Meeting Our Commitment to the Nation?s Veterans. The budget provides a
$1.5 billion increase for the Department of Veterans Affairs, the largest
increase ever requested by any Administration. These resources will
improve benefits and services to the nation?s 24 million veterans, serve
more patients while ensuring high quality and timely care, improve the
delivery of benefit payments for veterans, and ensure that we meet our
National Shrine commitment to cemeteries for veterans.
? Promoting the Arts in America. This year President Clinton proposed
to expand resources for the National Endowment for the Arts to provide
support for the important cultural, educational and artistic programs for
communities across America. Working together, the President and the
Congress were able to increase funding for the NEA to $105 million, a $7
million boost over last year?s funding level and the first significant
increase in the six years since the Republicans took control of the
? Welcoming New Americans. The President and Vice-President won $70
million for the English Literacy/Civics Initiative?nearly triple last
year?s funding. This program helps states and communities provide recent
immigrants and other individuals with limited English proficiency with
expanded access to quality English-language instruction linked to civics
education, including understanding the U.S. government and public education
systems, the workplace, and other key institutions of American life. It is
a powerful tool in building a stronger American community. Funding for this
initiative in 2001 will provide services for almost 250,000 individuals.
? Providing Fairness to Immigrant Families. The budget changes
immigration law to benefit an estimated 700,000 to 900,000 immigrants?
families. It will provide limited relief by reinstating section 245(i) and
creating a new V visa category to allow families to stay together in the
United States while their application is pending and provides relief to
some individuals who would have likely benefited from the legalization
program under the immigration law of 1986. However, this legislation fails
to eliminate the disparate treatment under our immigration laws
Salvadorans, Guatemalans, Hondurans, Haitians, and Liberians and does not
provide any relief for deserving individuals affected by changes in the
1996 immigration law. The next Congress should enact legislation to
address these important issues.