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Remarks by the President at Unveiling of Statue at the Franklin D . Roosevelt Memorial

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                              THE WHITE HOUSE

                       Office of the Press Secretary
For Immediate Release                       January 10, 2001

                         REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT
                       AT UNVEILING OF STATUE AT THE
                      FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT MEMORIAL

                      Franklin D. Roosevelt Memorial
                                       Washington. D.C.

12:00 Noon. EST

          THE PRESIDENT:  Calm down.  (Applause.)

          AUDIENCE:  Four more years!  (Applause.)

          THE PRESIDENT:  You still have to do what I ask for nine more
days.  Calm down.  (Laughter.)

          Secretary Herman, thank you for your eloquence and your passion
on this issue.  I thank all the members of the administration who are here.
Secretary Babbitt, thank you.  Secretary Shalala, Secretary Slater, SBA
Director Alvarez, Janice Lachance.  I thank the other members who are here
who supported this in every way.

          Thank you, Max Cleland, for the power of your example and the
largeness of your heart.  Thank you, Tom Harkin.  Every day you redeem the
promise of your brother's life and your love for him in what you have done.
(Applause.)  Thank you, Senator Levin and Congressman Levin; Congressman
Eliot Engel.  I like your beard.  (Laughter.)

          I had a note that said, Eliot Engel was here, and I thought
instead it was Fidel Castro for a moment.  (Laughter.)  But you look very

          Thank you, Jim Langevin, for running for Congress -- (applause)
-- and for winning.  Ken Apfel, our Social Security Administrator, is here.
Thank you.  (Applause.)  Thank you, Justin Dart, for seeding the crowd with
signs.  I think you must have something to do -- (applause.)

          I want to thank all the donors, and a special word of
appreciation to two folks who did a lot of our work -- one who has been
acknowledged -- thank you, Jonathan Young; thank you, Bill White.  Thank
you very much.  You guys have been great.  (Applause.)  And I, too, want to
thank Larry Halperin and Bob Graham.

          This whole memorial has exceeded my wildest dreams for it.  It
gives you a feel that is completely different from any other memorial.  It
is grand and beautiful, all right, but it is so accessible, in a way that I
think would have pleased President Roosevelt and Mrs. Roosevelt.  And, of
course, this last addition is even more than the icing on the cake.

          I know that for Larry and for Bob this has been a labor of love
and honor.  And we honor them for what they have done.  Thank you very
much.  (Applause.)

          I would like to also say to all of you that, as a person who has
loved the history of my country and tried to learn more about it every day,
it would have been under any circumstances an honor in my life to become
friends with Jim Roosevelt and his wife, Anne.  But what I want you to know
is they are the true heirs of their ancestors because they are exceptional
and wonderful people, and I'm very glad to be here with them.  (Applause.)

          Last Saturday marked the 60th anniversary of President
Roosevelt's speech on the Four Freedoms.  It is fitting to remember it here
today, for this is the story of freedom in this memorial:  freedom's steady
advance across the land, from the school room to the voting booth to the
corridors of power; freedom's open arms embracing the tired, the poor, the
huddled masses from every shore; freedom's rising tide across the globe as
more people and more places secure the blessings of liberty; and freedom's
march for people with disabilities here at home and around the world.

          This is a monument to freedom -- the power of every man and woman
to transcend circumstance, to laugh in the face of fate, to make the most
of what God has given.  This is a statue of freedom.  I, too, am glad that
the statue is built at a scale not larger than life, but lifelike.  Not
raised on a pedestal, but available, touchable, for people who are in
wheelchairs and people who cannot see.  The power of the statue is in its
immediacy, and in its reminder to all who touch, all who see, all who walk
or wheel around, that they, too, are free, but every person must claim

          In April of 1997, when I asked for a depiction of FDR's
disability here at the memorial, I, like every other American who had paid
attention, knew that he went to some length to hide his disability on
almost all occasions.  But he lived in a different time, when people
thought being disabled was being unable.  Though he proved them wrong every
day, he was a canny fellow.  And he didn't want to risk any vote loss by
letting people see him in a wheelchair.  (Laughter.)  Of the more than
10,000 photos in his archives, only four show him as he is depicted in this
magnificent statue today.

          He knew the impact of the image, and he knew, seen wrong, in
those days it could have ended his political life.  But he also knew he had
an obligation to use it when appropriate.  On rare occasion, he did so to
great effect.  His speech writer, Sam Rosenman, said he could never forget,
as he put it, the look of courage and faith and self-reliance and affection
in the faces of disabled Americans who were given the privilege of seeing
FDR struggle with his own disability, and the joy of watching him overcome

          For example, in the summer of 1944, President Roosevelt spent an
afternoon at a naval hospital in Hawaii.  The men there had been seriously
wounded, and many had lost limbs in the war.  He insisted on wheeling
himself into their wards.  He wanted to show them that he, the President of
the United States, could not walk any better than they, but he could still
show courage and hope and inner strength.

          He said that returning Americans with disabilities to active and
productive lives was a great objective for the nation, one of the greatest
causes of humanity.  It's hard to believe that that was a very unusual
statement to make back then.

          It was one of the basic tenants of the New Deal, the inherent
worth of all Americans, our shared responsibility to empower them.  That is
what we have sought to do here for eight years -- to avoid any barrier that
would keep the potential of any American from being fully tapped.

          We have tried to reward work and give people the support they
need to live their lives in freedom.  Even in the last days of the
administration, we are still working on efforts to increase employment of
Americans with disabilities, to provide alternatives to institutions, and
we're going out with a report on the progress we've made and what we still
have to do.

          We must always remember that in the end, the story of America is
the story of freedom and interdependence.  The crowd that started us off
pledged their lives, their fortunes, their sacred honor to forming a more
perfect union.  That's what they said.

          What does that mean?  It means that people can never fulfill
their own lives completely unless they're working with their neighbors to
help them fulfill theirs.  And so we have to constantly work to push back
the frontiers of our imagination, to advance the cause of both freedom and
community -- that interdependence which makes life richer.  That means we
have to encourage each other along the way, as well.

          President Roosevelt once told a little girl who, like him, had
been stricken with polio, that she must keep up the splendid fight.  For
someone else who has not suffered in that way, to say it is "splendid," for
Max Cleland to labor all those years against his horrible war injuries to
become a great member of the United States Senate, seems almost out of
place.  But the truth is we have to learn to talk to each other that way.

          One thing I like about the disability movement today is it has
moved beyond trying to get the rest of us to do the right thing out of
compassion, doing the right thing because it's the right thing and the only
sensible thing to do.  (Applause.)

          I want you all to go out when you leave here not just to look at
the statue, but to read -- in letters or Braille -- the quote behind the
statue by Eleanor Roosevelt, who pointed out that before he was stricken
with polio, President Roosevelt had never been forced to become a truly
great man; had never been forced to develop those habits of infinite
patience and persistence, without which life cannot be fully lived.  And I
want you to think about that.

          The reason this is a story of freedom is that what matters most
in life is the spirit and the journey of the spirit.  And we lug along that
journey whatever body God gives us and whatever happens to it along the
way, and whatever mind we were born with.  But a clever mind and a
beautiful body can themselves be disabilities on the spirit journey.

          And so we celebrate freedom and dignity for incredibly brave
people, whose lives were all embodied by that incredibly brave man, whose
disability made him more free for his spirit to soar and his nation to
survive and prosper.

          Thank you very much.  (Applause.)

                                END         12:12 P.M. EST

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