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President's remarks at Citizens Medal Ceremony, 1/8/01

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                              THE WHITE HOUSE

                       Office of the Press Secretary

Immediate Release                           January 8, 2001

                         REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT
                        AT CITIZENS MEDAL CEREMONY


3:32 P.M. EST

     THE PRESIDENT:  Thank you and good afternoon.  I would like to thank
all of you for coming and welcome you to the White House.  But especially
the members of Congress who either are or have been here.  Senator Cleland,
welcome, sir.  Senator Kennedy; Representative Gilman -- Mr. Chairman
Gilman; Representative Eleanor Holmes Norton; Representative Sununu.  And
Mr. Justice Souter, we're delighted to see you here today, we thank you for
coming.  (Applause.)

     I won't have many more chances to do this, so I'd also like to thank
the United States Marine Band for being here and for all their work.

     Yesterday, Hillary and Chelsea and I went to Foundry Methodist Church,
which has been our home church since we've been in Washington.  And they
asked me to speak on reflections and anticipations.  And I said I had many
anticipations.  I anticipated, for example, that my religious bearing would
be severely tested when I returned to commercial air travel.  (Laughter.)
And I further anticipated that whenever I walked into a large room for the
next six months, I would be lost because the Marine Band wouldn't be there
to play a song anymore.  (Laughter.)  So I thank them so much for all
they've done this last eight years.

     One of the greatest honors I have had as President has been the
opportunity to recognize and to honor on behalf of the American people the
rich and diverse accomplishments of our fellow citizens.  This ceremony
marks the last time I will honor such a remarkable group at the White
House.  And I am profoundly grateful for this opportunity.

     More than two centuries ago, our founders staked their lives, their
fortunes and their sacred honor on a revolutionary proposition -- that
people of competing ideas, but common ideals, could form a more perfect
union.  A democracy built solely on the strength of its citizens.

     They felt it essential that America honor both the individual and the
idea that a free people can accomplish their greatest work only by doing so
together, for a common good.  Today, we honor citizens whose individual
contributions to the common good embody this ideal in its purest essence.
We honor them with the President's Citizens Medal.

     Among our nation's highest civilian honors, the Citizens Medal is a
symbol of our gratitude as a people for those who have, in particular,
performed exemplary deeds of service to others.

     Now, let me say a few words about each of those who we honor, and I
will ask my military aide to present me with a medal and then I will
present the medals.

     Every baseball fan knows Hank Aaron holds more records than any other
single ball player.  Indeed, one of the truly great experiences of my
Presidency was going to Atlanta for the 25th anniversary of the night Hank
Aaron broke Babe Ruth's home run record.  But his courage and dignity have
left a lasting mark on far more than baseball.

     We honor him today not only for the power of his swing but for the
power of his spirit; for breaking down barriers not just on the baseball
field or in the front office, but also within America's heart.  In the
spotlight and under pressure, he always answered bigotry and brutality with
poise and purpose.

     In chasing his dream, Hank Aaron gave others the inspiration to chase
their own.  And after he left baseball, he and his wonderful wife, Billye,
have done what they could to give young people more tools to win their own
chase.  Hank Aaron, you are an American hero, and we salute you for your
life.  (Applause.)

     Because he could float like a butterfly and sting like a bee, Mohhamed
Ali became the first boxer in history to capture the heavyweight title
three separate times.  Along the way, he captured the world's imagination
and its heart.  Outside the ring, Mohammed Ali has dedicated his life to
working for children, feeding the hungry, supporting his faith and standing
up for racial equality.  He has always fought for a just and more humane
world, breaking down barriers here in America and around the world.

     There are no telling how many tens of millions of people had their
hearts swell with pride and their eyes swell with tears in 1996 when
Mohammed Ali lit the Olympic torch.  Because we know now, and forever, he
is the greatest.  (Applause.)

     As a civics teacher fresh out of college, Juan Andrade showed up for
the first day of class eager to teach his students the fundamentals of
American democracy.  Two days later, he was under arrest.  What was his
terrible crime?  He was teaching his students in his native tongue,
Spanish, which was at the time a violation of Texas law.

     That early injustice helped to spark Juan's life-long crusade for
Hispanic American civil rights, including the founding of the United States
Hispanic Leadership Institute and nearly a thousand registration drives
that have enfranchised over 1 million new voters.  Today, we honor Juan
Andrade for his courage, his commitment to both democracy and diversity;
and for giving so many more Americans a voice in their own destiny.

     (The medal was presented.)  (Applause.)

     Ruby Bridges was born in 1954, the year the Supreme Court decided
Brown v. Board of Education.  Six years later, when she entered the 1st
grade, the schools in her home town of New Orleans were still separate and

     Ruby was chosed in integrate William France Public School,
single-handedly.  So when mobs gathered and shouted around this six-year
old girl, she knelt and prayed.  She had two U.S. Marshals ahead of her and
two behind, but "prayer," she later said, was my protection."

     Today, in lectures and books, Ruby is telling younger generations her
story of strength and faith.  And through the Ruby Bridges Foundation, she
is helping schools to establish diversity programs, to achieve without the
struggle and pain what she did four and a half decades ago.

     Today, we pay tribute to the courage of a little girl and to the
commitment of a lifetime.

     (The medal was presented.)  (Applause.)

     One of Ron Brown's favorite Bible passages came from the 40th chapter
of Isaiah, "Those who wait upon the Lord shall have their strength renewed;
they shall mount up with wings as eagles; they shall run and not grow
weary; they shall walk and not faint."

     Well, Ron walked, ran and soared through life and I can personally
testify never grew weary.  As the chairman of my party, he inspired people
to believe in our democratic system and to get involved.  As Secretary of
Commerce, he opened up new markets at home and abroad, so that people
throughout the world and here in America might, through work, have better
lives for their families.

     His legacy still burns brightly, not only in the hearts of those who
knew him, but also in the work of his daughter, Tracey, who wrote a
wonderful biography of her father; the work of his son, Michael, who runs
the Ron Brown Foundation; and the living testimony of all the young people
who, even now, walk through doors he opened and cross bridges he built.

     We honor his memory today and, Alma, I am glad you could be with us to
share the moment.

     (The medal was presented.)  (Applause.)

     For nearly 20 years, Don Cameron has served as the executive director
of the National Education Association.  But his career began long before
that, as a Michigan junior high school teacher in the early '60s.  His
starting salary was a handsome $5,100 a year, hardly enough to support a
family.  So, while teaching, he worked odd jobs -- pumping gas, selling
hardware, driving a truck, even digging graves -- all for the love of
teaching.  Let no one say this man was not deadly serious about his job.

     His enthusiasm has never wavered.  During his remarkable tenure, the
National Education Association grew by more than a million members.  It
nearly doubled in size.  He has always fought for quality schools, smaller
classes, making sure that teachers are meeting high professional standards
and, in turn, are treated as the professionals they are.  Our schools are
stronger and our children's future brighter because of his decades of
dedicated leadership.  Thank you, Don Cameron.

     (The medal was presented.)  (Applause.)

     When Pope John the 23rd urged Catholics to engage in the world and
address the needs of the poor, Sister Carol Coston, an Adrian Dominican
Nun, answered the call.  She left the security of her convent to live and
work in a public housing project.  Then she helped to create Network, a
national Catholic lobby that has mobilized thousands of nuns and lay people
to fight for social progress in South Africa, for women's rights and for
economic justice.  She helped to win passage of the Community Reinvestment
Act, which has led to billions of dollars in investment in our inner
cities.  I am proud to say, sister, 95 percent of it in the last eight
years.  (Applause.)

     And she founded Partners for the Common Good, a fund that invests in
housing and entrepreneurship in low income neighborhoods.  For your work as
an agent of change, rooted in the values of your faith, Sister Carol, a
grateful nation honors you today.

     (The medal was presented.)  (Applause.)

     As a young government lawyer during World War II, Archibald Cox helped
to get labor unions and corporations to stop fighting each other -- a work
that's still going on today -- and to start working together for an allied
victory.  That same steely resolve and sense of high purpose have marked
his entire astonishing career.  Fighting for labor rights in the '50s,
civil rights in the '60s, and during Watergate, rising that fateful night
to defend our Constitution, he has come to embody the highest ideals of
integrity and courage in public life.

     Archibald Cox, every American, whether he or she knows your name or
not, owes you a profound debt of thanks for a lifetime of your service to
your country and its Constitution.

     (The medal was presented.)  (Applause.)

     Just as Lewis and Clark set forth to explore a continent shrouded in
mysterious possibility, Charles Delisi pioneered the exploration of a
modern day frontier, the human genome.

     As an administrator and researcher in the Department of Energy in the
mid-1980s, he worked in close partnership with Senator Pete Domenici, along
with others who supported his efforts to marshal federal resources and
secure funding for this groundbreaking research.

     Charles Delisi's imagination and determination helped to ignite the
revoution in sequencing that would ultimately unravel the code of human
life itself.  Thanks to Charles Delisis's vision and leadership, in the
year 2000 we announced the complete sequencing of the human genome.  And
researchers are now closer than ever to finding therapies and cures for
ailments once thought untreatable.

     At once scientist, entrepeneur and teacher, Charles Delisi is also, in
the truest sense, a humanitarian, a man whose life work has been life
itself.  We honor you today, sir, along with the members of the United
States Congress, including your friend, Senator Domenici, who had the
vision to support you when you began, before we could see this great turn
in the road.  Thank you.

     (The medal was presented.)  (Applause.)

     The spread of civil and human rights throughout America and across the
globe has been one of the great dramas and triumphs of the last half
century.  Jack Greenberg has been at the center of the action.

     As a young lawyer, he helped Thurgood Marshall argue Brown versus
Board of Education before the Supreme Court.  As head of the NAACP Legal
Defense Fund for 23 years, he, himself, argued dozens of key racial
discrimination cases before the high court.  Through his early involvment
with organizations such as Asia Watch, he aided the expansion of human
rights around the world.

     Oliver Wendal Holmes once said that to truly live, one must share the
action and passion of one's time.  If that remains the standard, Jack
Greenberg has truly lived and, in the process, has lifted the lives of
countless others.

     (The medal was presented.)  (Applause.)

     When David Ho was a boy, he used puppets to act out stories about
heroes who used supernatural powers to defend the weak.  Everyone knew
young David was uncommonly bright, but few could have imagined that one day
he would harness the unimagined powers of science to defend patients whose
immune systems were fatally weakened by AIDS.

     By demonstrating the ways HIV attacks the human body, he fundamentally
changed the way we understand and treat this devastating disease.  His
groundbreaking work, using proteus inhibitors, in combination with standard
therapies, has offered a longer life to countless people living with AIDS.

     And so we thank you, Daivd Ho, for giving us new hope that AIDS can be
treated, and one day cured, and for reminding us that a child's dream can
lead to miracles for others.

     (The medal was presented.)  (Applause.)

     In 1988, the students at Gallaudet University rose up to demand a
university president who was like them, deaf or hard of hearing.
Gallaudet, the only university in the world designed entirely for students
who are deaf or hard of hearing, never had had a deaf president.  That is,
not until I. King Jordan.

     His appointment was not only a triumph for the students of Gallaudet,
but a historic breakthrough for all people with disabilities, and a
powerful reminder for the rest of our nation that deaf people like I. King
Jordan can excel and lead as well as any other Americans.  Moved by his
example, and the efforts of the entire disability community, Congress soon
passed the Americans With Disabilities Act, the most important civil rights
legislation in the last quarter century.

     I. King Jordan has been a great teacher, a great university President,
a great inspiration to millions of people around the world.  Along the way,
he's found time to be a not inconsiderable athlete, I might add, running
great distances at more than reasonable speeds.  (Laughter.)  And he has
been a very good friend to this President for the last eight years.

     Thank you President Jordan, for your example and your leadership.

     (The medal was presented.)  (Applause.)

     Franklin Roosevelt once said, we must scrupulously guard the civil
rights and civil liberties of all our citizens, whatever their background.
In the decades since, America has had few guardians of liberty more
scrupulous or staunch than Anthony Lewis.  Reporter, columnist, professor,
author, Tony Lewis, in every role, has been a clear and courageous voice
for the values at the core of our Constitution.

     In books like, "Gideon's Trumpet," he has deepened our understanding
of freedom of speech, and our continuing battle for civil rights.  Twice,
his reporting has won the Pulitzer Prize.  Perhaps even more important,
throughout a lifetime, all his writings, including his column, have shown a
commitment and a passion with a civil tone and a careful, thoughtful
reasoning that have been more powerful than the forces of brute power and

     Thank you, Tony Lewis, for the values you have espoused, for the way
you have espoused them and for never growing weary.
     (The medal was presented.)  (Applause.)

     It was 1944, war time, and African American soldiers were fighting and
dying to protect freedom around the world.  Unfortunately, African
Americans were also battling an insidious enemy here at home, Jim Crow.  It
was then that a young mother, named Irene Morgan, took up that fight with
dignity and determination.

     On her way to a doctor's appointment, she refused to give up her seat
on a segregated Greyhound bus and appealed her subsequent arrest all the
way to the U.S. Supreme Court.  The court's 1946 ruling banning segregation
on interstate transportation was an early victory in the struggle for civil
rights.  It signaled the beginning of the end for Jim Crow.

     Over all the decades since, Irene Morgan has never asked for
accolades.  But today we honor her.  We acknowledge our debt to her quiet
and brave fight for freedom.  And we acknowledge the fact that she was
there before just about anybody else -- and in spite of that, she still
looks like a beautiful, young woman.  Irene Morgan.

     (The medal was presented.)  (Applause.)

     When Constance Baker Motley joined the NAACP Legal Defense and
Education Fund, she set out to do nothing less than remake American law.
Along the way, she herself made history.

     A key strategist in the civil rights movement, she argued nine winning
cases before the Supreme Court.  She went on to become the first African
American woman elected to the New York State Senate, the first woman and
the first African American to be borough president of Manhattan, the first
African American woman to be named a federal court judge.

     Once she said she sought to, "prove in everything I do that blacks and
women are as capable as anyone."  (Applause.)

     As advocate, lawyer, public servant and judge, she has been far more
than capable; she has been superb.  And Constance Baker Motley, we are all
in your debt.

     (The medal was presented.)  (Applause.)

     In the 1960s, Dr. Helen Rodriguez-Trias grew outraged at the poor
quality of pediatric health care in her native Puerto Rico, so she created
the island's first center for newborn babies at the University of Puerto
Rico Medical Center, and cut the hospital's infant death rate in half.

     Ever since, in New York, in California, all across America, Dr.
Rodriguez-Trias has been working for better patient care, for better
treatment and prevention of AIDS, for women's health rights, for fighting
the good fight and saving countless lives, mostly among poor people that
are too often forgotten by others.

     I am proud to present this medal to Dr. Helen Rodriguez-Trias.

     (The medal was presented.)  (Applause.)

     When Edward Roybal joined the Civilian Conservation Corps in 1934, he
didn't know he was embarking on a lifetime of service to his country, but
it turned out that way.  In World War II, he served in the Army; in the
1950s on the Los Angeles city council.  In 1962, he became the first
Hispanic elected to Congress from California in almost a century, paving
the way for a whole generation of Latino lawmakers.  During his 30 years in
Congress, he championed veterans, the elderly, the mentally ill, education,
health care, and minority rights.

     For a lifetime of work that has improved the lives of millions and for
lighting the path for other Latino office holders, we honor today Edward
Roybal.  He is unable to join us, but it is a particular pleasure for me to
present this award to his daughter, now a member of the United States
Congress, Representative Lucille Roybal-Allard.

     (The medal was presented.)  (Applause.)

     Eight years ago, in a very troubled time for the American economy, I
asked Bob Rubin to head my economic team and to establish for the first
time a National Economic Council in the White House and involving all the
economic agencies of the government.  I did it not because he had been
immensely successful in making money and knew a lot about the economy, but
because he also understood the very real impact decisions in Washington
have on the lives and livelihoods of ordinary Americans all across this

     As my National Economic Advisor, and later as a superb Secretary of
the Treasury, Bob balanced a commitment to fiscal prudence and social
progress.  He understood that good economics and a generous progressive
social policy could go hand in hand.

     He helped to balance the nation's books and to balance the nation's
priorities.  And it is no accident that his leadership in economic policy
accompanied not only the longest economic expansion in history but last
year, the biggest drop in child poverty in 34 years, the biggest increase
in personal income among the lowest 20 percent of working Americans in a
very long time and a general growth in the equality and harmony we all seek
from all our people.

     He also never let me forget our special responsibilities to the inner
cities of America, which is why I mentioned earlier that even though the
Community Reinvestment Act has been on the books for over 20 years, 95
percent of all the investment occurred during the last eight years.

     Thank you, Bob Rubin, for helping make America a better place.

     (The medal was presented.)  (Applause.)

     As a combat platoon leader in the Korean War, Warren Rudman never
worried about the race or background of the men with whom he fought.  As a
United States Senator, he never let his party affiliation keep him from
speaking his mind or building alliances to fight the great legislative
battles.  He fought to strengthen and modernize our national defense and to
put our fiscal house in order.

     As a private citizen, he has continued to champion those causes with
bipartisan zeal.  As co-founder of the Concord Coalition and as the leader
of my Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board, he has repeatedly, during these
eight years of my Presidency, undertaken difficult, thankless, inherently
controversial tasks with an honesty and candor that showed a support for
our nation and a willingness to call them as he saw them.

     For his wise counsel, and his faithful service to our nation, I am
grateful and proud to present Senator Warren Rudman with the Citizens

     (The medal was presented.)  (Applause.)

     Soon after graduating from law school, Charles Ruff volunteered to go
to Liberia to teach law.  There he contracted an illness that left him in a
wheelchair for life.  But this obstacle, nor any other, could ever keep him
from doing good.  He went on to serve in the Justice Department as United
States Attorney, and the chief lawyer for the District of Columbia, the
town he loved so well.

     I chose him as my White House Counsel because of his unmatched ability
as a legal advocate and his even deeper devotion to the Constitution and
the rule of law.  Not long ago he agreed to lead the Fair Labor Association
to help end sweat shops, and improve the lives of the world's poorest

     A few weeks ago, Chuck Ruff left our lives, far too soon.  But his
determined spirit continues to inspire us and to call on us to do more, to
do right, to do good.  We at the White House loved him very much, but so
did countless others, far beyond the walls of this hallowed place.  His
secretary of 21 years, Ora Theard, will accept the medal in his memory.
And we thank him for the memories.

     (The medal was presented.)  (Applause.)

     As a young man, Arthur Schneier fled his homeland and survived the
Holocaust as a refugee.  He knows, therefore, firsthand the consequences of
hatred and intolerance and has devoted his life to fighting them.  As
founder and president of the Appeal of Conscience Foundation, he has
encouraged inter-faith dialogue, inter-cultural understanding and the cause
of religious freedom around the world.  He has served as international
envoy for four administrations, including my own.

     As Chairman of the U.S. Commission for the Preservation of America's
Heritage Abroad and as the long-time rabbi of Park East Synagogue in New
York City, Rabbi, I thank you for all the many things you have done here
with me the last eight years to promote religious liberty around the world,
and I thank you for a lifetime of good work and good examples.

     I look forward to seeing you in New York, where perhaps you will
become my rabbi.  Thank you.

     (The medal was presented.)  (Applause.)

     Before he was 40 years old, Eli Segal had already built a string of
successful businesses.  He had also had a string of successful friends.  In
1992, by blind accident, I wound up being one of them, and I asked my old
friend, Eli Segal, to join my administration, where he built from scratch
two of our most successful programs.

     Eli began AmeriCorps, which has already given more than 150,000 young
people a chance to serve in their communities and, in so doing, earn some
money for college.  Indeed, more people served in AmeriCorps in the first
five years of its existence than in the first 25 years of the Peace Corps'
existence.  (Applause.)

     And after he returned briefly to private life and his great affinity
for making money, I called him back and I said we needed some more help.
He then built our Welfare to Work partnership, which enlisted in the space
of about three years, over 20,000 businesses, in hiring more than 1 million
people from the welfare rolls.  (Applause.)

     These efforts have both widened the circle of opportunity in America
and strengthened the tradition of service to country.  For this, all
Americans owe Eli Segal a special debt of gratitude.  If you have ever seen
the faces of those young AmeriCorps kids, or the pride of people who have
moved from welfare to work, you know why we're in Eli's debt.  Thank you
very much.

     (The medal was presented.)  (Applause.)

     John Seiberling has worn many hats and won many accolades.  As a
soldier in World War II, as a lawyer for the New York Legal Aids Society, a
community planner for his beloved city of Akron, a Congressman from Ohio
fighting for civil rights and arms control.  In all arenas he has
contributed to community and country.

     But his greatest achievement was crafting and winning passage of the
Alaska Lands Act of 1980, which doubled the size of our inventory of
National Parks and Wildlife Refugees, and tripled the area of federally
designated wilderness.  With that legislation, John Seiberling
singlehandedly saved more of our wilderness than any previous American, a
legacy that will last for generations.

     Unfortunately, this environmental hero is unable to join us today, but
we are very glad that his son, John, will accept the medal on his behalf.

     (The medal was presented.)  (Applause.)

     Few newspaper publishers in American history have been more effective
crusaders for justice than the late John Sengstake.  As owner and editor of
the legendary Chicago Defender for almost 60 years, he provided a national
forum for African American issues and voices that otherwise would have gone
unheard.  He nurtured the talents of countless black journalists, and as a
confidant of presidents, plaid a key roll in integrating the Armed
Services, the Postal Service, Major League Baseball and the White House
press corps.

     On behalf of a grateful nation, I offer this medal posthumously to his
son, Bobby.

     (The medal was presented.)  (Applause.)

     When bigots blew up his house with dynamite, the Reverend Fred
Shuttlesworth stood in front of the smoking rubble and renewed his call for
an integrated Birmingham.  When the city fathers had him arrested for civil
disobedience, he filled the jails with so many sympathetic protesters,
there was no room to hold them all.  When angry authorities blasted him
with a fire hose, he told them they could knock him down, but they could
not extinguish the torch of justice.

     Fred Shuttlesworth risked his life so that every American, no matter
the color of his or her skin, might live in a nation of dignity,
opportunity and equal justice under law.  We thank him for a lifetime of
leadership, and for an unextinguished spirit.

     (The medal was presented.)  (Applause.)

     She was born in England, but Elizabeth Taylor became thoroughly
American royalty.  For more than a generation, she has reigned over the
silver screen, stirring hearts and capturing imaginations.  She earned two
Oscars and countless other honors as an actress.

     But perhaps her greatest role has been off the screen, as a relentless
and very, very early crusader for AIDS research and care.  (Applause.)  She
raised millions and millions of dollars in this fight, and raised awareness
about the human impact of this dreaded disease before many, many others
were on the bandwagon.

     Elizabeth Taylor has brought to life unforgettable characters on film,
but she has brought even more hope to millions around the world.  We thank
her for sharing her talent and her heart.  Thank you, Elizabeth Taylor.

     (The medal was presented.)  (Applause.)

     When the Nazis marched on Vienna, a six-year old girl fled with her
mother across Europe, only to wind up in an internment camp rife with
starvation, disease and death.  Out of that searing experience, Marion
Wiesel summoned the courage to commit her life to teaching others,
especially children, about the human cost of hatred, intolerance and

     She has written a documentary about the 1.3 million children murdered
in the Holocaust and has translated the books of her husband, Eli Wiesel,
so that countless more people can read and learn their lessons.  With the
money from his Nobel Prize, she and Eli established the Wiesel Foundation,
to educate children against indifference to the suffering of others.

     Marion, for your mission of hope against hate, of life against death,
of good over evil, it is an honor to award you this Citizens Medal.

     (The medal was presented.)  (Applause.)

     Patrisha Wright was training to be an orthopedic surgeon when a
degenerative muscle disease left her with double vision.  Instead of fixing
broken bones, she set about to fix what was broken in our system and
dedicated her life to ending discrimination against people with

     As founder of the Disability Rights Education and Defense Fund, she
joined forces with the wider civil rights community.  Her strategic
brilliance and no-nonsense approach during passage of the Americans with
Disabilities Act earned her the title of "The General."  (Applause.)

     Now she works to empower people and families with disabilities
throughout the entire world.  Ever since a visual impairment changed the
path of her career, her dedication to civil rights has changed the path of
America and helped more of us to see clearly.  Today we salute you, The
General, Patrisha Wright.

     (The medal was presented.)  (Applause.)

     Ladies and gentlemen, we thank you for joining us to honor these
remarkable people.  Some of them are famous, and some were not, at least
until today.  Some of them had their service thrust upon them by
circumstances, others chose the path.  Whatever their stories, together
they form a remarkable fabric of what is best about our country, what is
best about its history, and what is most encouraging when we look to the

     They remind us, once again, something that I need to remember in these
days, that the greatest title any one of us can ever hold is that of

     Thank you and goodbye.  (Applause.)

                          END                    4:18 P.M. EST

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