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Remarks by the President to 91st National Convention of the NAACP (7/13/00)

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The Briefing Room
                              THE WHITE HOUSE

                       Office of the Press Secretary
For Immediate Release                   July 13, 2000

                         REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT

                        Baltimore Convention Center
                                    Baltimore, Maryland

10:55 A.M. EDT

          THE PRESIDENT:  Well, let me say it's good to see you.  Thank you
for making me feel so welcome.  Thank you, Julian; thank you, Kweisi.
Thank you, Myrlie Evers Williams.  Ben Hooks, Elaine Jones, the whole
board.  Thank you, Wendell Anthony, for letting me come to Detroit to the
biggest dinner in the history of the world.  (Applause.)

          I know I had dinner with Wendell in Detroit with over 10,000
people, because he told me so, but I couldn't even see the people at the
other head table, it was so big.  (Laughter.)

          Thank you, Mayor O'Malley, for welcoming us to Baltimore and for
being such a great leader.  (Applause.)  Thank you, Representative Elijah
Cummings, for representing Baltimore so well.  (Applause.)  And thank you,
Mayor John Street, for representing Philadelphia so well and making it true
to the founders' dreams.  (Applause.)

          I have, I know, oh, a dozen or more members of the White House
staff here, but I would like to mention a few:  Thurgood Marshall, Jr.,
whose father was a native of Baltimore -- (applause) -- my chief
speechwriter, Terry Edmonds, a Baltimore native.  (Applause.)  I thank Mark
Lindsey; Mary Beth Cahill; Ben Johnson, who runs our One America office; my
political director, Minyon Moore; Janis Kearney; Broderick Johnson, a
Baltimore native; Orson Porter; and we have at least another half a dozen
folks who are here because they wanted to be here with you today.

          This has been a remarkable week for African Americans.  Venus
Williams became the first African American woman since Althea Gibson to win
the Wimbledon.  (Applause.)  Perhaps even more remarkable for those who
know the mysteries of the church, Baltimore's own Dr. Vashti McKenzie
became the first woman bishop in the history of the A.M.E. Church.

          And you have had an amazing conference.  I'm really glad Governor
Bush came.  (Laughter.)  I am.  But I thought the other fellow gave a
better speech.  (Applause.)  And I liked especially the speech that that
Senate candidate from New York gave.  I caught that one on Tuesday.

          I want to tell you, I'm very proud, as we look back on the last
seven and a half years of all the work that my wife has done -- not just
for those, but for 30 years for children, for families, for education, for
health care.  But as First Lady, she has done so much to increase adoption
and improve foster care, to increase the access to children to health care
and to early education.  (Applause.)  And one thing that ought to be of
particular importance to the African American community -- for the
celebration of the millennium, she started -- she had this theme, we were
going to honor the past and imagine the future.  And part of honoring the
past was setting aside millennial treasures, a lot of which are important
landmarks of the civil rights movement -- Abraham Lincoln's summer home at
the Old Soldiers' Home; Harriet Tubman's cottage up in New York; a lot of
other places.

          And the head of the National Historic Preservation Trust came up
to me the other day when we were protecting Mr. Lincoln's home, and he
said, Mr. President, I want you to know that your wife came up with this
idea of the millennial treasures.  It has now raised $100 million in
public/private money.  It's the biggest historic preservation movement in
the history of the United States of America.  So I'm very proud of her for
that.  (Applause.)

          Now, as all of you know, I came here from Camp David this
morning, where we are meeting with the Israelis and the Palestinians in an
effort to resolve the profound differences that have kept the people of the
Middle East apart for a very long time.  I know that in our quest for a
full, fair and final peace -- which Dr. King reminded us is more than the
absence of war, but the presence of justice and brotherhood and genuine
reconciliation -- I know we will have your prayers and your best wishes.

          But I had to come to Baltimore today, because you embody the
spirit of freedom and reconciliation we're trying to capture there, that we
need so badly in our talks; a spirit that is woven into the fabric of
American life because of the contributions of African Americans from W.E.B.
DuBois, to Rosa to Thurgood to Martin to Daisy Bates, Coretta, Medgar,
Malcolm, to Jesse and John Lewis and Julian and Kweisi.  (Applause.)

          One of the greatest days of my presidency was last march, on the
35th anniversary of Bloody         Sunday, when I was honored to walk with
many people in this room across the Pettus Bridge in Thelma.  I said then
something I'd like to repeat today -- that as a son of the South, the brave
souls who marched across that bridge 35 years ago set me free, too.
(Applause.)  It is important to know that every movement for human rights
in this country is about even more than gaining equal opportunity and equal
rights and decent justice for the oppressed.  It is also about forgiveness
and healing; about letting go and moving on; about giving our children a
better tomorrow.

          So I wanted to be here especially during these peace talks to
draw strength from you and take the spirit of the NAACP back to Camp David.
(Applause.)  I wanted to come here one last time to say thank you -- a
simple, but deep thank you for your support, your prayers, your friendship
over all these years, for all that we have done to turn America around and
bring America closer together.

          Eight years ago this week -- I can't believe it -- eight years
ago this week, at your National Conference in Nashville, I was the governor
of Arkansas, the apparent nominee of the Democratic Party.  And I brought
my choice for Vice President, Senator Al Gore, to the NAACP Convention.
(Applause.)  Rather, I accepted Ben Hooks' mandatory invitation to appear.

          And I pledged then -- and I want to quote it exactly, I don't
want to miss a word -- I pledged you, "an administration that looks like
America; one that knows the promise and the pain of this country; one that
will rebuild, reunite and renew the American spirit."  I think together we
have honored that pledge.  (Applause.)  Thank you.

          The American Dream is real to more Americans than it was seven
and a half years ago.  And we are more nearly one America than we were
seven and a half years ago:  with 22 million new jobs; the lowest
unemployment and welfare rolls in 30 years; the lowest crime rates in 25
years; the lowest child poverty in 20 years; the lowest minority
unemployment rates ever recorded; the lowest female unemployment rates in
40 years; the highest home ownership in history; the longest economic
expansion in history.  We have more opportunity than we did seven and a
half years ago.  (Applause.)

          And, perhaps equally important, our social fabric is on the mend.
The Family and Medical Leave law, the first bill I signed, vetoed in the
previous administration, has allowed over 20 million Americans to take a
little time off when a baby was born or a parent was sick, without losing
their jobs, and it's been good for the economy, not bad for the economy.
          For the first time ever, 90 percent of our children are immunized
against serious childhood diseases.  Our food is safer, our air is cleaner,
our water is purer.  More land has been protected for all time to come for
Americans to enjoy; 150,000 young Americans have served in communities in
every state in this country in AmeriCorps.  The high school graduation rate
of African Americans is virtually equal with that of the white majority,
for the first time in the history of the United States of America.
(Applause.)  And all over the country I have seen schools that once were
failing, turning around.

          In Harlem, I was in a school the other day where, two years ago,
80 percent of the children were reading and doing mathematics below grade
level; two years later, 74 percent of the children reading and doing
mathematics at or above grade level -- in just two years.  This is
happening all over America.  (Applause.)

          Today, we're releasing an annual report on the status of our
children.  According to the study, the teen birth rate for 15 to
17-year-olds has dropped to the lowest level ever recorded.  The birth rate
for African American adolescents has dropped by nearly one-third since
1991.  (Applause.)

          The report also found that child poverty continues its decline.
And the rate of serious violent crime committed by young people has dropped
by more than half since 1993, to the lowest level recorded since statistics
has been kept on this subject.  This is very good news.  (Applause.)  And I
hope you will trumpet it, not because we're as safe as we need to be, but
we need to destroy stereotypes so we can start making real progress on the
issues still remaining.

          Now -- so that's my report.  Thank you for giving me a chance to
serve.  That's my report.  Now, here's my question:  What do you intend to
do with all this?  You know, I'm going to treasure this award for the rest
of my life.  But what really matters is what all of us do tomorrow with
what our yesterdays have piled up.  (Applause.)  So before you leave here,
when you go home and people say, what did you do in Baltimore, if you don't
answer any other thing, you ought to be able to say, well, I figured out
what I was going to do with all the prosperity and progress my country has
made in the last eight years.

          That is the issue.  And I guess I can say this now because my
hair is a lot grayer and I've got a few more wrinkles than I had eight
years ago.  But one thing I know -- how a nation deals with its prosperity
is just as stern a test of its judgment, its vision and its values as how a
nation deals with adversity.  After all, when you elected me eight years
ago -- and the other side kind of referred to me as a governor of a small
southern state, and I was so naive I thought it was a compliment   --
(laughter.)  You know what -- I still do.  (Applause.)        But when you
elected me, it didn't require rocket science to know that if we had
quadrupled the debt in 12 years, and all the social indicators were going
in the wrong direction, and the country was coming apart at the seams, and
unemployment was going up and crime was going up, and opportunity for our
children was going down, we had to change.

          I mean, this was not -- I don't want to deprive myself of any
credit, but it wasn't rocket science.  We had to do something.  So you
said, well, I'll take a chance on that fellow.
          Now, every person in this room -- we've got a lot of young people
here and I'm grateful for that and I'm grateful for the role that you've
done to bring all the young people back into the NAACP.  (Applause.)   But
listen, everybody over 30 in this room -- listen to me -- if you're over
30, you can remember at least one time in your life when you have made a
mistake, not because times were so bad, but because times were good -- so
good you thought there was no penalty to the failure to concentrate.  Am I
right about that?  (Laughter.)

          Listen to this.  In the Scripture, Ecclesiastes 11:25 says, "In
the day of prosperity there is forgetfulness of affliction."  Everybody
over 30 has had that kind of forgetfulness at one time or another.  Am I
right about that?  (Applause.)  So here is my point to you.  You look at
these kids before you leave here; we cannot do that now.  I have done
everything I knew to do to turn this country around, to move this country
forward, to lift people up, to lift people together.  (Applause.)  But,
man, the best stuff is still out there.  And the big challenges are still
on the horizon.  And we will never forgive ourselves if we don't say we are
going to use this moment of prosperity to build the future of our dreams
for all God's children.  That's what this is for.  (Applause.)

          That's what this millennial election is all about.  I want to
commend the NAACP for your campaign to register new voters.  I want to join
you in mourning the passing of the chairman of your voter empowerment
campaign, Earl Shinhope (phonetic).  But you need to finish his job.
(Applause.)  And then, you have to get people to actually go to the polls,
to choose, and choose wisely.

          We must make it clear again that every election is a choice.
This is a big election.  There are big differences, honest differences,
between the parties, the candidates for president, the candidates for the
Senate and the House of Representatives -- big and honest differences.

          I'm determined to make as much bipartisan progress with the
Congress as I can in the last six months.  I think we'll get a lot done,
but no matter how much we do, there will still be a lot that remains on
America's future agenda.  And there will be differences.  And the thing I
like about this election is, if we've got the right attitude about it, it
can be an old-fashioned election, the kind the civics books say you ought
to have, where we don't have people swinging mud at each other and
repeating what we've seen in too many elections in the past where people
basically say, you ought to vote for me, not because I'm so great, because
my opponent is just one step above a car thief.  (Laughter.)  I mean, how
many elections have you seen run like that?

          Well, we don't have to do that.  We can assume everybody is
honorable and good, got their merit badges in the Boy Scouts and Girl
Scouts.  But they're different; there's a choice to be made and there are

          So when you leave you say, what I learned was we've got to use
this year to decide what to do with this moment of prosperity; it may never
come around again in our lifetime.  I want to build a future of my dreams
for my children; this is a big election, that's the main arena right now
and there are big differences.

          Now, let me just mention a few of them.  On economic policy, the
Vice President and most people on our side of the political aisle, we
believe that we ought to keep the prosperity going and do our dead-level
best to extend it to people and to places that have been left behind so
far.  (Applause.)  But we think to keep the prosperity going, the right
thing to do is to take the taxes you pay for Medicare and take them off the
books, like we do with Social Security; keep paying the debt down; use the
interest savings to put into Medicare and Social Security to lengthen our
life so us baby boomers don't bankrupt the rest of you when we retire;
invest in education and science and technology, the health care and the
environment; and then have a tax cut we can afford that helps families with
the basic things they're dealing with, and still leaves us the money to
meet our responsibilities around the world -- to help fight AIDS in Africa
and Asia, to help relieve the debt of the poorest countries of the world,
to help promote freedom and stand against ethnic cleansing -- (applause) --
fight against terrorism -- that allows us to do these basic things and
still get this country out of debt over the next 12 years.

          Why?  Because that will keep interest rates lower.  And if
interest rates stay a percent lower over the next 10 years than they
otherwise would be, that saves families -- listen to this -- African
American homeownership at an all-time high -- that will save families $250
billion in home mortgage rates in a decade.  (Applause.)

          Now, they say something different, and it's easier for me to give
you their pitch and it sounds better the first time you hear it.  They say,
we have a projected surplus of $1.9 trillion, and it's your money, so we're
going to give more than half of it back to you in a tax cut.  And then
we're going to spend the rest of it to partially privatize Social Security.
And when we take money out of the Social Security trust fund, we'll put
money in it from this surplus.  And by the time you do that, they've spent
the whole projected surplus, and then some.

          Now, here's the problem with that.  If I ask you -- I want to ask
all of you right now -- you just think about this real quiet, now; you
don't have to say anything out loud, but everybody think about this -- what
is your projected income over the next 10 years?  Now, think.  How much
money do you think you're going to make over the next 10 years?  How
confident are you that you're right about your projected income?
Now, get it on up there to where you're about 80 percent confident.  Now,
if I sat here at a desk with a pen and a notary public and I said, I want
every one of you to come up here right now and sign a contract that commits
you to spend every penny of your projected income, would you do it?  Well,
if you would, you should support them.  If not, you should support us and
keep this economy going.  (Applause.)  That's what this is about.

          Then there are the issues of economic justice.  How can we assure
a fair share?  We believe that we should strengthen efforts to require
equal pay for equal work for women, and they don't agree with us.
(Applause.)  We think we should raise the minimum wage $1 over two years,
because we think the people that serve our food at restaurants and help us
do things, we think they ought to be able to raise their kids, too, and
send their kids to college and make a decent living.  And they're not.

          Our top tax cut priorities are for working families with low
incomes and a lot of kids; for increasing child care assistance; for a
long-term care tax credit, when you've got an elderly or disabled loved
one; for retirement savings; and to allow you to deduct college tuition for
up to $10,000 a year.  That's our top    -- (applause.)  And we can do all
that and still pay the country out of debt over the next 12 years, and have
money to invest.  Their top tax cut priority rolling through Congress like
a hot knife through butter is a complete repeal of the estate tax, which
costs $100 billion over 10 years, and half of the benefits -- half the
benefits go to one-tenth of 1 percent of the population.  There's a
difference here.

          In education, we know that every child can learn.  I just told
you about the school I visited in Harlem.  I was in rural Western Kentucky
the other day in this little old school that, four years ago, 12 percent of
the kids -- over half the kids on school lunches -- four years ago, 12
percent of the kids could read at or above grade level; today, 57 percent.
Five percent of the kids could do math at or above grade level; today, 70
percent.  Zero percent of the kids could do science at or above grade
level; today, 63 percent -- in four years.  It's amazing, it's happening
everywhere.  (Applause.)

          Now, intelligence is equally distributed.  It's opportunity
that's not equally distributed.  (Applause.)  So our education policy is to
invest more and demand more -- higher standards, greater accountability,
but empower people to develop the capacities of all of our children.  And
it's working.  But we have a very definite set of ideas about that, based
on what we have seen and what educators have told us.

          We want to modernize or build 6,000 schools and repair another
25,000 over the next five years.  (Applause.)  And the other side doesn't
agree with us; they think that's wrong.  We want to keep our commitment to
hire 100,000 teachers for smaller classes in the early grades, because we
know that's important to long-time learning capacity.  (Applause.)  And the
other side doesn't agree with us; they don't think we should require that
somehow of the states.

          We want universal access to pre-school, summer school,
after-school for all kids who need it.  You can't say end social promotion
and then blame the kids for the failure system; you have to have a system
that says, okay, no social promotion, but here is how the children are
going to meet the standards and go on and learn and do what they're
supposed to do.  (Applause.)

          So there are differences here -- in the economy, in  economic
justice, in education, and there are differences in health care.  And the
Vice President talked a lot about this yesterday, so I won't beat it to
death.  But this is very important.  We believe that because we have the
money to do it, we should have a true Medicare prescription drug benefit
that's available and affordable to all seniors and disabled people who need
it.  We think we should do this.  (Applause.)

          They say it might be too costly.  I'll give you their   honest --
and I think they really believe this.  (Laughter.)  No, I do, I think they
really do believe this.  They say it could cost more money than we think it
would, and so we ought to have this more limited, private benefit, funded
through insurance companies.

          The problem is -- let me just this -- the problem is I fought
with the health insurance companies quite a bit -- you may have noticed
that -- but I've got to give it to them, they've been real upfront about
this.  The health insurance companies have said, no, this won't work.  We
cannot offer these poor people an insurance policy to buy drugs that they
can afford to buy that will be worth having.  The insurance companies have
been really honest about it.  And you know what?  Nevada adopted a plan
just like the Republican plan, and you know how many insurance companies
have offered coverage under it?  Zero, not one.

          So we've got this interesting debate going on now in Washington.
We said we're for Medicare prescription drug coverage, and they say, so are
we.  So the "so are we" is designed -- I learned from reading the newspaper
that they hired a political consultant to tell them what language to use so
you would think they were for something they were not.  (Laughter.)

          And I'd rather them say, look, we're not for this, because we
think it will cost too much money.  But if they took that position, then
they would have to explain how come they want to spend $100 billion on
repealing the estate tax and give 50 percent of it to the top one-tenth of
1 percent of the population, and not spend money on drugs for our seniors.
There are choices to be made here.  (Applause.)

          We don't have to be hateful -- they really believe this, they
don't think it's a good idea.  But instead of trying to convince us that
they are really for our plan, they should fess up that they're not and
explain why they're against it.  And then you decide whether we are right
or they are.

          And the same thing on the patients' bill of rights.  The
patients' bill of rights we're for covers all Americans and all health care
plans, and gives you a right to see a specialist, a right not to be bumped
from your doctor if you change employment and you're in the middle of
having a baby or a chemotherapy treatment or any other kind of treatment.
It gives you a right to go to the nearest emergency room if you get hit,
God forbid, when you walk out of the Convention Center here today.  And if
you get hurt, and you're wrongly treated, it gives you the right to sue.
Their plan doesn't cover 100 million people and it doesn't give you a right
to sue.

          Now, we say we're for the patients' bill of rights.  They say --
what they should say is, we don't agree with this, we think it will cost
too much.  But that's not what they say.  What they say -- they try to
figure out how to convince you they're for what we're for.  So they say,
we're for a patients' bill of rights -- if you ever hear that, if you hear
"a" instead of "the," big alarm bells ought to go off in your head.
(Applause.)  You ought to say, ding-dong, hello, what is going on here?

          But this is a huge deal.  You heard the Vice President talking
about this yesterday.  I was down the other day in Missouri with the
governor, and we were with an emergency room nurse, a male, who was 6'1",
weighed 230, looked like he could bench-press me on a cold day. (Laughter.)
And this big old husky guy spends his life trying to save people's lives.
And he almost couldn't get through his talk, talking about somebody who
died because they couldn't take him to the nearest emergency room.  This
happens every single day.

          We're one vote away from passing it.  I want to compliment the
Republicans in the House who voted for the patients' bill of rights, and
the four in the Senate who did.  We are one vote away.  I'm telling you,
there are big issues here.  This affects 100 million of your fellow

          We're for expanding the Children's Health Insurance Program that
Hillary did so much to create.  We think the parents of the kids ought to
be able to buy in, too.  We think people who are over 55 and not old enough
to be on Medicare, but lost their insurance at work, ought to be able to
buy into the Medicare program, and we should give them a little help of
they need it.  (Applause.)

          And we want to do more to close the gaps and do something about
the fact that people of color suffer far higher rates of heart disease,
cancer, AIDS and diabetes.  (Applause.)  Let me just give you one example.
Diabetes is 70 percent higher among African Americans than white Americans.
Hispanics are twice as likely to suffer from it.

          Type 1 diabetes, commonly known as juvenile diabetes, affects a
million Americans alone -- half of them children.  But research has taken
us to the threshold of a potential new breakthrough.  Recently, researchers
successfully transplanted insulin-producing cells into seven individuals
with juvenile diabetes, and apparently, every single one of them was cured.

          Now, if we can repeat these preliminary findings, it could put a
cure for juvenile diabetes within our reach, a true miracle -- for anyone
who has ever had this in your family, you know this.  But we have to do
more to get there.  That's why, today, I want to tell you a couple of
things we're doing.

          First of all, the National Institutes of Health is investing in
10 research centers immediately to try to replicate the results of the
first study so we can prove it wasn't an accident.  This is part of a
larger partnership between the NIH and the Juvenile Diabetes Foundation --
we have some of their leaders here with us today -- with a commitment of
over $300 million over five years for research and the prevention of
diabetes.  (Applause.)

          Now, I've been pretty tough on my friends on the Republican side
today, so I want to say something nice about them.  This is one we all
agree on -- that there is no partisan position on whether we would like to
see our children lifted from the burden and the fear and the terrors and
the agony that can come with juvenile diabetes.  But we actually have some
research here that may allow us to close one of the big racial gaps and
help disparities in our country.  And I just want you to know we're going
to do everything we can about it, and I hope we'll have some of your
prayers and your support.  It's worth some of your money to spend on that.

          The last thing I want to talk about in terms of your decision
this year is civil rights and equal justice.  I don't have to come here and
say nobody should be denied a job, a home, access to school or a loan
because of their race or any other condition; that no one should have to
fear being a target of violence because of the way they worship God or
their sexual orientation.  And I don't have to come here for you to know
that those indignities are still all to real to too many Americans.  I have
proposed the largest investment in civil rights enforcement ever, so that
the EEOC, the Departments of Health and Human Services, Agriculture and
others can enforce our civil rights law.  (Applause.)

          And we're fighting for passage of a strong hate crimes bill.
(Applause.)  And I am so grateful that our unanimous caucus was joined the
other day by enough Republicans who are willing to break from the
leadership to pass the hate crimes bill in the Senate.  I am grateful for
that, and I hope that we can pass it in the House.  (Applause.)

          But the hate crimes legislation, if it does not become law,
should be an issue in this election.  The employment non-discrimination
legislation, if it doesn't become law, should be an issue in this election.
This is not negative politics, we should talk about what side we're on and
why, and let people decide.  It's important.

          You look all around the world at all these places that are
bedeviled by the hatreds of the groups of people within their countries for
one another -- from Kosovo to Northern Ireland to the Middle East to the
tribal wars in Africa to the Balkans.  I mean, look at what the world has
been dealing with just for the last few years.  We have to keep hammering
away at this.  It's not over.

          And you look at all the hate crimes that have occurred in America
in the last few years, in spite of all of our improving attitudes and
greater contact across racial and religious lines.  We've still got
problems here.  This deals with the biggest problems of the human heart.
We've got to keep at it, and we ought to debate our different approaches to
it in an open way.  We may never have this chance again, where we are
secure and confident and we know we can go forward if we make the right

          One other thing I want to say about this.  One of the most
important responsibilities of the next president is appointing judges.
(Applause.)  And one of the most important duties of a senator is deciding
whether to confirm the people the President appoints.  (Applause.)  Now, I
believe the next president will be called upon to appoint in the next four
years between two and four Supreme Court judges; more than a score -- much
more -- Court of Appeals judges; and perhaps over 100 federal district
court judges.

          The record here is instructive.  The quality of justice suffers
when highly-qualified women and minority candidates, fully vetted, fully
supported by the American Bar Association, are denied the opportunity to
serve for partisan political reasons.  (Applause.)

          Now, just last year, the Republican majority in the Senate, on a
party line vote, defeated my nominee for the federal court in Missouri,
Ronnie White, the first African American State Supreme Court judge in the
history of the state of Missouri, plainly well-qualified, defeated on a
party-line, political vote in an attempt to give the incumbent senator a
death penalty issue against the incumbent governor in the race for the U.S.
Senate in Missouri.  Never mind that -- throw this guy's career away, act
like he's not qualified, distort his position on the death penalty, ignore
what it will make the African American community in Missouri feel like.  It
was awful.

          As we speak, today there are four African American appellate
court nominees poised to make history if the Senate would just stop
standing in their way:  Judge James Wynn, Roger Gregory, Kathleen McCree
Lewis, Judge Johnnie Rawlinson. (Applause.)  That's just the ones I've got
up there now.  But let me -- to put that in perspective, in the 12 years
that they served, the two previous Presidents appointed just three African
Americans to the circuit courts of our country -- in 12 years.

          Of course, we all want justice to be blind, but we also know that

when we have diversity in our courts, as in all aspects of society, it
sharpens our vision and makes us a stronger nation.  (Applause.)

          I have nominated two highly-qualified candidates for the 4th
Circuit -- that includes where we are now, the state of Maryland.  The 4th
Circuit has the largest African American population of any of our circuits
and, remarkably, there has never been an African American jurist on the 4th
Circuit.  We've got a chance to right that wrong.

          Two weeks ago I nominated Roger Gregory, of Virginia.
(Applause.)  He is a Richmond lawyer of immense talent and experience.
Almost a year ago I nominated Judge Wynn for a North Carolina seat on the
circuit -- (applause) -- and he's not the first African American from North
Carolina I nominated.  Now, Senator Helms won't let these people get
confirmed.  He says we don't need any more judges on the 4th Circuit.

          Maybe that's what he thinks.  But I think it's interesting that
for over seven years now, he has stopped my attempts to integrate the 4th
Circuit Court of Appeals, and the Republican majority has made no move to
change the tide that turned the policies.  This is outrageous -- the
circuit court with the highest percentage of African Americans in the
country, not one single judge on the Court of Appeals.  (Applause.)

          Now, a lot of women don't do much better.  We have excellent
nominees -- Elena Kagan; Helene White; Bonnie Campbell, former Attorney
General of Iowa, up there -- no movement.

          Another travesty of justice is taking place in Texas, and I want
to talk about this.  I nominated a man named Enrique Moreno to the 5th
Circuit Court of Appeals.  He grew up in El Paso and graduated from Harvard
Law School.  The state judges in Texas said he was one of the three best
trial lawyers out there in far West Texas.  The ABA, the American Bar
Association, unanimously gave him its top rating.  But the two Republican
senators from Texas, they say he's not qualified.  And the leader of the
Republican Party in Texas -- who I think talked here a couple days ago --
(laughter) -- stone cold silence.  Nobody says, give this guy a hearing.

          Why don't they want to give these people a hearing and vote?
Because they don't want him on the court, but they don't want you to know
they don't want him on the court.  (Applause.)

          The face of injustice is not compassion; it is indifference, or
worse.  For the integrity of our courts and the strength of our
Constitution, I ask the Republicans to give these people a vote.  Vote them
down if you don't want them on; go out and tell people.  At least they
voted Judge White down -- they're having a hard time explaining it in
Missouri, but at least they did it.

          This is not right, folks.  You know, the judges I've appointed,
yes, they're the most diverse judges in history.  But they also have the
highest ratings from the ABA in 40 years.  (Applause.)  And no one says
that they're ideological extremists.  Therefore, I conclude that the people
that don't want them on the court want people who are ideological purists.

          But you've got to have -- a judge needs somebody that's felt the
fabric of ordinary life, that's got a good mind for stuff initiative  books
and a lot of common sense -- (applause)    -- that can understand what
happens to people; that can be fair to everybody that comes before him.
I'd be ashamed if one of my judges discriminated against someone before
them because they were members of the other political party, or a different
religion or had strong views.  I would be outraged.  I just want people who
will be just and fair.  (Applause.)  But I don't want people denied their
chance to serve because of their race or their politics.  It's not right.
Now, you need to think about that, because it's an important part of the
next four years.

          I just want to make one last point in closing.  You all heard the
Vice President's speech.  I thought it was brilliant and impassioned and I
can't make a better case.  (Applause.)  But I want you to remember four
things about him.  I don't want you to forget this, the President told me
four things about Al Gore.  Number one, he is by far the most influential
and active Vice President in this history of the country.  (Applause.)

          We've had a lot of vice presidents, a lot of vice presidents made
great presidents -- Thomas Jefferson, Teddy Roosevelt, Harry Truman, Lyndon
Johnson.  But we've never had a vice president that did so much good as
vice president as Al Gore -- never, not ever in the history of the country.

          Second, for the reasons I said earlier, when none of you wanted
to contract away your projected income for the next 10 years, he is the
most likely, by far, to keep our prosperity going and to spread it to
people left behind.  (Applause.)

          Thirdly, you can see from his leadership with the empowerment
zones, to connect all of our schools to the Internet, to his work with the
science and technology issues and the environment issue, this is a guy who
understands the future.  And the future is coming on us in a hurry.

          I'm glad we've decoded the human genome, but I don't want anybody
denied a job or health insurance because of their genetic map.  (Applause.)
I love the Internet and I think the Internet can move more people out of
poverty more quickly than ever before.  But I don't want anybody to be able
to get your financial or health care record just because they're on
somebody's computer somewhere unless you're okay.

          You need someone in the White House who understands the future.
So he's the most qualified person we've ever had because he's the best Vice
President.  He'll keep the prosperity going. He understands the future.
And the fourth and most important thing for your point of view is, he
really does want to take us all along for the ride -- and I want a
president that wants to take us all along for the ride.  (Applause.)
                                 - 16 -

                                 - 16 -

          Thank you.  Let me just say this one last thing.  After January,
I won't be President, but I'll still -- wait a minute -- (laughter) -- hey,
everything comes to an end.  (Laughter.)  But I have loved every day of it.
It has been an honor to fight, an honor to work.  And for the rest of the
time the good Lord gives me on this Earth, I'll be with you.  I'll work
with you.  (Applause.)

          But you just remember this.  The arena that counts today on the
question of what we're going to do with our prosperity is what we do today
to elect tomorrow's leaders.  You've got to lead the country in this.
You've got to make sure we choose, and choose wisely.  Believe me, in spite
of all that's happened, the best is still out there.  Go get it.

          I love you.  Godspeed.  Thank you.  (Applause.)

                         END       11:40 A.M. EDT

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