THE WHITE HOUSE
Office of the Press Secretary
(New York, New York)
For Immediate Release October 31, 2000
REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT
TO AFRICAN AMERICAN RELIGIOUS AND COMMUNITY LEADERS
Harlem, New York
9:00 P.M. EST
THE PRESIDENT: Thank you. I knew I was going to have a good time
here when I walked in the back door and they were singing "Oh Happy Day."
(Laughter.) So they finished before I got here, and I had to have another
song. And you were magnificent. Thank you very much. (Applause.) I'm
proud of you all for changing your lives and for being hooked on something
good. Thank you. (Applause.) I'm proud of you all. Bless you. Bless
Thank you Bishop Gaylord for making us feel welcome. Thank you Bishop
White for praying over us -- (laughter) -- making us feel holier. Thank
you Reverend Williams for getting us here to remind us
Thank you, Reverend Williams, for getting us here to remind us of what
we're supposed to do as citizens in this life. I would also like to say a
special word of thanks to Reverend Herb Daughtry, whose daughter works for
Alexis Herman, the Secretary of Labor. I know he was here before me, but I
thank him. (Applause.) Yes, sir.
I thank your borough President, Virginia Fields, for being here and
for supporting Hillary and Al. (Applause.) And I know Senator Schumer was
here earlier, and our public advocate, Mark Green is in the back, and we've
been friends, Mark and I have, for 20 years, and he shook his hand out, I
came in before -- he said, "Reverend Green to you." (Laughter and
So, you know, after all these years you've been working -- he's got to
get in the mood, you know, that's good. He's coming right along.
I cannot say enough about my admiration for Carl McCall, the job he's
done for you -- (applause) -- and the -- Hillary and I like him and his
wonderful wife, Joyce, so much, and we're proud of him and I'm very
grateful for the support he's given to Hillary. I said -- I want to
express my support, too, for Senator Schumer I know he was here earlier.
And let me say one thing about Charlie Rangel. If we win six more seats,
he'll be the chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee. (Applause.)
He's been very good to me. Harlem has been very good to me.
I can't speak in this pulpit in Harlem without also noting that one of
the most important people in my becoming president was my first Secretary
of Commerce, Ron Brown, who grew up in Harlem. I miss him every day, and I
want to -- (applause) -- he would be glad to know I'm finishing up my
career as president in a church in Harlem. (Laughter.) Mayor Dinkins, I'm
glad to see you. You'll always been Mayor to me. (Applause.) I love you.
Thank you. Glad to see you. (Applause.)
Now, I love to come, especially to The Church of God in Christ.
Bishop White talked about the presiding bishop, Bishop Owens, his
predecessor, Bishop Ford from Chicago, was a great friend of mine, and he
has been a magnificent friend of mine. He brought the bishops to their
annual meeting in Washington just so I could say thanks and good-bye to
We were all having a good time. We're all old friends. So I got up
and thought I was being funny. I said to Bishop Owens in front of all of
the bishops, I said, you know, I wanted to come here because I wanted to
see a group of leaders who aren't term-limited. (Laughter.) And you know,
I thought that was pretty cute. And Bishop Owens looked at me and said,
Mr. President, we are all term-limited. (Laughter and applause.)
And so we are. But while we're here, we're supposed to do the best we
can. Is that right? Now, we all know why we're here, and we can shout
amen and have a great time and we're all preaching to the saved, we're
talking to one another. But I want to talk to you about the people that
aren't in this church tonight, the people who have never come to an event
like this and never heard a president speak or even a mayor or a
comptroller or a senator or anybody.
But they could vote. And they need to vote and they need to know why
they're voting. And that's really why you're here, because of all the
people who aren't here. Isn't that right? There wouldn't be a need in us
having a meeting if everybody who is not here planned to show up,
understood what the stakes were, what the choice was, and what the
consequences were. Is that right?
So what you have to think about tonight is, what is it you intend to
do between now and Tuesday, and on Tuesday, to get as many people there as
possible and to make sure when they get to the polls, they know why they're
there, what the stakes are and what the consequences are. And from my
point of view, which is one most of all just filled with gratitude for the
people of the United States, to the people of New York and to the people of
Harlem for the support you have given to me and Hillary and Al and Tipper
Gore these last eight years.
I'm not running for anything. My party has got a new leader, my home
has a new candidate. (Laughter and applause.) And I like that. I like
getting out here and speaking for other people. That's what I did when I
was a kid, you know, and now I'm getting to learn it all over again, and I
liked it. But I want to tell you tonight in public what I would tell you
if I were sitting alone in a room with any of you, and you asked me what's
this election about, anyway.
I think there are three great questions that I want you to tell
everybody you can reach -- everybody in Harlem, everybody in New York State
-- if you've got any friends across the river in New Jersey or anyplace
else, I want you to reach them between now and Tuesday, because this is a
razor-thin election. I believe because people are not quite sure what's it
about anyway. And is it a big deal, or can we relax because things are
going so well.
One thing I can say in a church is that anybody that's lived more than
30 years has made at least one big mistake in his or her life, not when
things were so bad, but when things were so good, you thought, well, this
is all right, I don't have to concentrate anymore. Isn't that right? If
you live long enough, you make a big mistake when things are going well,
not when things are going bad. When things are going bad and your whole
survival is at stake, it kind of concentrates your mind, you make better
decisions. If things are going good, you think, ah, what's the difference.
Now, this is a happy election, I think, for America because the
country is in good shape and I like it that these candidates aren't really
bad-mouthing each other. I like it that we can just say, let's assume
we're dealing with good people here who love their families and love their
country and will do their best to do a good job based on what they believe.
And once you say that, then you've got to figure out what is it they
believe. What are they going to do if they get these jobs, and how will it
affect me, my family, my community and my country. That's all that
matters. And I'm hopeful that the work we've done in the last eight years
has taken some of the poison out of America's political life so we could
actually have an election about what it's really supposed to be about,
which is, how is this going to affect you.
After all, the race for president, the race for vice president and the
race for United States senator, those are hiring decisions. You're hiring
people to do a job for you. John Kennedy once said that the presidency was
preeminently a place of decision-making. You're hiring people to make
decisions, because they can't be made by all 280-some-odd million of us, so
we hire somebody to make these decisions. What decisions will they make,
will they be good or bad, will they move us forward or back, will they
bring us together or divide us. That's what this is about.
And the same thing is true in the Senate. And I can tell you, after
eight years, one of the things I have learned is every single one of these
Senate seats is profoundly important. So you know how biased I am in this
election. I mean, the most important person in the world to me is running
for senator, and my partner for eight years is running for president, and
so I'm biased.
But what I want to do is tell you the three questions I think you
ought ask to answer to anybody. And you don't have to say anything bad
about their opponent. And you sure don't have to get down and so what some
of them have been doing around here lately -- those kinds of phone calls
and stuff I read about in the paper. You don't have to do any of that.
Just say, look, say these three things.
Number one, look where we were eight years ago, and look where we are
today. We have the longest economic expansion in history, nearly 22
million new jobs, African American unemployment the lowest ever recorded,
nearly half, almost cut in half what it was eight years ago. (Applause.)
And record numbers of new businesses, record numbers of new minority
businesses, record numbers of new homeowners, record numbers of new
The female unemployment rate is the lowest in 40 years, poverty rate
at a 20-year low, the child poverty rate has dropped about a third. This
is amazing. Seniors living in poverty below 10 percent for the first time
in the entire history of America -- ever. (Applause.)
So, question number one. Do you want to build on this prosperity and
keep it going and extend it to people who aren't part of it yet, or do you
want to abandon the path we're on and go back to a different economic
policy that let us down before. It's a big question.
Now, Hillary and Al Gore and Joe Lieberman, they say, hey, let's keep
paying down the debt. Remember we had the biggest deficits in history, we
quadrupled the debt when I became president, interest rates were high and
the economy was weak. So we got rid of the deficits, we're now paying down
the debt that had accumulated in those years before, and if you pay the
debt off, you will have lower interest rates.
So they say, our side, says, look, let's figure out what we've got to
do to pay the debt down over the next 12 years and take the rest of it and
spend on our kids and our seniors, in health care and education and the
environment, and spend what we have to spend on the national security, and
give the rest of it to people in a tax cut for child care, for long-term
care, for college education, for retirement savings. (Applause.)
But, first, keep the economy going. Now, if you want to do that
instead of have a tax cut three times as big and a $1-trillion program to
privatize Social Security and spend another several hundred billion dollars
and put the country back in debt, which will give you higher interest
rates, you have to vote for Hillary and Al Gore and Joe Lieberman. You've
got to talk to people. It's a simple thing. You want to keep the
prosperity going, keep the debt coming down, invest in our kids and our
future, and have a tax cut we can afford, you just have one set of choices
here. This is a big question. And there's an honest difference here about
what the best economic policy is.
People ask me all the time, you know, what did you do to help turn the
economy around. What was the federal government's role. What great new
idea did you bring back. I always tell them, I brought this great idea all
the way from Arkansas: arithmetic. (Laughter and applause.) A big new
idea. We made the numbers add up. And, see, if you have -- if you're
supposed to have a $2-trillion surplus -- it won't be that big now, by the
way -- but is supposed to be $2 trillion -- forget about the trillion,
forget all those zeroes -- surplus is supposed to be $2 trillion and the
tax cut and the interest costs are $1.6 trillion, and it costs you $1
trillion to privatize Social Security, never mind whether you think it's a
good idea or not, it costs $1 trillion, and you spend another $.5 trillion
on something else; well, $1.6 trillion, plus $1 trillion, plus $.5 trillion
is $3.1 trillion -- that's more than $2 trillion. And that means deficits,
and that means higher interest rates.
Now, if you keep interest rates one percent lower, let me tell you
what it means for America. One percent lower a year -- that's about what I
think it will be under the Gore-Lieberman plan that Hillary will vote for
in the Senate, that's worth $390 billion in lower home mortgages to the
American people. That's a pretty big tax cut. Thirty billion dollars in
lower car payments, $15 billion in lower college loan payments.
So, question number one: Do you want to build on the prosperity and
keep it going and give it to people that have been left behind with things
like the empowerment zone program that Charlie Rangel and Al Gore put here
in Harlem -- (applause) -- to do more of that sort of thing, or do you want
as much of this money as you can get right now even if it puts us back in
Now, that's a decision the American people have to make. But we've
tried it our way for eight years and we tried it the other way for 12
years, and I think you will admit that based on the evidence, our way works
better. (Applause.) So that's the first thing I want to say.
Now, question number two. Remember where we were eight years ago on
the society. We had an economy in trouble and a society that was divided.
Now, compared to eight years ago, crime has dropped in every year; it's at
a 26-year low, it's going in the right direction, teen pregnancy and drug
abuse among young people are down, the number of people without health
insurance is down, 2.5 million more kids have health insurance.
The environmental quality of the country is up, cleaner air, cleaner
water, safer drinking water, safer food. Three times as many of these
toxic waste dumps cleaned up in our eight years as in the previous 12. And
we've protected more land than any administration since Theodore Roosevelt
of New York almost 100 years ago. Now, that's the fact.
So question number two is, do you want to build on this until America
is the safest country in the world, until we have provided Medicare
prescription drugs for the seniors who need it, all of them, until we have
a patients' bill of rights that protects people and their health care,
until we solve the energy problems that bother you every winter when home
heating oil comes around, you worry about it going to be too expensive,
with long-term energy solutions to develop conservation and new sources of
energy, the stuff that Al Gore knows a lot about. Do you want to do that.
And look at our schools compared to eight years ago. The dropout rate
is down, the African American high school graduation rate is equal to the
white rate for the first time in history, the test scores in math and
science are up. (Applause.) We've had a 300 percent increase in the
number of African American kids taking advanced placement tests for college
in the last three years alone -- a 300 percent increase.
We see schools turning around that were failing. I was in a school in
Harlem the other day where two years ago, 80 percent of the kids were doing
reading and math below grade level. Today, 74 percent of the kids doing
reading or math at or above grade level in just two years. (Applause.)
We're turning these schools around.
Now, do you want to build on that with the program that Hillary and
the Vice President and Joe Lieberman have advocated, 100,000 teachers in
the classroom, hook them all up to the Internet, double the number of
people in after-school programs so you won't have these latchkey kids and
they will be able to stay in school and work their computers and do stuff
like that after school, give people a tax deduction for the costs of
college tuition and require these failing schools to turn around or put
them under new management so all the kids get good education.
There is a clear choice here. So the second thing you need to say to
people is, look, it's not just about the economy. Crime is down, the
schools are better, we're providing more health insurance, the environment
is cleaner, and are we going to build on these changes or are we going to
support policies and candidates that will reverse our crime policy, reverse
our environmental policy, take down our education policy and don't support
our health care initiatives.
It's a choice. It's not like there's no choice, there's a huge
choice. And again, you don't have to say anything bad about our opponents,
but they are different. There's a difference here. They have a different
view here. (Laughter and applause.) And if we were having a debate, I
could go over there and stand there and argue their position, I could come
back here and argue ours, but I think ours is better.
It's not like you don't have any evidence here. Just look at the way
it was eight years ago and look at the way it is now. And the third thing
may be the most important thing of all. So, number one, we're going to
keep the prosperity going, number two, we're going to build on the social
progress, number three, we're going to keep building one America. We're
going to keep going forward together.
Our side is for increasing the minimum wage, strengthening the equal
pay laws for women in the workplace, strengthening the civil rights laws,
passing hate crimes legislation, passing employment nondiscrimination
legislation and having appointments to the U.S. Supreme Court that will
stand up for civil rights and human rights and individual rights.
Now -- so that's where this election is in a nutshell. If 100 percent
of the people understand, number one, this is a real important election,
number two, it's about three things. Do you want to keep the prosperity
going or change those policies, do you want to build on the social progress
or take down the policies that have contributed to them, do you want to
build one America and keep moving forward together. Those are the three
things at stake in this election that people need to understand.
And in the presidency, I would just say one other thing. I think
we're doing well in these congressional races, but you look at what I've
had to do the last six years. The American people should think about it
before they run the risk of leaving Congress and the White House in the
hands of the other party. Because I've stopped a lot of bad things from
happening as well. And that's another good argument for -- (applause) --
of course, if they decide to give the Congress and the White House to the
Democrats, that would be quite wonderful from my point of view, and that's
a possibility. But if it doesn't happen, that's another thing people ought
to factor in.
So I say to you, in my lifetime, we've never had an election like
this. And I'm 54 years old. We have never had an election where we had so
much economic prosperity, so much social progress, the absence of domestic
crisis or foreign threat to our existence. It never happened in our
lifetime. It may not happen again in our lifetime. It may not happen
again for 50 or 60 years or more. Therefore, you need to go out and tell
young folks who may think its always been this way -- you know, somebody 18
years old, they were 10 when I got elected President. But they're old
enough to vote now. They weren't paying attention maybe before they were
10. Right? You have memory, and you have to impart that. This is a
One of the greatest honors I've had as President was walking across
the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma to celebrate the 35th anniversary of the
voting rights march with Congressman John Lewis and Josea Williams and
others. (Applause.) We did it a few months ago. And Mrs. King was there,
Reverend Jackson was there, lots of folks were there then. John Lewis got
beat up bad that day.
You need to go tell the young people that people died so they could
have this right to vote. (Applause.) When I grew up in the South, black
people still had to buy poll taxes, and other people bought them for them
and handed out like raffle tickets on election day and gathered people up.
And then other places they couldn't vote at all. And people died for the
right to vote unfettered, unencumbered, unthreatened.
And now, lo and behold, we've had an administration where 14 percent
of our appointments have been African American, 17 percent of my judges,
where we've all been part of this. (Applause.) But it worked for other
people too. You didn't gain anything that Latinos and Asians and white
folks didn't gain. We all went forward together. That's the only way we
can do it. Black Americans never asked to go ahead of the line, they just
wanted to get in the line and go on. (Applause.) Right? Is that right?
I wanted everybody to have a home in America. I wanted us to be one
family. But I'm telling you, you just go out there. You here what I'm
telling you. You don't have to remember all these statistics and all these
details, just say if you want to keep the prosperity going and take it to
the people and places left behind, we've got to keep paying this debt down
and invest in our kids and our future and take a tax cut we can afford. We
can't afford to go back into deficits and high interest rates and get off
If you want to keep the crime rate coming down, the number of
uninsured people coming down, give all of our seniors a Medicare drug
benefit, keep helping the schools to turn around so that all our kids can
have a good education, you don't want to reverse the policies we're on. We
need to build on them, not reverse them. And if you want to keep building
one America, there is one party that favors all these things: the hate
crimes legislation, the employment nondiscrimination legislation, stronger
civil rights enforcement, stronger enforcement of equal pay laws for women,
a minimum wage, and a Supreme Court that will protect civil rights and the
ability of the national government to protect civil rights and human
Now, the last thing I'd like to tell you is, I'm very grateful not
only for the way New York has treated me these last eight years but for the
way you have taken my wife in and accepted her and supported her and lifted
her up. I've been doing this a long time. I was, I think, six, seven,
eight years old first time I started handing out cards for my uncle when he
ran for state legislature. And my aunt hated politics so much she made him
quit after one term. (Laughter.) So they sort of -- they got the
political virus over to me then. And I didn't quit. I liked it more.
So I've been doing this a long time. And I've liked most of the
people I've known in public life. The Republicans and the Democrats, I
find that on balance, there are more honest and hard working and try to do
what they think is right. They are better than they get credit for being.
I've never known anybody that cared more, knew more and worked harder and
had a better ability to blend heart and mind and passion and commitment
than Hillary. Never. She will make you very proud. (Applause.)
And don't forget, they're big shoes to fill. Senator Moynihan was a
giant in the Senate. Robert Kennedy changed the life of a whole generation
of young Americans, including me. She will be a worthy successor, if you
help her get there. And don't let all this last-minute mud-slinging deter
But the main thing I'm here to say is, you all got your minds made up,
and you're all going to show up. So we're having this whole event for
people that aren't here tonight. So when you leave here, you promise
yourself -- and you promise yourself, this is a big deal. The way you live
is going to be affected by the decisions that are made. If you want to
keep the economy going, if you want to keep the society going forward, if
you want to keep us pulling together, make sure that everybody you can find
is there a week from today for Hillary, for Al Gore, for Joe Lieberman, for
Charlie Rangel. We'll do the right thing. I am proud to be here for them.
Thank you all and God bless you.
END 9:23 P.M. EST