"As we approach the 21st century, our foes have extended the fields of battle - from physical space to cyberspace... Rather than invading our beaches or launching bombers, these adversaries may attempt cyber attacks against our critical military systems and our economic base... If our children are to grow up safe and free, we must approach these new 21st century threats with the same rigor and determination we applied to the toughest security challenge of this century."

President Clinton
US Naval Academy
Annapolis, MD
May 22, 1998

The United States benefits from the most robust and aggressive information technology infrastructure in the world. This same information technology infrastructure makes us particularly vulnerable to cyber attack. The most vital sectors of our economy - power generation, telecommunications, banking and finance, transportation and emergency services - are potentially susceptible to disruptions from hackers, terrorists, criminals or governments. President Clinton has increased funding on critical infrastructure protection by more then 50% since 1998 and has also developed and funded new initiatives to defend the country's computer systems and critical infrastructures from cyber attack.



December 2000

White House Conference on Improving the Effectiveness of Public and Private Initiatives to Combat Computer Viruses.

December 2000

President announces the Scholarship for Service Program in his December 8 speech in Nebraska.

October 2000

White House Meeting with Presidents of Universities designated as Centers of Excellence.

September 2000

White House Conference on Improving Security of Business to Business Network Security.

September 2000

White House Conference on Information Security.

September 2000

The Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office and the National Coordinator for Security, Infrastructure Protection, and Counter-Terrorism conclude Series of Five Regional Summit Meetings with the Institute for Internal Auditors on Information Security.

June 2000

White House Conference on Information Systems "Liability,
Security and Privacy, Legal and Policy Issues."

May 2000

National Colloquium on Information Systems Security
Education in Washington, D.C.

February 2000

President Clinton meets with leaders of the IT and Internet industries on Improving Internet Security.

January 2000

President Clinton issues first-ever "National Plan for Information Systems Protection," laying out the national agenda by both government and industry for protecting America's cyber-systems from deliberate attack.

October 1999 Designation of USSPACECOM as lead agent for Computer Network Defense for the Department of Defense.

July 1999

President Clinton signs an Executive Order Establishing the National Infrastructure Assurance Council.

January 1999

President Clinton delivers a speech at the National Academy of Sciences calling for increased FY 2000 investment in cyber-security programs.

May 1998

The President delivers the Commencement Address at the United States Naval Academy announcing the signing of PDD-63, and calling for a national strategy to protect America's critical infrastructures, particularly its cyber-systems.

May 1998

President Clinton signs PDD-63, calling for a National Plan to protect America's critical infrastructures, especially cyber systems, from deliberate attack and disruption.

May 1998

President Clinton signs PDD-62, creating the position of National Coordinator for Security, Critical Infrastructure, and Counter Terrorism in the National Security Council, charging the National Coordinator with coordinating Federal and private sector efforts to counter emerging threats to the Nation.

July 1996

Establishment of President's Commission on Critical Infrastructure Protection.



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