Science and Technology Council Presidential Decision
Directives & Review Directives
Summary of National Science and Technology Council
(NSTC)Presidential Review Directive (PRDs) and Presidential Decision Directives
(as of May 1, 1998)
Federal Laboratories, dated 5/5/94--Interagency review
of the Department of Defense (DoD) the Department of Energy (DOE) and the
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)--the three largest
laboratory systems--to evaluate and develop recommendations for ways to improve
their efficiency and effectiveness. The NSTC's review provides guidance,
building upon and integrating the individual agency reviews. Completion of
review led to PDD-5.
Space Policy dated, 5/15/95--Comprehensive review of
national space policy identifying and recommending changes and ensuring written
policies reflect the Administration's civilian, national security, and
commercial space programs and policies. Identifies and recommends changes to
related national security directives containing guidance on space policies and
programs. Completion of review led to PDD-8.
Review of the
University-Government Partnership, dated 9/26/96--A Government-wide
policy and administration review of the U.S. university research system. The
NSTC will form a task force to conduct the review to determine what might be
the major stresses in the areas of research, education, and administrative
regulations, and determine what the Federal Government's role should be in
addressing any issues raised by this examination. Due 6/30/97. For the
latest progress on this initiative, please click
Establishment of Presidential Review and Decision Series/NSTC,
U.S. Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite Systems, dated
5/5/94--Integrates the Department of Commerce (DOC) and DoD
polar-orbiting environmental satellite systems to reduce the cost of
acquisition and operation. Directs DoD, NASA and DOC to: create an Integrated
Program Office no later than 10/1/94 and form a convergence Executive Committee
to ensure that both civil and national security requirements are satisfied;
coordinate program plans, budgets and policies; and ensure that agency funding
commitments are equitable and sustained.
Transportation Policy, dated 8/5/94--Establishes national policy,
guidelines, and implementing actions for the conduct of national space
transportation programs that will sustain and revitalize U.S. space
transportation capabilities. Recognizes criticality of space program for
achieving national security, scientific, technical, commercial and foreign
policy goals. Assures that reliable and affordable access to space through U.S.
space transportation capabilities is a fundamental goal of the U.S. space
program. Makes DoD the lead agency responsible for improvement and evolution of
current Expendable Launch Vehicle (ELV) fleet. Makes NASA responsible for
improving the space shuttle system, focusing on reliability, safety, and
cost-effectiveness. Assigns the Department of Transportation (DOT) and DOC
responsibility for private sector and State/local government arrangements.
Directs NASA and DoD to develop a Memorandum of Agreement to consolidate future
expendable launch service requirements.
Federal Laboratory Reform, dated 9/24/95--Response to NSTC PRD 1.
Review of DoD, DOE, and NASA, concluding that these laboratories provide
essential services to the Nation in fundamental science, national security,
environmental protection and cleanup, and industrial competitiveness. States
that all three DOE nuclear weapons labs are essential. Directs DOE to maintain
nuclear weapons responsibilities and capabilities adequate to support the
science-based stockpile stewardship program required to ensure continued
confidence in the safety and reliability of the nuclear-weapons stockpile in
the absence of nuclear testing. Directs Federal agencies to: 1) review and, as
appropriate, rescind internal management instructions and oversight that impede
laboratory performance; 2) clarify and focus the mission assignments of their
laboratories; and 3) achieve all possible budget savings through streamlining
and management improvements before productive R&D programs are sacrificed.
Positioning System Policy, dated 3/28/95--Response to NSTC PRD 3.
Establishes national policy for the management and use of the U.S. GPS and
related U.S. Government augmentations. The policy presents a strategic vision
for the future management and use of GPS, addressing a broad range of military,
civil, commercial and scientific interests, both national and international.
Infectious Diseases, dated 6/12/96--Establishes national policy and
implementing actions to address the threat of emerging and re-emerging
infectious diseases by improving surveillance, prevention, and response
measures. A Task Force under the auspices of the NSTC will provide strategic
planning and further coordination on issues of emerging infectious diseases.
The task force will provide the President with annual reports on the progress
realized, including recommendations for further action.
Policy, dated 9/19/96--Response to NSTC PRD 2. Updates the national
space policy to be consistent with the Administration's civilian, national
security, and commercial space programs and policies.