President of the United States Remarks to Health Care Providers in Abuja, Nigeria (8/27/00)
                              THE WHITE HOUSE

                       Office of the Press Secretary
                             (Abuja, Nigeria)
For Immediate Release                          August 27, 2000

                         REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT
                       TO HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS AND

                   National Center for Women Development
                              Abuja, Nigeria

4:25 P.M. (L)

          PRESIDENT CLINTON:  Thank you very much.  Mr. President, John and
Tayo, thank you very much.  I would also like to acknowledge the presence
here of the Minister of Women's Affairs Ismail; Dr. Agary, the Director of
the Center; Dr. Resema, who came to the White House last year and spoke
movingly about her battle for women's health.  I want to thank the members
of the American delegation, and especially the members of Congress, for
joining us here, and say that I am particularly honored to be welcome by
John Ibekwe because he is the leader of the Network for People Living With
AIDS.  That is, they have brought a lot of help and hope to Nigeria.

          And let me say I want to thank Tay again for telling us her
story, and speaking so powerfully for the young people of Nigeria.  I'd
like to hear them both on a regular basis again.  I thought they were
terrific, and I know you're proud of them.  (Applause.)

          I would like to acknowledge the contributions in particular of
one member of the American Congress who is here, Congresswoman Barbara Lee,
who along with Representative Jim Leach -- (applause) -- thank you, Barbara
-- along with Representative Jim Leach of Iowa, she sponsored the historic
bipartisan Global AIDS Act I signed last week.  And I thank her and the
Congress for their support of the worldwide battle against AIDS.

          This program today is a sober reminder that while it is wonderful
that the people of Nigeria are finally free, to be free does not mean to be
free of all burdens or all challenges.  Indeed, there are challenges so
serious that if they are left unmet your democracy will not mean very much.
The fight against infectious diseases is one such challenge.

          Believe it or not, for all our modern medical advances,
infectious diseases still account for one out of every four deaths around
the world, and half the victims -- that's why it's good this baby is
crying, it will remind us of this -- half the victims of infectious
diseases are under five years of age.  Chiefly because of malaria,
mosquitoes will be responsible for the death of more than 1 million people
this year.

          And of course, there is no greater challenge than AIDS.  No child
should come into the world with such a deadly disease when it could have
been prevented.  Yet that is happening to millions of African children.  No
community should go without a teacher, yet teachers are dying and schools
are actually closing because of AIDS.  No country should struggle to rise
out of poverty while fighting a disease that can cut life expectancy by as
much as 30 years.  Yet that already had happened -- already -- in some
countries on this continent.

          It hasn't happened in Nigeria, thank goodness.  But that should
not be a cause for complacency, but instead a call for action.  Already
there are almost 3 million Nigerians living with AIDS.  President Obasanjo
has spoken eloquently today and before today about the challenge and his
determination to meet it.  The only thing I can say to the rest of the
people of Nigeria is that you must join with the President and with all the
public health advocates and all the citizens' groups, and all the people
that are present here and the people you represent, to help.

          AIDS can rob a country of its future.  I know you are not going
to let that happen to Nigeria.  (Applause.)

          I also want to acknowledge that this is not just Nigeria's fight,
or Africa's fight.  It is America's fight and the world's fight, too.

          I hope the wealthier countries will do their part, first by
supporting our initiative to speed the development of vaccines for AIDS,
malaria and TB.  Just a month ago, at the G-8 summit in Japan, at which
President Obasanjo appeared, we mobilized billions of dollars to fight
infectious diseases with the development of vaccines.  In addition, we have
to do more to support the efforts you have going now.  This year the United
States will provide $10 million to support your efforts against AIDS, three
times more than last year.  (Applause.)

          Nearly $9 million for polio eradication; $2 million to help you
protect your children from malaria by distributing bed nets.  (Applause.)
I must say, that bed net that I saw outside this building when I came up --
it has to be the biggest one in the world -- (laughter) -- but it certainly
made the point.  And I congratulate you on it.

          I'd also like to thank the president of the Packard Foundation,
Richard Schlossberg (phonetic), and the others who are here from the
Packard Foundation.  Where are they?  Stand up here.  There you go.  Thank
you.  (Applause.)  Over the next five years, Packard will make $35 million
in grants to improve the reproductive health of Nigerian women and I thank
them.  (Applause.)

          We will also continue to support other education and development
initiatives, including microenterprise loans and greater access for
technology and education that will help to develop the capacity and the
willingness and the understanding among children and among women to do what
is necessary to avoid the most dreaded diseases.

          We know, as your President has just said again, that it will also
take leadership from Africa.  Last April, President Obasanjo convened a
malaria summit, bringing together 44 nations to Nigeria, and mobilizing the
private sector.  And next year, as he said, he will host African leaders
for the summit on AIDS.

          Later this year, Nigeria will join 17 African countries for three
polio national immunization days.  Millions of children will be immunized
in the largest synchronized health event in the history of Africa.  Thank
you for that.  (Applause.)

          I'd also like to thank Rotary International, the World Health
Organization, UNICEF and the U.N. Foundation and, most of all, the
volunteers for helping in this cause.  And I see we have a lot of people
from Rotary here today -- thank you very much.  (Applause.)  That is the
kind of volunteer organized help we need in the fight against AIDS.

          Some day, a vaccine will come.  We must help it come faster.
Yes, there must be more done by the wealthy countries to get you medicines,
especially those that will keep AIDS from being transferred from mothers
when they're pregnant to their newborn babies.  And we will help you do
that.  (Applause.)

          But let's remember something.  There is one thing quite different
from AIDS and most killer diseases.  AIDS is 100 percent preventable -- if
we are willing to deal with it openly and honestly.  In every country, in
any culture, it is difficult, painful, at the very least, embarrassing to
talk about the issues involved with AIDS.  But is it harder to talk about
these things than to watch a child die of AIDS who could have lived if the
rest of us had done our part?  Is it harder to talk about than to comfort a
child whose mother has died?  We have to break the silence about how this
disease spreads and how to prevent it.  And we need to fight AIDS, not
people with AIDS.  They are our friends and allies.  (Applause.)

          I admire profoundly the strength of Nigeria's religious
traditions.  But the teachings of every faith command us to fight for the
lives of our children.  I would like particularly to thank the Muslim
Sisters Organization for recognizing that and for their many good works in
this regard.  (Applause.)

          Let me say that the good news is we know this can be done.  AIDS
infection rates have dropped dramatically in our country, but they also
have dropped dramatically in some places in Africa.  If Uganda and Senegal
can stem the rising tide of infection, so can Nigeria and every other
African country.  (Applause.)

          I am amazed at the courage of the people of Nigeria in struggling
against the oppression that you endured for too long until you got your
democracy.  I urge you now to show that same kind of courage to beat the
tyranny of this disease so you can keep your democracy alive for all the
children of Nigeria and their future.  (Applause.)

          You can do this.  We will help you.  We know we have to do more,
but so do you.  We must not let all the gains that have happened in Nigeria
and throughout Africa be destroyed by a disease we can prevent if only we
can get over our reluctance to deal with the uncomfortable aspects of it.
These children's lives are at stake and they are worth a little discomfort
by those of us who have already lived most of our lives.

          Thank you and God bless you.  (Applause.)

                            END                 4:35 P.M. (L)

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