Remarks by the President at Human Rights Day Observance (12/6/00)
                              THE WHITE HOUSE

                       Office of the Press Secretary
For Immediate Release                   December 6, 2000

                         REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT
                      AT HUMAN RIGHTS DAY OBSERVANCE

                             Presidential Hall
              Dwight D. Eisenhower Executive Office Building

11:13 A.M. EST

          THE PRESIDENT:  Thank you very much, ladies and gentlemen, and
good morning.  Let me begin by thanking Secretary Albright for her remarks
and her eight years of leadership, first at the United Nations, and then at
the State Department, always standing up and speaking out for human rights.

          And my friend of so many years, John Lewis, whom I knew before I
ever decided to run for President, who started with me, and as you can
hear, is going out with me, finishing.  (Laughter.)

          In my private office on the second floor of the White House
residence, I have a picture of a very young John Lewis being beaten at the
Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma, that I was given when we went back there on
the 35th anniversary of the Voting Rights Act.  And he has worked now for
more than 35 years.  I can't help noting that he's still at it.  He had a
piece in the New York Times the other day making the simple, but apparently
controversial point that the right to vote includes not only the right to
cast the vote, but the right to have it counted.  Thank you, John.

          I also want to welcome James Roosevelt and his wife, Ann, here;
and members of the Congress -- Congressman Ben Gilman, Donald Payne and Ed
Pastor.  I want to thank Sandy Berger and Eric Schwartz, who have worked at
the White House on human rights since the day we got here in 1993.  I want
to thank, in his absence, Assistant Secretary of State Harold Koh, who
tried to come back from Africa today to be here, but couldn't make it; and
our Ambassador to the U.N. Human Rights Commission, Nancy Rubin.
          We're here today to honor six extraordinary people.  Like
Madeleine, I also want to say that I wish Hillary could be here, but she's
at senator school today.  (Laughter.)  It's been a great two days at our
house, going to senator school.  I had to make sure that -- I said
yesterday, I said, this is your first day of school, and so you have to go
to bed early, get a good night's sleep -- (laughter) -- wear a nice dress.
It's the first day of school.  So today is the second day of school, and
I'm sorry she couldn't be here.

          But I will always be grateful that part of our service involved
the opportunity she had to go to Beijing five years ago, to say that
women's rights are human rights.  And I'm grateful that she'll have a
chance to continue that fight in the United States Senate.

          I'd also like to thank Melanne Verveer, who worked with us every
day for eight years; and for Bonnie Campbell at the Department of Justice,
and Theresa Loar at the Department of State.

          Thanks to so many of you in this room, for eight years I've had
the privilege of trying to bring Americans' actions more in line with
America's beliefs.  Secretary Albright and John Lewis both said they have
made support for democracy and freedom of religion an important part of our
foreign policy.  We stood up for civil rights and against discrimination at
home and abroad, and made it clear that America cannot simply stand by when
human rights are trampled.

          Dr. King once said, injustice anywhere is a threat to justice
everywhere.  This is a lesson we can never afford to forget, especially in
this fast-forward century, when satellites, e-mail and jet planes expand
the frontiers of human contact and human awareness, and bring pain and
suffering instantly home to us.  Globalization is bringing us closer
together, with many benefits; but as with all new benefits, new
responsibilities accompany them.  And we have both the moral imperative and
a practical incentive to do even more to recognize the rights and dignity
of every person, everywhere.

          In spite of what we have accomplished, which the Secretary of
State articulated so clearly, major challenges lie ahead.  We can never
stop striving at home to become the more perfect union of our founders'
dreams.  That means we cannot abandon the struggle against discrimination
and injustice here.

          Specifically, let me say, I hope that in this abbreviated session
of the Congress, that Congress will send me the hate crimes legislation
that we worked so hard for and which both Houses have voted for, but which
a minority may yet be able to prevent.  If we don't get it, I certainly
hope it's one of the first pieces of legislation the next administration
will ask for and sign into law.

          We also must continue to support emerging democracies abroad.
That means, of course, support for free and fair elections, but also
support for strong democratic institutions, good governance in the fight
against corruption, speaking out when the progress of democracy or the most
basic human rights are under threat, whether it's the scourge of slavery in
Sudan, the denial of rights to women and girls in Afghanistan, curtailing
religious freedom in China.

          And let me say especially to the students, religious communities
and human rights activists who have done so much to publicize the
atrocities of Sudan -- America must continue to press for an end to these
egregious practices and make clear that the Sudanese government cannot join
the community of nations until fundamental changes are made on these

          Ultimately, the support for human rights means preparing to act
to stop suffering and violence when our values and our interests demand it.
We cannot right every wrong, of course, but we cannot choose inaction,
either.  I have been reminded again and again that much of the best work in
promoting human rights and defending freedom is done by people outside
government -- students, activists, religious leaders from all walks of
life, sharing an unshakable belief in the simple message of the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights, that all humans are free and equal in dignity
and rights.

          Ten years after the signing of the Universal Declaration, Eleanor
Roosevelt reminded us that the destiny of human rights is in the hands of
all our citizens and all our communities.  I established the Eleanor
Roosevelt Human Rights Awards to honor men and women who have taken the
future of human rights into their committed hands.  I have had the honor of
working closely with several of this year's honorees, and the equal honor
of receiving advice and, on occasion, criticism from them, as well.  So I
would like to say a few words about each.

          To the Lakota Sioux, the birth of the white buffalo calf is a
sign of peace and harmony to come, a prophecy of the end of war, and
especially of the suffering of children.  When Tillie Black Bear founded
the White Buffalo Calf Women's Society more than 20 years ago, she sought
to end the suffering of women and children who were victims of domestic
violence.  She founded the first women's shelter on an Indian reservation,
and then went on to help found two more.

          A survivor of domestic violence herself, she has taught and
counseled victims, batterers, and law enforcement officials alike.  She is
a founder and former president of the National Coalition Against Domestic
Violence and Sexual Assault, and known around the nation as a leading
advocate for battered women.

          I want to add that, fittingly, Tillie was born on Human Rights
Day, December the 10th.  (Applause.)  We thank her for her courage and a
lifetime of commitment.

          From the tall tales he loved to tell, to the size of his
ambitions, Fred Cuny was larger than life in every sense.  But the biggest
thing about him was his heart and his devotion to saving lives anywhere he
could.  He participated in more than 70 relief missions to some of the
world's most desolate places.  And wherever he went, he made a lasting

          In Bosnia, he smuggled in enough equipment to build two water
purification plants under snipers' noses, providing clean drinking water
for 60 percent of the city during the worst days of the siege.  General
Shalikashvili called him "the hero" of our operations to help starving
Kurds in Northern Iraq.

          His last mission, like so many others, was to a remote and
dangerous place where outsiders rarely go, but where help was desperately
needed.  That place was Chechnya, and Fred Cuny was killed there five years
ago.  His son, Craig, is here today to accept his father's award.  And we
thank him, and all the Cuny family -- and there are lots of them here,
thank goodness -- for the life of one of America's and the world's great
humanitarians.  Thank you.  (Applause.)

          The story I am about to tell will not surprise anyone who has
ever had any contact with Elaine Jones.   She argued her first court case
at the tender age of 11.  She visited a dentist without getting her
parents' permission, and when she couldn't pay the bill, the dentist
decided to sue.  Her parents had to work, so Elaine went to court alone,
and convinced the judge to dismiss the case.  I wonder what the argument
was?  (Laughter.)

          That's when she decided she wanted to be a lawyer, and she's been
speaking truth to power ever since.  She was the first African American
woman to graduate from the University of Virginia Law School; later, the
first African American to sit on the American Bar Association Board of
Governors.  With a brief interruption for government service, she's been a
leader in the NAAPC's fight for equal justice for almost 25 years now.  She
is an ardent advocate before Congress, a skillful litigator before the
Supreme Court, a constant voice for people in need.

          Thank you, Elaine, for being a champion of human rights for all
Americans.  (Applause.)

          In the spring of 1954, a young Army Lieutenant named Norman
Dorsen found himself on the front lines of justice in his very first job
out of law school, defending civil liberties from the attacks of Senator
Joe McCarthy.  Now, Norman has had other jobs and responsibilities, but he
never abandoned his post in the struggle to preserve the rights and
liberties of every American.
          He argued and prepared briefs for landmark Supreme Court cases,
such as Gideon v. Wainright, which established an accused person's right to
legal counsel.  He was, for 15 years, the President of the American Civil
Liberties Union.  He is now Chairman of the Board of the Lawyers' Committee
for Human Rights.  For almost 40 years, he's inspired law students as a
professor at New York University Law School, and director of its program in
civil liberties.

          I've gotten to know him through our discussions of a political
Third Way, but today we thank him for reminding us that in every age,
respect for civil liberties is the American way.  Thank you, Norman.

          In tough places, where civilians are struggling to get out,
chances are you will find Archbishop Theodore McCarrick working hard to get
in and to help them.  The litany of countries he has visited sounds more
suited to a diplomat than an archbishop:  the former Soviet Union, the
Balkans, the countries devastated by Hurricane Mitch, East Timor, Ethiopia,
Burundi, Cuba, Haiti, Colombia.

          Two years ago, I was honored to send him as one of my
representatives on a ground-breaking trip to discuss religious freedom with
China's leaders.  This year, he has been a tireless and effective leader in
promoting debt relief for poor countries -- I might say, one of the truly
outstanding accomplishments that we have achieved in a bipartisan fashion
in this town in the last five years.  It's an amazing thing.

          At the same time, the Archbishop is much beloved for practicing
at home what he preaches around the world.  This year, as he pressed the
United States to fund debt relief, he forgave the $10 million in debt of
poor parishes in his Newark diocese.

          Archbishop, we thank you for your devotion to all God's children
and we welcome you to your new home in the diocese of Washington, D.C.

          These five Americans have made our nation and the world a better
place.  May they continue to inspire and guide us all for years to come.

          Major, read the citations.

          (The citations are read.)  (Applause.)

          THE PRESIDENT:  Do you want to know what Elaine said to me?
(Laughter.)  So, I said, well, what argument did you make when you were 11
years old?  She said, "I said he didn't have permission to take all those X
rays.  I mean, I was just 11 years old."  (Laughter.)  So this guy was
supposed to be the only person on Earth who could have said no to her.
(Laughter and applause.)  We need you now, girl -- that's good, that's
good.  (Laughter.)

          The Presidential Medal of Freedom was created by President Truman
to honor noble service in times of war.  It was expanded by President
Kennedy to honor service in times of peace.  I have been privileged to
award the medal to many champions of liberty.

          Today, we continue that tradition with a difference.  The person
we honor, Aung San Suu Kyi of Burma, cannot be with us.  In fact, she
doesn't even know we're here today, thinking of her and her struggle in her
country.  She sits confined, as we speak here, in her home in Rangoon,
unable to speak to her people or the world.  But her struggle continues and
her spirit still inspires us.

          Twelve years ago, she went home to Burma to visit her ailing
mother, and found herself at the helm of a popular movement for democracy
and human rights.  A decade ago, she led her persecuted party in
parliamentary elections that were neither free, nor fair; yet they still
won 80 percent of the seats.  Her victory has never been recognized by the
government of Burma, but her hold on the hearts of the people in Burma has
never been broken.

          In the years since, she had seen her supporters beaten, tortured
and killed, yet she has never responded to hatred and violence in kind.
All she has ever asked for is peaceful dialogue.  She has been treated
without mercy, yet she has preached forgiveness, promising that in a
democratic Burma there will be no retribution and nothing but honor and
respect for the military.

          No one has done more than she to teach us that the desire for
liberty is universal, that it is a matter of conscience, not culture.  When
her son, Alexander, accepted her Nobel Peace Prize, he said she would never
accept such an honor in her name, but only in the name of all the people of
Burma.  I imagine she would say the same thing today -- that she would tell
us that for all she has suffered, the separation from her family, the loss
of her beloved husband, nothing compares to what the Burmese people,
themselves, have endured:  years of tyranny and poverty in a land of such
inherent promise.

          Our thoughts are with them.  This medal stands for our
determination to help them see a better day.  The only weapons the Burmese
people have are words, reason and the example of this astonishing, brave
woman.  Let us add our voices to their peaceful arsenal.  Keep using every
instrument of influence to support Aung San Suu Kyi's quest for democracy
through dialogue.

          Those who rule Burma should know that they can regain their place
in the world, and only when they regain the trust of their own people, and
respect their chosen leaders.  And the woman we honor today should know,
America will also be a friend to freedom in Burma -- a friend for as long
as it takes to reach the goal for which she has sacrificed so very much.

          I would like to ask Alexander to come up here, and I'd like to
ask the Major to read the citation.

          (The citation is read.)  (Applause.)

          THE PRESIDENT:  Thank you all for coming today.  We are

                          END        11:37 A.M. EST

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