Remarks by the President on Senate Passage of China Permanent Normal Trade Relations (9/19/00)
                              THE WHITE HOUSE

                       Office of the Press Secretary

Immediate Release               September 19, 2000

                         REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT
                        ON SENATE PASSAGE OF CHINA

                     The James S. Brady Briefing Room

3:42 P.M. EDT

     THE PRESIDENT:  Good afternoon.  Today the Senate voted to pave the
way for permanent normal trade relations between the United States and
China.  This landmark agreement will extend economic prosperity at home and
promote economic freedom in China, increasing the prospects for openness in
China and a more peaceful future for all of us.

     When we open markets abroad to U.S. goods, we open opportunities at
home.  This vote will do that.  In return for normal trade relations -- the
same terms of trade we offer now to more than 130 other countries -- China
will open its markets to American products from wheat, to cars, to
consulting services.  And we will be far more able to sell goods in China
without moving our factories there.

     But there is much more at stake here than our economic self-interests;
it's about building a world in which more human beings have more freedom,
more control over their lives, more contact with others than ever before.
A world in which countries are tied more closely together, and the
prospects for peace are strengthened.

     Trade alone won't create this kind of world, but bringing China under
global rules of trade is a step in the right direction.  The more China
opens its markets to our products, the wider it opens its doors to economic
freedom, and the more fully it will liberate the potential of its people.

     When China finishes its negotiations and joins the WTO, our high-tech
companies will help to speed the information revolution there.  Outside
competition will speed the demise of China's huge state industries and spur
the enterprise of private sector involvement.

     They will diminish the role of government in people's daily lives.  It
will strengthen those within China who fight for higher labor standards, a
cleaner environment, for human rights and the rule of law.

     And we will find, I believe, that America has more influence in China
with an outstretched hand than with a clenched fist.  Of course, none of us
should think for a moment that any of these outcomes are guaranteed.  The
advance of freedom ultimately will depend upon what people in China are
willing to do to continue standing up for change.  We will continue to help
support them.

     Peace and security in Asia will depend upon our military presence, our
alliances, on stopping the spread of deadly weapons.  So we will continue
to be a force for peace, and we will not rest in our efforts to make sure
that freer trade also is fairer trade.

     These are some of the most important issues that our nation faces.
That's why this vote was so important and, for many, so difficult.  I want
to thank Senator Lott and Senator Daschle, Senator Roth, Senator Moynihan
and Senator Baucus, as well as those who led our effort in the House, and
everyone within this administration who worked so hard to achieve this
important milestone.

     But I also want to acknowledge those who raised important questions
about this policy, and say to you this is not the end of the story, it is
the beginning.  We have a chance -- not a certainty, but a chance -- to
strengthen our prosperity and our security and to see China become a more
open society.  Now our test as a nation is whether we can achieve that.  I
hope, and I strongly believe, that we will.

     Thank you very much.

     Q    Mr. President, what's your understanding of what's going on in
the Middle East?  Prime Minister Barak announced a suspension of talks;
now, he says he'll resume tomorrow.  What's going on there, sir?

     THE PRESIDENT:  They're down to the difficult issues, and they're both
feeling the pressure of these hard issues and the press of time.  I don't
think it's more complicated than that, and I think you should expect, from
time to time, both sides to express some exasperation.  And as long as they
get back to the work, you should feel positive about it.

     Q    Are you, sir, exasperated by the process itself?

     THE PRESIDENT:  No.  I always thought it was going to be hard.  And
they're down to the difficult -- there are no easy decisions now, so we've
just got to keep working at it and try to finish.

     Q    Now that they have the trade bill, sir, what incentive will China
have to listen to our concerns about human rights and weapons

     THE PRESIDENT:  Well, first of all, on the proliferation front, let me
point out that we've made a lot of progress.  China signed the Chemical
Weapons Convention, the Biological Weapons Convention, the Comprehensive
Test Ban Treaty, the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.  And they work with
us to stop transfers that we thought were destructive on more than one

     Are there still problems?  Yes, there are.  I think that the incentive
they will have is that more and more countries will want to become more and
more involved with them as long as they feel that they're becoming more
responsible members of the international community.  And also, they'll have
other ways to earn money over the long run that are responsible, legal, and
actually socially beneficial.

And I also believe that they have shown in other ways that they would like
to be partners in the international system, and assume a leadership role
that is constructive.  All of this will be possible if there is a common
course on nonproliferation.  Furthermore, I think that all big countries
will come to see that their own personal interests are more advanced by
nonproliferation than by having various entities within the country make a
quick buck through proliferation.  It's not good politics, and it's
certainly not good for national security.

     Q    Mr. President, have you followed the situation of this downed
aircraft just off of Cuba, and what can you tell us about that situation,

     THE PRESIDENT:  I don't know that I can say any more than I have seen
on the breaking news.  I have clearly -- I've been briefed, and we know
about what's been on the news reports.  Let me say this.  I can imagine
that there will be a lot of questions about what should be done about the
people that are found alive.  I think the most important thing now is just
to worry about their care -- how badly are they hurt, what kind of medical
care do they need, how quickly can we get it to them.  To me, that's the
overwhelming question, and I think other facts will emerge as the day goes
on, and maybe we'll probably know a lot more about it tomorrow.

     Q    How close are you, sir, to making a decision on tapping the
Strategic Petroleum Reserve, and what sort of time constraints do you have
to work with, given the fact that winter's coming?

     THE PRESIDENT:  Well, first I want to -- I really do want to see what
is the considered market judgment about the recent OPEC move and I don't
think we've seen it yet.  It's been sort of complicated by speculations
about Iraq, about speculations about what the refinery capacity is, and
some uncertainty, still, about how much oil is on the seas now based on

     So I'm studying this very closely.  I've talked to a lot of people
about it; I will continue to do that.  But we have some time before it will
be too late to affect the supplies and availability of all the products
we'll need as the cold weather sets in.  I just think we need a few more
days to see what the real market impact of the OPEC decision is.  And as
all of you know -- you've read all the stories and analyses about what the
decision might or might not mean -- and I just want to see what the lay of
the land is, and then I'll make the best judgment I can.

     Q    Would mid-October be too late?

     Q    Mr. President, there's word that Independent Counsel Ray will
release a statement tomorrow about his findings on Whitewater, including
the role of your wife.  Six weeks away from the election, do you question
the timing?

     THE PRESIDENT:  Well, you know, even Mr. Starr said almost two years
ago that there was nothing to any of that stuff that's just been coming out
now, a year and a half later.  So I think people are capable of drawing
their own conclusions about that.  I don't think I can serve much of the
public interest by commenting on it.  I think it's pretty obvious.

     We had a report from a truly independent source in 1996, saying that
nothing wrong was done and that Hillary's billing records fully supported
her account -- 1996.  So nothing has changed in this thing in the last few
years, and I think people will just be able to draw their own conclusions.

     THE PRESS:  Thank you.

               END                 3:50 P.M. EDT

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