Fact Sheet: U.S. Efforts on HIV/AIDS and Infectious Diseases
                              THE WHITE HOUSE

                       Office of the Press Secretary
                           (New York, New York)
                           For Immediate Release
                             September 7, 2000

                                FACT SHEET

             U.S. Efforts on HIV/AIDS and Infectious Diseases

The Clinton Administration is taking aggressive action on infectious
diseases and strongly supports Secretary General Annan's call for stepped
up international action to halt and begin to reverse the spread of

The United States also joins Secretary General Annan's call for health
research to be focused on problems that affect 90 percent of the world's
people.  Last year, AIDS killed 2.8 million people worldwide and is now the
single leading cause of death in Africa; thirteen million sub-Saharan
African children have now lost one or both of their parents to AIDS.
Today, three million children still die from diseases preventable with
vaccines that are already available, and more than five million children
and adults die from diseases like malaria, tuberculosis and AIDS for which
vaccines must be developed.

The recommendations of the UN Millennium Report are supported by the
Clinton Administration's aggressive response to the challenges posed by
global disease.

- On January 10, 2000, Vice President Gore chaired the first-ever United
Nations Security Council Panel session on a health issue: HIV/AIDS as an
international security threat.

- In his year 2000 State of the Union address, President Clinton announced
the Administration's Millennium Vaccine Initiative to accelerate the
development of malaria, TB and AIDS vaccines -- vaccines for which there is
an enormous need, but little market incentive for industry to develop.  The
initiative calls for:

-- $50 million in the President's 2001 budget as a contribution to the
vaccine purchase fund of the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization

-- U.S. leadership in the World Bank and other multilateral development
banks to dedicate an additional $400 million to $900 million annually of
low-interest rate loans to health care services;

-- significant increases in basic research on diseases that affect
developing nations;

-- $1 billion tax credit for sales of vaccines for malaria, TB and AIDS to
accelerate their development and production.

- On May 10, 2000, the President signed an Executive Order to help make
HIV/AIDS-related drugs and medical technologies more affordable and
accessible in beneficiary sub-Saharan African countries.  Earlier this
summer, the pharmaceutical industry announced an initiative to reduce
prices for anti-retroviral drugs for developing countries.

-- The Peace Corps has announced that all 2,400 Peace Corps volunteers
serving in 25 countries in Africa will be trained as educators of HIV/AIDS
prevention and care.

-- This Administration:

--- is investing $2 billion annually for AIDS research, with over $210
million allocated to AIDS vaccine development - the best hope for
conquering the disease;

--- this year contributed $120 million to the international campaign to
eradicate polio;

--- made global AIDS and infectious diseases a top priority at the
U.S.-European Union Summit in Portugal in May 2000 and the July 2000 G-8
Summit in Okinawa, where billions of dollars were mobilized from G-8

- President Clinton is asking Congress for an increase of $100 million --
to $342 million -- for international AIDS prevention and care in fiscal
year 2001, more than double the FY 1999 level.  Funds will be targeted to
the countries where the disease is most widespread, particularly in
sub-Saharan Africa.  Priorities include stepped-up primary AIDS prevention
efforts; care and treatment for those who are infected; care for children
orphaned by AIDS; and strengthening the public health infrastructure that
can prevent and control the disease.  The United States has invested more
than $1.4 billion in international AIDS programs since the start of the

- Last month, President Clinton signed into law HR 3519, the "Global AIDS
and Tuberculosis Relief Act of 2000," which authorizes funding for AIDS
prevention and treatment programs worldwide and increases investment in
vaccines for the world's children.

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