The President has made religious freedom a priority and the Administration
is committed to identifying new and creative means for securing religious
freedom for people of all faiths and beliefs. In particular, the
Administration has raised religious freedom issues directly with foreign
leaders and in multilateral fora. The State Department has expanded
coverage of religious freedom in its annual human rights report and has
created an Advisory Committee on Religious Freedom Abroad. In addition,
the Secretary of State will be creating a senior-level coordinator
responsible for integrating religious freedom into U.S. foreign policy.
The Administration strongly opposes H.R. 2431, the "Freedom From Religious
Persecution Act of 1998" because it would undermine U.S. efforts to support
the goal of religious freedom, as well as other important U.S. foreign
policy interests. The bill's proposed sanctions would be counterproductive
to convincing foreign governments to prevent limitations on religious
freedom and could lead to misguided repercussions against minority
religious groups perceived as causing deterioration of relations with the
United States. H.R. 2431 is objectionable because it would: (1) impose
automatic sanctions that could harm religious minorities and bilateral
relations with allies, as well as limit Presidential flexibility and raise
questions regarding U.S. international obligations; (2) undermine U.S.
policy to respect all human rights; (3) unravel the current refugee
admissions program; and (4) create a confusing bureaucracy to promote
freedom of religion.
Current law already provides an adequate basis for the United States to
impose sanctions on foreign entities that violate human rights. Automatic
imposition of sanctions could also dissuade foreign governments or persons
from cooperating with the United States to prevent limitations on religious
freedom and harm U.S. political and economic relationships with other
Although H.R. 2431 provides waiver authority, it does not eliminate a
principal source of concern, which is the annual, automatic condemnation
that would be required by the bill. While public condemnation may be
appropriate in many instances, it should not be automatic in all cases. If
the Administration is deprived of needed flexibility in situations that are
often quite complex, the well-being of the very populations the bill seeks
to help is put at risk. U.S. efforts to work collectively with other
nations to promote religious freedom, reconciliation, and peace would also
be placed at risk.
While appreciating the action taken by the Ways and Means Committee on the
areas within its jurisdiction, the Administration opposes section 12 of
H.R. 2431, which would legislate sanctions against Sudan. The President
imposed sanctions against Sudan on November 4, 1997. This section further
legislates sanctions without exempting emergency food aid distribution
programs, which would place many innocent Sudanese civilians in danger of
starvation. It also limits waiver authority to only two sanctions.
For the above reasons, if H.R. 2431 were presented to the President in its
current form, his senior advisers would recommend that the bill be vetoed.
H.R. 2431 could increase direct spending; therefore, it is subject to the
pay-as-you-go requirement of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (OBRA)
of 1990. The bill does not contain provisions to offset the increased
direct spending. Therefore, if the bill were enacted, its deficit effects
could contribute to a sequester of mandatory programs. OMB's preliminary
scoring estimate is that the PAYGO effect of this bill would be $5 million
for FY 1999 and $25 million during FYs 1999-2003. Final scoring of this
legislation may deviate from this estimate.