Dear Mr. President:
The significant accomplishments in American biomedical research and our innovations in medical care are widely respected throughout the country and, indeed, the world. These achievements have occurred primarily at our Nation's academic health centers. Since World War II, the Federal government has played a vital role in the support of academic health centers and has done so on a bipartisan basis.
Your Administration's 1994 health care reform plan acknowledged the important contribution to our quality of life made by academic health centers and provided a mechanism to mitigate the loss of significant revenue that these institutions are now experiencing. In the absence of comprehensive health care reform, academic health centers are beginning to show signs of serious stress. Although they represent only six percent of the Nation's non-Federal acute care hospitals, these institutions provide more than half of the care for the indigent and uninsured populations. The prospect of sharp reductions in Medicare, Medicaid, and Disproportionate Share (DSM expenditures, coupled with the erosion of clinical revenues resulting from the emergence of managed care, could have a devastating impact on the Nation's capacity to support medical research and education and the system that provides medical care to its most vulnerable citizens.
Academic health centers develop the biomedical knowledge and clinical techniques needed for new and improved treatments, train the Nation's physicians and provide unique patient care resources. In the long term, biomedical research conducted in these centers offers our citizens the best potential to enhance their quality of life and control medical expenditures with cost-effective methods for disease prevention and management.
Historically, the Federal government has assumed responsibility for a majority of the support for fundamental biomedical research and graduate medical education as a public investment that contributes broadly to the health of Americans. In 1995, the Federal investment in academic health centers for biomedical research and education was about one percent of total health care expenditures. Measured by any standard, this very modest rate of investment in an area of extraordinarily rapid advancement in knowledge and technology has had a remarkable yield. In addition, the Federal government provides, through the Medicaid and DSH programs, significant support for low-income patient care delivered in academic health centers.
Clinical revenues derived from medical practice programs conducted by the faculty of academic health centers have been another very significant source of funds for these programs of research, education and indigent care. Current changes in the health care system, including Medicare and Medicaid reform, driven by Federal and State fiscal concerns and the emergence of managed care, also threaten to eliminate this critical support for biomedical research and medical education.
We recognize the need to slow the rate of growth in health care costs and endorse efforts to address this need. Both public and private elements of the health care system need to be carefully examined and restructured to enhance medical efficacy and cost-effectiveness. However, it is also essential that in this process, the crucial public benefits that are contributed uniquely by academic health centers be recognized, and that their continued strength remain an important priority in the ongoing health care debate.
A panel of your Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) examined these issues and reached the following conclusions:
To support and sustain the Nation's academic health centers in the immediate future and over the longer term, PCAST therefore respectfully suggests that you consider the following recommendations:
PCAST believes that the academic health centers are a national resource that,
together with our research universities, must be sustained for the good of
the Nation. We hope that you will find these recommendations helpful.
Teaming with Life: Cover Page
Report to the President on the Use of Technology
National Nanotechnology Initiative - PCAST
PCAST Review of the Interim Report
Federal Energy R&D for the Challenges of the 21st Century
Fusion Energy Report 1995
PCAST Letter - November 8, 1995
PCAST Letter - December 6, 1996
PCAST Letter on Educational Research
PCAST - Consistent priority for American policy
PCAST Letter - January 7, 1997
John A. Young Letter to the President
PCAST letter on the 2000 Budget
PCAST - Nation's Investment in Science and Technology
PCAST 2001 budget to POTUS
PCAST - Entire national science enterprise
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